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Timeline of Ancient Greece
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Timeline of Ancient Greece

This is a Timeline of Ancient Greece.

BC ;1000-700 :Synoikismos of Athens, people of Attica were willing to transfer their allegiance to one city, Athens, because of Theseus ;683 :office of Archon established King was emasculated ;632 :Cylon, Athenian noble, seizes Acropolis and tries to make himself king, fails ;621 :Draco, Athenian lawgiver, issues code of laws where everything is punishable by death -- Draconian ;594 :Solon, Athenian statesman, becomes Archon, captures Salamis from Megarians, establishes Timocracy, rule by the richest, constitutional reforms, more vote and trade, abolishes slavery, Know Thyself ;590 :Sappho, Greek poetess and priestess, flourishes on island of Lesbos ;565 :Pisistratus, Athenian general, organizes Diakrioi, party of poor people ;561 :Pisistratus takes power first time, driven out by Lycurgus who leads nobles ;559 :Pisistratus restored by help of Megacles ;556 :Pisistratus expelled, makes fortune from Thracian mines ;546 :Croesus, rich king of Lydia, killed at Sardis by Persians ;546 :Pisistratus restored by Thessaly and Lygdamos of Naxos ;527 :Pisistratus dies, succeeded by sons Hippias and Hipparchus ;525 :Persian Darius I, son-in-law of Cyrus the Great takes Egypt ;507 :Cleisthenes, Greek reformer, takes power, increases democracy ;490 :Themistocles and Miltiades, Athenians, defeat Darius at Marathon, Phidippides runs with news ;484 :Aeschylus, Athenian playwright, wins Athenian Prize ;480 :Leonidas, Spartan, makes sacrifice of 300 Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae so main force can escape, Xerxes son of Darius is leading the Persians ;480 :Simultaenous with Thermopylae, the Greeks and Persians fight to a draw in the naval Battle of Artemisium ;480 :Battle of Salamis - Themistocles, Athenian general, lures Persians into Bay of Salamis, Xerxes loses and goes home, leaves behind Mardonius ;479 :Pausanias, Greek general routs Mardonius at the Battle of Plataea ;479 :Battle of Mycale frees Greek colonies in Asia. After the Battle of Salamis, Athens set up the Delian League, treasury on island of Delos, a confederacy of cities around the Aegean. It was intended as a military defense association against Persia but was turned into an empire, collecting tribute and deciding policy of its associates. Sparta formed rival Peloponnesian League ;476-462 :Cimon elected general each year, he was victorious over Persia and then enforced military power on Delian League ;474 :Pindar, Greek poet moves to Thebes from court at Syracuse ;471 :Themistocles ostracized ;468 :Sophocles, Greek playwright, defeats Aeschylus for Athenian Prize ;461 :Cimon ostracized ;457 :Pericles, Athenian statesman begins Golden Age, he was taught by Anaxagoras, who believed in dualistic Universe and atoms ;456 :Aeschylus dies ;449 :Herodotus, Greek Historian, writes History of Greco-Persian War from 490-479 ;448 :Ictinus and Callicrates, Greek architects rebuild Acropolis from Persain destruction ;441 :Euripides, Greek playwright, wins Athenian prize ;440 :Heraclitus, Greek philosopher, believes everything is mutable ;435 :Phidias, Greek sculptor, completes Zeus at Elis 1 of 7 wonders ;433 :Corinth, Sparta, Megara and Aegina ally against Corfu, Athens, Rhegium, and Leontini ;432 :End of Golden Age, Peloponnesian Wars begin Athens under Pericles blockades Potidaea (Battle of Potidaea), Corfu declares war on Corinth (Battle of Sybota) ;431 :Sparta led by Archidamus II sets out to destroy Athens thus starting the Peloponnesian War ;431 :Empedocles, Greek doctor, believes body has 4 humors ;430 :Failed peace mission by Athens, bubonic plague year, Sparta takes no prisoners ;430 :Leucippus, Greek philosopher, believes every natural event has natural cause. Athenian Plague Appears in Athens. ;429 :Phormio, Atheinian admiral, wins the Battle of Chalcis ;429 :Pericles dies of Athenian Plague, possibly typhus or bubonic plague ;429 :Hippocrates, Greek doctor, believes diseases have physical cause ;428 :Mitylene rebels, chief city of Lesbos ;427 :Archidamus II dies, Alcidas, Greek admiral sent to help Lesbos, raids Ionia and