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Reform Party USA
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Reform Party USA

The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA) is a political party in the United States. It is usually referred to simply as the Reform Party within the U.S.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Reform Party Presidential tickets
3 Platform
4 Related topics
5 External links


It was founded in 1995, based on the movement which grew out of Ross Perot's (almost completely self-funded) 1992 campaign to become President of the United States. It nominated Perot for president again in the 1996 election, with Pat Choate as vice-presidential candidate. He won 8% of the vote.

By the 2000 election, having been abandoned by Perot, the Party's qualification for federal election funds had made it an attractive takeover target. Both former Republican Pat Buchanan and John Hagelin of the Natural Law Party attempted to seize control of the Reform Party. A parliamentry struggle ensued with each claiming to be the official candidate.

The struggle culminated in August 2000, when Buchanan and Hagelin were selected as presidential candidates by split party committees during separate conventions in Long Beach, California. The split convention was characterized by heated arguments and even shoving matches between the Buchanan and Hagelin factions. Buchanan was ruled by the Federal Election Commission to be the official candidate and therefore eligible for the federal election funds, about $12.5 million. In the 2000 election, Buchanan and Vice-presidential running mate Ezola B. Foster received 448,895 votes, or 0.4% of the popular vote, failing to meet the 5% threshold to receive federal election funds in 2004. John Hagelin received 83,714 votes, barely 0.1% of the popular vote.

The Reform Party became notorious for several other third parties that broke away from it after 1996:

In 1998, Jesse Ventura was elected governor of the state of Minnesota on the Reform Party ticket. The Minnesota branch of the Reform Party disaffiliated itself with the national party after the Buchanan takeover and renamed itself to the Independence Party of Minnesota.

Another Reform Party split occurred in April 2002, when former Buchanan supporters left in droves to form the right-wing America First Party.

A third spinoff party is made up of dissident Reformers who became disillusioned with Perot's control over the main party after the 1996 election and chose to establish the American Reform Party.

By the October 2003 convention the Reform Party was organized in only thirty states and had ballot access for the 2004 election in only seven. At the convention, the Party chose new party officers, but did not select a presidential candidate for the 2004 election since this party still actually selects its presidential candidate at convention held in the election year. The 2004 RPUSA convention is to be held in Ohio. More than two thirds of the participants in a presidential candidate nominating session, held May 12, 2004, voted to endorse Ralph Nader. Ted Weill of Mississippi had also sought the nomination, but threw his support behind Nader when the results came out.

Reform Party Presidential tickets


The Reform Party platform includes the following:

Related topics

External links