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Washington Senators
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Washington Senators

The Washington Senators were an American League baseball team from 1901 to 1960. The franchise then moved to Minneapolis and became, and still remains, the Minnesota Twins. The Senators won one World Series (1924) and lost two (1925 and 1933). Among its stars included Hall of Famers Goose Goslin, Sam Rice, Heinie Manush and Walter Johnson. Up and coming Washington star Harmon "Killer" Killebrew was a young phenom in the late 1950s and early 60s who went with the team to Minneapolis and spent all but one year of his career with the Senators/Twins.

It is said that prior to the Cuban revolution, Fidel Castro tried out for the Senators as a pitcher during the early 1950s.

The team played its games at Griffith Stadium, sharing it with the Homestead Grays of the Negro League.

Team nickname: Nats, short for Nationals.

The Washington Senators were also an American League baseball expansion team from 1961 to 1971. The franchise then moved to Arlington, Texas and became, and still remains, the Texas Rangers. In eleven seasons, the Senators posted only one winning season (1969). Frank Howard was the team's most accomplished player. Ted Williams managed the team from 1969 to 1971, and moved with the franchise to Texas in 1972.

The team played its games at D.C. Stadium (renamed RFK Stadium in 1968) on East Capitol Street and the Anacostia River.

Team uniform colors: Red, blue and white, with script "Washington" across the player's chest

The Washington Senators in Popular Culture

The longtime competitive struggles of the team inspired a humorous saying about both franchises: "First in war, first in peace, and last in the American League." This was a parody of "Light Horse Harry" Lee's renowned eulogy of George Washington: "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen."

The team was portrayed in the book The Year the Yankees Lost the Pennant, which became the Broadway musical and movie Damn Yankees. The plot features a middle-aged man who sells his soul to the Devil so the Washington Senators could win the pennant. One of the songs from the musical, You Gotta Have Heart, is frequently played at baseball games.

There were two National League teams called the Washington Senators in the 19 century. The first played 1886 to 1889 and the second from 1892 to 1899. The second team had played in the American Association in 1891.