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Velar nasal
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Velar nasal

The velar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ŋ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is N. The velar occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letters "ng" in sing or the letter "n" in bank.

IPA - Unicode ŋ
IPA - image
X-SAMPA N
Kirshenbaum N

Features of this consonant:

The [ŋ] sound is a fairly common sound cross-linguistically. Many languages have both a set of nasal stops and velar stops have [ŋ]. It is unusual in that in many languages it is only permitted at the ends of syllables, like in English or Korean. However in other languages it is permitted at the beginnings of syllables, like in the name of the language Ngaju Dayak.

Varieties of [ŋ]

IPA Description
ŋ plain ŋ
ŋ̊ voiceless ŋ
ŋ̍ syllabic ŋ
ŋ̈ breathy voiced ŋ
ŋ̃ creaky voiced ŋ
ŋʰ aspirated ŋ