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Skiing
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Skiing

    

Skiing is the human activity of gliding over snow using skis (originally wooden planks, now usually made from fiberglass or related composites) strapped to the feet with ski bindings.

Table of contents
1 Skiing
2 Skiing Topics

Skiing

Many different types of skiing are popular, especially in colder climes, and many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the International Ski Federation (FIS), and other sporting organizations.

In skiing's traditional core regions in the snowy parts of Scandinavia, both recreational and competitive skiing is as likely to refer to the cross-country variants as to the internationally more well-known downhill variants.

For many people, "skiing" means recreational downhill skiing in which one visits a ski resort, purchases a lift ticket, dons cold-weather clothing, skis, ski boots and ski poles, and embarks on a chairlift, gondola lift, or other mechanical method of uphill propulsion. Upon reaching the summit, the skier disembarks from the ski lift and travels downhill, propelled by gravity. One should not attempt this unless one has been to ski school or otherwise learned how to turn and stop safely. If this is not the case, one's trajectory is likely to become uncontrollable and one's speed excessive, attenuated only by stationary objects such as trees.

At this juncture, the non-skier might ponder the question of "Why do it at all then?" Of course there are many possible answers to such a question, perhaps as many as there are skiers, but a good simple answer might be "It feels good", rather like flying. Of course, there is some possibility of danger but curiously, this is also part of the appeal of the sport; it is, after all, the fastest means of land transport possible without mechanical assistance. It is possible to achieve a union of the mind and the body by practicing this sport where the mind trusts the body to perform in an exceptional manner and the body trusts the mind not lead it off a cliff. A sense of harmony and of peak experience can result resulting in a feeling of wholeness of self.

In addition to their role in recreation and sport, skiing is also used as a means of transport by the military, and many armies train troops for ski warfare. Ski troops played a key role in retaining Finnish independence from Russia during the Winter War, and from Germany during the Lapland War, although the use of ski troops was recorded by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus in the 13th century. The sport of Biathlon was developed from military skiing patrols.

Skiing was pronounced "she-ing" at the start of the 20th century, after the Norwegian pronunciation, and was usually written "ski-ing".

For the origins and development of skiing, see the History of skiing.

Skiing Topics

Types of skiing

Turning Techniques

Equipment

Competition Events

Alpine Events

Nordic Events

Skiing Organisations

International organisations:

National organisations:

Ski Safety

Ski Lifts

Other

Health and Injuries

Related Sports