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Transliteration of Russian into English
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Transliteration of Russian into English

There exist many possible systems for transliterating Russian language and other languages that are written using Cyrillic alphabet into English or Latin alphabet. Such transliteration is necessary for writing Russian names and other words in English texts. It is also essential for the input of Russian text into computer by users who either do not have the keyboard or word processor set up for input of cyrillic, or else they are not capable of typing rapidly on the distinct cyrillic keyboard. In the latter case, they would type using a system of transliteration on the QWERTY keyboard and then use an automated tool to convert the text into cyrillic.

The following is the summary of commonly used transliteration system for writing English texts:

Russian letter or letter combination English transliteration Special provisions Examples

А (а) A (a) None Аник = Anik
Поганкино = Pogankino

Б (б) B (b) None Болотин = Bolotin
Колбасин = Kolbasin

В (в) V (v) None Воронин = Voronin
Привалин = Privalin

Г (г) G (g) None Галкин = Galkin
Луговой = Lugovoy

Д (д) D (d) None Дровяное = Drovyanoye
Подгорск = Podgorsk

Е (е) Ye (ye)
  1. In the beginning of words;
  2. after vowels;
  3. after ь;
  4. after ъ.
  1. Ельцин = Yeltsin
  2. Раздольное = Razdolnoye
  3. Юрьев = Yuryev (ь omitted - see ь line below);
  4. Подъездной = Podyyezdnoy

E (e) All other cases Белкин = Belkin

Ё (ё) Yo (yo) None Ёлкино = Yolkino
Озёрск = Ozyorsk

E (e) When it is a commonly accepted convention Горбачёв = Gorbachev

Ж (ж) Zh (zh) None Жиров = Zhirov
Приволжское = Privolzhskoye

З (з) Z (z) None Зорин = Zorin
Обозов = Obozov

И (и) I (i) Except in an -ий ending (see below) Иркутск = Irkutsk
Владивосток = Vladivostok

Й (й) Y (y) Except in -ый and -ий endings (see below) Йошкар-Ола = Yoshkar-Ola
Буйск = Buysk

I (i) When it is a commonly accepted convention Край = Krai

J (j) When it is a commonly accepted convention [Insert an example]

К (к) K (k) None Киров = Kirov
Галкин = Galkin

Л (л) L (l) None Лапинск = Lapinsk
Комсомольск = Komsomolsk

М (м) M (m) None Мичурин = Michurin
Колыма = Kolyma

Н (н) N (n) None Нальчик = Nalchik
Савино = Savino

О (о) O (o) None Одесса = Odessa
Грозный = Grozny

П (п) P (p) None Петроград = Petrograd
Ставрополь = Stavropol

Р (р) R (r) None Родниковое = Rodnikovoye
Высокогорск = Vysokogorsk

С (с) S (s) None Ступино = Stupino
Бирск = Birsk

Т (т) T (t) None Тавричанка = Tavrichanka
Ростов = Rostov

У (у) U (u) None Улетайск = Uletaysk
Шушенское = Shushenskoye

Ф (ф) F (f) None Фёдоровка = Fyodorovka
Корфу = Korfu

Ph (ph) When it is a commonly accepted convention [Insert an example]

Х (х) Kh (kh) None Хабаровск = Khabarovsk
Оха = Okha

Ц (ц) Ts (ts) None Царское = Tsarskoye
Зарецкий = Zaretsky

Ч (ч) Ch (ch) None Черемшаны = Cheremshany
Зареченск = Zarechensk

Tch (tch) When it is a commonly accepted convention Чайковский = Tchaikovsky

Ш (ш) Sh (sh) None Шадрин = Shadrin
Моршанск = Morshansk

Щ (щ) Shch (shch) None Щукино = Shchukino
Рощинскиc; = Ro\shchinsky

Sch (sch) When it is a commonly accepted convention [Insert an example]

ъ (твёрдый знак) omitted When followed by е Подъездной = Podyezdnoy

y When followed by a vowel other than е Подъярский = Podyyarsky

" When it is a commonly accepted convention [Insert an example]

Ы (ы) Y (y) Except in an -ый ending (see below) Ыттык-Кюель = Yttyk-Kyuyel
Давыдов = Davydov

ь (мягкий знак) omitted
  1. When followed by е;
  2. at the end of words;
  3. before a consonant
  1. Усолье = Usolye
  2. Выхухоль = Vykhukhol
  3. Дальнегорск = Dalnegorsk

y When followed by a vowel other than е Ильинский = Ilyinsky

' When it is a commonly accepted convention [Insert an example]

Э (э) E (e) None Элиста = Elista
Тетраэдральный = Tetraedralny

Ю (ю) Yu (yu) None Юрмала = Yurmala
Козючинск = Kozyuchinsk

Я (я) Ya (ya) None Ярославль = Yaroslavl
Бурянск = Buryansk

кс x In names like Alexander and Alexey Алексей = Alexey

Кс (кс) Ks (ks) In all other cases Моксинский = Moksinsky
Ксинск = Ksinsk

-ий and -ый endings y None Синий = Siny
Красный = Krasny