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V2 word order
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V2 word order

V2 word order (V2) is a subset of the SVO word order. It refers to those languages (primarily German, and Dutch) which invariantly place the conjugated verb in the second position in a full clause. (Thus, V2 = "Verb Second") The rest of the verbs in the sentence, if any, occur at the end of the sentence in the order opposite expected by SVO order (auxillaries last).

An example in German is: ich bin gestern nach Frankfurt gefahren. ("I travelled to Frankfurt yesterday."), where bin is the auxillary verb ("to be") conjugated for the first-person singular, and gefahren is the past particple form of fahren ("to travel").

Another example, but with more than two verbs: gestern sind die Karte geteilt worden. ("Yesterday, the cards were dealt."), where sind is the auxillary verb ("to be") conjugated for the third-person plural, geteilt is the past participle of teilten ("to deal" in this case), and worden is a special conjugation of werden ("to become") used in past-tense passive constructions. Note the difference between the English, and German word orders, that English has two elements before the verb, while the German has only one.