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Ulster forms one of the historical provincess of Ireland. Six of its nine counties, Antrim, Armagh, Derry/Londonderry, Down, Fermanagh, and Tyrone, are known together as Northern Ireland, and are part of the United Kingdom. The unionist population frequently refers to these six counties as "Ulster". The population of Northern Ireland in 2001 was 1,685,267.

The three Ulster counties of Cavan, Donegal and Monaghan are part of the Republic of Ireland. The combined population of these three counties in 2002 was 246,571.

In the 1600s Ulster functioned as the last redoubt of the traditional Gaelic way of life, and following the defeat of the Irish forces at the battles of Kinsale (1601), Mountjoy and Dunboy Castle, Elizabeth I succeeded in subjugating Ulster and all of Ireland.

Counties of Ireland
Republic of Ireland: Carlow | Cavan | Clare | Cork | Donegal | Dublin | Galway | Kerry | Kildare | Kilkenny | Laois | Leitrim | Limerick | Longford | Louth | Mayo | Meath | Monaghan | Offaly | Roscommon | Sligo | Tipperary (North, South) | Waterford | Westmeath | Wexford | Wicklow
Northern Ireland: Antrim | Armagh | Derry/Londonderry | Down | Fermanagh | Tyrone
Provinces of Ireland: Connacht | Leinster | Munster | Ulster

The name Ulster also appears in some other contexts originally named in honour of the Irish province:

See also: Irish Place Names in Other Countries

An ulster is a kind of overcoat.