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Rubber Soul
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Rubber Soul

Rubber Soul
LP by The Beatles
Released December 3, 1965
Recorded Abbey Road Studios 1965
Genre Rock
Length 35 min 50 s
Record label Parlophone
Producer George Martin
Professional reviews
Q 4 stars out of 5 November 2000
AMG 5 stars out of 5 link
Beatles Chronology
Rubber Soul

The album Rubber Soul, released by The Beatles in 1965, was recorded in just seven weeks to make the Christmas market, but was nonetheless a major achievement, gaining wide critical and market success. Produced by George Martin (who also appears on keyboards in a few places, for example the piano solo in "In My Life") for EMI Records.

The album represented a major artistic development for the Beatles, as they branched out from their original sound. All the songs on the album were written by members of the group. New instruments, such as the sitar on "Norwegian Wood", were used, and the influence of other contemporary artists like Bob Dylan could also clearly be seen. The lyrics also showed a new maturity, as they began to explore other subjects besides romantic love.

Like other pre-Sgt. Pepper Beatles albums, "Rubber Soul" differed markedly in its US and UK configurations; indeed, through peculiarities of sequencing, the US Rubber Soul became something of a "folk-rock" album, thanks to the addition of "I've Just Seen a Face" and "It's Only Love" (leftovers from the UK "Help!") and the deletion of some of the more upbeat tracks. The tracks missing on the US version would later surface on the infamous "Yesterday and Today" collection. The US version also differs by having a "false start" at the beginning of "I'm Looking Through You." These variations have not persisted in the CD era.

Track listing (UK Version)

  1. "Drive My Car" (Lennon/McCartney)
  2. "Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)" (Lennon/McCartney)
  3. "You Won't See Me" (Lennon/McCartney)
  4. "Nowhere Man" (Lennon/McCartney)
  5. "Think For Yourself" (Harrison)
  6. "The Word" (Lennon/McCartney)
  7. "Michelle" (Lennon/McCartney)
  8. "What Goes On" (Lennon/McCartney/Starkey)
  9. "Girl" (Lennon/McCartney)
  10. "I'm Looking Through You" (Lennon/McCartney)
  11. "In My Life" (Lennon/McCartney)
  12. "Wait" (Lennon/McCartney)
  13. "If I Needed Someone" (Harrison)
  14. "Run For Your Life" (Lennon/McCartney)

External Links