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The Economist
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The Economist

2004 (North American edition)]]

The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication of The Economist Newspaper Limited in London. It is positioned at the high-end "prestige" segment of the market and counts influential business and government decision-makers worldwide among its most important target audience.

By tradition The Economist is always called a "newspaper", despite being printed in magazine form factor on glossy paper.

Table of contents
1 Features
2 Business
3 Political endorsements
4 See also
5 External link

Features

The Economist focuses on world politics and business, although they also have regular sections on science and technology, as well as books and arts. In addition to the news articles, every other week the newspaper includes a more in-depth survey of a region or a field of business.

Articles are generally written without an attributed byline, meaning no specific person is listed as the author, and are often strongly opinionated. The names of the editors and authors are listed only on the inside front cover, though the connection is made explicit when works written by contributors to the newspaper are reviewed. The newspaper has a trademark "tight writing" style, famous for putting a maximum amount of information into a minimum of column inches. When the magazine was founded, the term "economism" denoted what would today be termed fiscal conservatism, and The Economist generally takes both an economically and socially liberal (or libertarian) position, in the sense it disfavours government interference in either social or economic activity, though views taken by individual contributors are quite diverse. The one uniting feature almost all articles in the magazine have in common is the concluding witticism. Some have joked that as long as the writers can deliver that, their political or other opinions do not matter.

The newspaper was first published in September 1843 by James Wilson, to take part in "a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress." This phrase is quoted on the newpaper's contents page.

Each of the opinion piece columns in the newspaper are devoted to a particular area of the world. The names of these columns reflect the location they concentrate on:

Britain - Bagehot - named for Walter Bagehot, nineteenth century British constitutional expert and early editor of The Economist.
Europe - Charlemagne - named for Charlemagne, founder of the Frankish Empire, an early "European Union".
United States - Lexington - named for Lexington, Massachusetts, the site of the beginning of the American War of Independence.

Business

ABC circulation for the newspaper is approximately 880,000 (July-December 2002 figures) with just less than half the readership based in North America, approximately 20% in continental Europe, 15% in the UK and 10% in Asia. The newspaper consciously adopts an internationalist approach and notes that over 80% of its readership is from outside the UK, its country of publication. The current editor (as at June 2004), Bill Emmott, assumed his role in 1993.

The Economist Newspaper Limited is a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Economist Group. One half of The Economist Group is owned by private shareholders, and the other half by the Financial Times, a subsidiary of The Pearson Group. In 2002, the Economist Group turnover was 227m in 2002 resulting in an operating profit of 15m (down from 21m in 2001 and 32m in 1998, the decrease attributed to a sharp decline in advertising). Income streams are split roughly 50-50 between advertising and other areas, such as subscriptions.

The Economist is also famous for its Big Mac index, which uses the price of a Big Mac hamburger sold by McDonald's in different countries as an informal measure of purchasing power parity between two currencies. It has turned out to be a whimsical but surprisingly accurate index for comparison. In January 2004, this index was joined by a Starbucks "tall latte index".

The magazine is a co-sponsor of the Copenhagen Consensus.

Political endorsements

Like many newspapers, The Economist occasionally uses its pages to endorse candidates in upcoming major elections. In the past, the magazine has endorsed:

See also

External link