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Scottish Borders
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Scottish Borders

Scottish Borders
Geography
Area:
- Total
- % Water
Ranked 6th
4,732 km²
? %
Admin HQ: Newtown St. Boswells
: GB-SCB
ONS code: 00QE
Demographics
Population:
- Total (April 29, 2001)
- Density
Ranked 20th
106,764
23 / km²
Politics
Scottish Borders Council
http://www.scotborders.gov.uk
Control:  
MPs: Archy Kirkwood
Michael Moore
Scottish Borders is one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland. It borders onto Dumfries and Galloway in the west, South Lanarkshire in the north west, East Lothian, Midlothian both to the north, and the county of Northumberland in England to the south. The administrative centre of the region is Newtown St. Boswells. It covers all of the traditional counties of Berwickshire, Peeblesshire, Roxburghshire and Selkirkshire as well as part of Midlothian.

The region was created in 1975 as a two-tier region with the districts of Berwickshire, Ettrick and Lauderdale, Roxburgh, and Tweeddale under it. On April 1, 1996 the region became a unitary council region and the districts wound up. It was originally known as Borders, and changed its name on April 25, 1996.

Table of contents
1 Geography
2 History
3 Transport
4 See Also
5 External Links

Geography

Geographically the region is hilly in the south, west and north, with the River Tweed flowing west to east through the region. The east of the region is primarily flat sometimes with isolated small groups of hills. The Tweed and its tributaries drain the entire region with the river flowing into the North Sea at Berwick-upon-Tweed, and forming the border with England for the last twenty miles or so of its length.

History

The administrative region was formed from four traditional counties Peeblesshire, Roxburghshire, Selkirkshire and Berwickshire but historically, the term Borders has a wider meaning, referring to all of the counties adjoining the English border, also including Dumfriesshire and Kirkcudbrightshire - as well as Northumberland, Cumberland and Westmorland in England.

Roxburghshire and Berwickshire historically bore the brunt of the conflicts with England, both during declared wars such as the Wars of Scottish Independence, and armed raids which took place in the times of the Border Reivers. Thus, across the region are to be seen the ruins of many castles, abbeys and even towns.

Transport

The region has no railway stations. Although the area was well connected to the Victorian railway system, the branch lines that supplied it were closed in the decades following the Second World War. A bill is before the Scottish Parliament to build the Waverley Line, a commuter service south from Edinburgh to Melrose and perhaps Hawick. Presently, the nearest railway stations are Edinburgh Waverley, Berwick-upon-Tweed and Carstairs Junction.

The region also has no commercial airports - the nearest are Edinburgh and Newcastle-upon-Tyne, both of which are international airports.

The main roads to and from the region are:

Towns and villages Places of interest

See Also

External Links


United Kingdom | Scotland | Council areas of Scotland
Aberdeen | Aberdeenshire | Angus | Argyll and Bute | Clackmannanshire | Dumfries and Galloway | Dundee | East Ayrshire | East Dunbartonshire | East Lothian | East Renfrewshire | Edinburgh | Falkirk | Fife | Glasgow | Highland | Inverclyde | Midlothian | Moray | North Ayrshire | North Lanarkshire | Orkney | Perth and Kinross | Renfrewshire | Scottish Borders | Shetland | South Ayrshire | South Lanarkshire | Stirling | West Dunbartonshire | West Lothian | Western Isles