Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
CIA - The World Factbook -- Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Top banner
The World Factbook Banner

  Ashmore and Cartier Islands
(territory of Australia)
Flag of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
 Transnational Issues

This page was last updated on 17 October, 2006

Map of Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Definition Field Listing
These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich and diverse avian and marine habitat; in 1983, it became a National Nature Reserve. Cartier Island, a former bombing range, is now a marine reserve.
   Geography    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Definition Field Listing
Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, midway between northwestern Australia and Timor island
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
12 14 S, 123 05 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Southeast Asia
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 5 sq km
land: 5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Definition Field Listing
74.1 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 12 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Definition Field Listing
Definition Field Listing
low with sand and coral
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 3 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (all grass and sand) (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
0 sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983
   People    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
no indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island (July 2006 est.)
People - note:
Definition Field Listing
the landing of illegal immigrants from Indonesia's Rote Island has become an ongoing problem
   Government    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
conventional short form: Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
territory of Australia; administered by the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
the laws of the Commonwealth of Australia and the laws of the Northern Territory of Australia, where applicable, apply
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (territory of Australia)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of Australia is used
   Economy    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
no economic activity

   Transportation    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
none; offshore anchorage only
   Military    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of Australia; periodic visits by the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force
   Transnational Issues    Ashmore and Cartier Islands Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to Ashmore Reef; Australia has closed the surrounding waters to Indonesian traditional fishing and created a national park in the region while continuing to prospect for hydrocarbons in the vicinity

This page was last updated on 17 October, 2006

Bottom Banner