flees after seeing Athenian might Athenian Plague returns ;427 :Mitylene surrenders to Athens, Plataeans surrender to Athens ;427 :Aristophanes, Greek playwright, wins Athenian Prize ;426 :Corfu secures island for Athens ;426 :Demosthenes, Athenian general, and Cleon, Athenian demagogue, revitalizes Athenian forces, makes bold plans opposed by Nicias, his first military campaign barely succeeds ;425 :Athenian fleet bottles up Spartan navy at Navarino Bay, Nicias resigns ;424 :Syracuse sends Athenians home ;424 :Pagondas of Thebes crushes Athenian army at the Battle of Delium, Brasidas a Spartan general makes a successful campaign, Cleon exiles Thucydides for 20 years for arriving late ;423 :Truce of Laches supposed to stop Brasidas but doesn't, Nicias leads Athenian forces in retaking Mende ;422 :Cleon meets Brasidas outside of Amphipolis, both are killed (Battle of Amphipolis) ;421 :Peace of Nicias brings temporary end to war, but Alcibiades, a nephew of Pericles, makes anti-Sparta alliance ;420 :Quadruple alliance of Athens, Argos, Mantinea, and Elis confronts Spartan-Boeotian alliance ;419 :King Agis, ruler of Sparta, attacks Argos, makes treaty ;418 :Battle of Mantinea, greatest land battle of war, gives Sparta victory over Argos, which broke treaty, Alcibiades thrown out, alliance broken ;416 :Alcibiades makes plans, is restored to power ;415 :Hermai are mutilated in Athens, Alcibiades accused, asks for inquiry, told to set sail for battle (Sicilian Expedition), is condemned to death in absentia, he defects to Sparta ;414 :Lemachus, Athenian commander killed at Syracuse ;413 :Nicias and Demosthenes killed at Syracuse ;412 :Alcibiades is thrown out of Sparta, conspires to come back to Athens ;411 :Democracy ends in Athens by Antiphon, Peisander, and Phrynichus, overthrown by Theramenes, Constitution of the 5000, Athenian navy recalls Alcibiades, confirmed by Athenians ;410 :After several successes, Athenian demagogue Cleophon rejects Sparta peace overtures ;409 :Byzantium recaptured by Alcibiades for Athens ;408 :Alcibiades reenters Athens in triumph, Lysander, a Spartan commander, builds fleet at Ephesus ;407 :Lysander begins destruction of Athenian fleet, Alcibiades stripped of power ;406 :Callicratides, Spartan naval leader, loses Battle of Arginusae over blockade of Mitylene harbor, Sparta sues for peace, rejected by Cleophon ;405 :Lysander captures Athenian fleet, Spartan king Pausanius lays siege to Athens, Cleophon executed, Corinth and Thebes demand destruction of Athens ;404 :Athens capitulates Apr 25 Theramenes secures terms, prevents total destruction of Athens, Theramenes and Alcibiades are killed ;401 :Thucydides, Greek historian, leaves account of Golden Age and Peloponnesian War at his death (History of the Peloponnesian War) ;399 :Socrates, Greek philosopher, condemned to death for corrupting youth ;347 :Plato, Greek philosopher, founds Academy ;342 :Aristotle, Greek philosopher, begins teaching Alexander, son of Philip of Macedon ;338 :Philip of Macedon defeats Athens and Thebes in last struggle for Greek Independence at Chaeronea Aug 2 ;336 :Alexander succeeds father, who was assassinated at the wedding feast of his daughter ;333 :Alexander defeats Persians at Battle of Issus, Oct, but Darius III escapes ;332 :Alexander conquers Egypt ;331 :at Battle of Gaugamela Oct 1, Alexander ends Achaemenid Dynasty and takes Persian Empire ;330 :Democritus, Greek philosopher, develops Atomic theory, believes cause and necessity, nothing comes out of nothing

;329 :Alexander conquers Samarkand ;327 :Alexander invades Northern India, but army is tired so doesn't pursue it ;323 :Alexander dies, his generals vie for power in Wars of the Diadochi Antigonus- Macedonia, Antipater- Macedonia, Seleucus- Babylonia and Syria, Ptolemy- Egypt, Eumenes- Macedonia, Lysimachus, later Antipaters son Cassander also vies for power ;316 :Menander, Greek playwright, wins Athenian prize ;300 :Euclid, Greek mathematician, publishes Elements, treating both geometry and number theory (see also Euclidean algorithm) ;295 :Athens falls to Demetrius, Lachares killed ;265 :Archimedes, Greek mathematician, develops screw, specific gravity, center of gravity; anticipates discoveries of integral calculus

See also