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Wu (吳) was a region in the south of Chang Jiang, surrounding Suzhou, in the Jiangsu province of China. It is also the abbreviation of several kingdoms or states based in Wu. The largest city in the Wu region today is Shanghai.

The first Wu state was established in late Zhou Dynasty. Once considered as a barbarian state, it emerged to be a power overload at the end of Spring and Autumn Period.

The most influential Wu state was the Kingdom of Wu during the period of Three Kingdoms.

The city of Suzhou (also called Wu) has traditionally been the capital of the Wu states.

Much of Japanese culture is influenced from this small region of China.

Wu is also a Chinese dialect spoken around the same region as the original Wu state. See Wu dialect.

See also: Shanghainese

Wu (吳 or 吴) is a common Chinese family name. Wu can be several other less common Chinese family names, 仵,烏,鄔 etc. In Cantonese, 吳 and 仵 are transliterated to Ng; 烏 and 鄔 to Woo.

Wu was also given as a response to the question: "Does a dog have the Buddha-nature. See Wu (Chinese word).

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Chinese: spoken varieties
Subdivisions: Mandarin | Jin | Wu | Hui | Xiang | Gan | Hakka | Cantonese | Pinghua | Min
Dungan | Danzhouhua | Shaozhou Tuhua | Xianghua
Subdivisions of Min: Min Dong | Min Bei | Min Zhong | Pu Xian | Min Nan | Qiong Wen | Shao Jiang
Note: The above is only one classification scheme among many.
Official spoken varieties: Putonghua | Guoyu | Cantonese (Hong Kong) | Taiwanese (proposed)
Historical Chinese phonology: Old Chinese | Middle Chinese | Proto-Min | Proto-Mandarin | Haner
Chinese: written varieties
Official written varieties: Classical Chinese (past) | Vernacular Chinese (present)