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Tatarstan
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Tatarstan

Tatarstan (Russian: Респу́блика Татарста́н; Tatar: Tatarstan Respublikası) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). It is located in the Privolzhsky (Volga) Federal District.

'Tatarstan Respublikası/Татарстан Республикасы
+Республика Татарстан (Respublika Tatarstan)
(In Detail) (In Detail)
National motto: none
Official languages Tatar, Russian
Political status Autonomous republic
Capital Kazan (Qazan)
President Mintimer Şäymiev;
Prime Minister Röstäm Miñnexanov
Parliament Speaker Färit Möxämmätşin;
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 47th
67,800 km²
6.4%
Population
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 8th
3,779,000
56/km²
Independence
Declared
Recognition
Undeclared
from Russia
30 August 1990
none
2000
Currency Russian ruble (RUR)
Time zone UTC +3
National anthem Hymn of the Republic of Tatarstan
Internet TLD .RU
Calling Code 7
State religion
Other religions
Religious freedom
Sunni Islam, Russian Orthodox Church

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 History
3 Politics
4 Administrative Division
5 Language
6 Name
7 External links

Geography

Tatarstan is located in the center of the East European Plain, approximately 700 km east of Moscow. It has an area of 68,000 km² and a population of 3,779,300 (census 2002) which is more than 50% ethnic Tatar. It lies between the Volga River and its tributary, the Kama River, and extends east to the Ural mountains. Its capital is the city of Kazan (Tatar: Qazan), the other major cities are Naberezhnye Chelny or Yar Çallı, Tübän Kama (Nizhnekamsk), Älmät (Almetyevsk), Yäşel Üzän; (Zelenodolsk), Bögelmä (Bugulma).

History

Middle Ages

The state has existed from the
9th century as Volga Bulgaria. The Volga Bulgars were converted to Islam by missionaries from Baghdad around 922. After the area was conquered by the Mongols of the Golden Horde under Batu Khan in the 1230s, they were named Tatars by their conquerors. In the 1430s their land became a base of the Khanate of Kazan. It was conquered by the troops of Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible in the 1550s, with Kazan being taken in 1552. Some Tatars were forcibly converted to Christianity and cathedrals were built in Kazan; from 1593 all mosques in the area were destroyed. The prohibition to construct mosques was not lifted until the 18th century by Catherine II and the first mosque was built from 1766-1770.

New Ages

In 19th century Tatarstan became one of the places were Jadidism, also known as Euroislam, appeared. Its main quality was a tolerance to other religions.

Tatarstan Jadidist theologists influenced on Tatar people, which made Tatars very friendly to other peoples and religions. But after the October Revolution religion was made illegal and all theologists were repressed.

After Civil War 1918-1920 and suppession of bourgeois nationalists, wanted to remain an independent bourgeois state (Idel-Ural State), Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was declared.

The boundaries of the current state were set in 1920 as the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which did not include the majority of the Volga Tatars.

Tatarstan Today

Tatarstan declared itself a independent republic on August 30, 1990. On February 15, 1994 there was signed an Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Tatarstan "On Delimitation of Authority in the Sphere of Foreign Economic Relations" which is sometimes considered as recognition of Tatarstan's independent country status by Russian Federation. In 1994-2000 Tatarstan is an independent state with de facto status. After renovating of Tatarstan Constitution in 2000 Tatarstan declared that it is a Russian subdivsion.

See also:

History of Tatrstan
Onogur | Volga Bulgaria | Golden Horde | Khanate of Kazan
Kazan guberna | Idel-Ural State | Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic | Tatarstan

Politics

Unicameral National Parliament Milli Mäcles whith 100 seats: 50 for Parties and 50 for local daputats.

The President of Tatarstan is Mintimer Şäymiev;.
The Prime Minister is
Röstäm Miñnexanov.
The Parliament Speaker is Färit Möxämmätşin;

Administrative Division

See also:

Rayons of Tatarstan (Tatar official form) or Districts of Tatarstan (Russian official form)

Language

Official languages are Tatar and Russian.

See also: Tatars

Name

Tatarstan Tatars are not Tartars (this word is uncorrect and offensive)! Tatar word is used only in the meaning of Tatarstan Tatar. All inhabitants of Tatarstan are usually called 'Tatarstaners' or 'Tatarstanlı'.

External links


 
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