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Yehudi Menuhin
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Yehudi Menuhin

Sir Yehudi Menuhin (April 22, 1916 - March 12, 1999), later Lord Menuhin of Stoke D'Abernon was an American-born violinist, violist, and conductor who spent most of his performing career in Britain. He was a student of Louis Persinger, Georges Enesco, and Adolf Busch.

After building early success on richly romantic and tonally opulent performances, he experienced considerable physical and artistic difficulties caused by overwork during World War II and unfocused early training. Careful practice and study combined with meditation and yoga helped him overcome many of these problems, and he continued to perform to an advanced age, becoming known for profound interpretations of an austere quality.

In 1952, Menuhin met and befriended the influential yogi B.K.S. Iyengar. Menuhin arranged for Iyengar to teach abroad in London, Switzerland, Paris and elsewhere. This was the first time that many Westerners had been exposed to yoga.

In 1962 he established the Yehudi Menuhin School in Surrey. In 1965 he received an honorary knighthood. During the 1980s he made jazz recordings with Stephane Grappelli. In 1985 he was awarded British citizenship and had his honorary knighthood upgraded to a full one. In 1993 he was made a life peer as Baron Menuhin of Stoke D'Abernon. He died in Berlin.

His pupils include Nigel Kennedy and Hungarian violist Csaba Erdelyi.

Menuhin credited the German-Jewish philosopher Constantin Brunner with providing him with "a theoretical framework within which I could fit the events and experiences of life" (Conversations with Menuhin: 32-34).

Arguably the most famous of Menhuin's violins is the "Lord Wilton" Guarneri del Gesł violin made in 1742.