Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Ungulate
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Ungulate

Ungulates (meaning roughly "hoofed" or "hoofed animal") make up several orders of mammals, of which six survive:

 
Most large land mammals are ungulates.

Extinct ungulate groups include Ancylopoda, Amblypoda and Condylarths.

In addition to hooves, ungulates developed reduced canine teeth, bunodont molarss (molars with low, rounded cusps), and an astragalus (one of the ankle bones at the end of the lower leg) with a short, robust head.

Ungulates diversified rapidly in the Eocene, but are thought to date back perhaps as far as the Late Cretaceous. Most ungulates are herbivores, but a few are omnivores or predators (for example, whales).