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Yaroslavl Oblast
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Yaroslavl Oblast

Yaroslavl Oblast (Яросла́вская о́бласть) is located in the Central Federal District of Russia, surrounded by the Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts. This geographic location affords the oblast the advantages of a close proximity to Moscow and Saint Petersburg. Additionally, the administrative center of the oblast — the city of Yaroslavl — is an intersection of major highways, railroads and waterways.

Table of contents
1 Basic facts
2 Nature
3 Population
4 Economic characteristics
5 Twin towns
6 Administrative Division
7 External link

Basic facts

Yaroslavl Oblast was established on March 11, 1936.

Nature

The climate is moderate continental, with snowy winters and a short but rather hot summer. Formely almost all territory was covered with thick conifer forest (fir, pine), but now a large portion of it has been replaced with birch-and-aspen secondary forests and crop fields. Swamps also take considerable areas.

Large animals have been much reduced in numbers, but there are still some bears, wolfs, foxes, elks, and wild boars.

A great number of wild birds live and nests in the Oblast.

In cities, most common birds are pigeons, jackdaws, hooded crows, rooks, house sparrows and great tits.

The Volga River flows through the Yaroslavl region, with two major dams constructed at Uglich and Rybinsk. The Rybinsk artificial lake is really large.

Mineral resources are limited to construction materials (such as sand, gravel, clay) and peat. There are also some mineral water springs and wells.

Population

These are population figures according to the census of 2002:

There are 11 towns, 13 townlets, 6,024 villages.

Life expectancy: average — 63 years, males — 57 years, females — 71 years.

98% of residents are citizens of Russia.

Economic characteristics

1) large and medium-sized enterprises.
2) including industry, agriculture, construction, transport.

Twin towns

Administrative Division

Districts

Yaroslavl Oblast consists of the following districts (Russian: райо́ны):

Cities and towns

The oldest town is Rostov.

The town of Mologa (known since the 13th century) has been engulfed by the Rybinsk artificial lake in 1940s.

Other settlements

External link


 
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