# Ptolemaic dynasty

**Ptolemy**, one of Alexander the Great's generals, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. In 305 BC he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (saviour). The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 BC.

The dynastic history of Ptolemaic Egypt is very confusing, because all the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, and because many of them married their sisters, who were often called Cleopatra. The most famous member of the line was the last Ptolemaic queen, Cleopatra VII.

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2 Simplified Ptolemaic family tree 3 Related articles 4 External links |

## Ptolemaic rulers and consorts

The dates in brackets are regnal dates for the kings. They frequently ruled jointly with their wives, who were often also their sisters. Several queens exercised regal authority, but the most famous and successful was Cleopatra VII (51 BC-30 BC), with her two brothers and her son as successive nominal co-rulers.

- Ptolemy I Soter (305 BC-282 BC) married Eurydice, then Berenice I
- Ptolemy II Philadelphos (284 BC-246 BC) married Arsinoe I, then Arsinoe II Philadelphos; ruled jointly with Ptolemy the Son (267 BC-259 BC)
- Ptolemy III Euergetes I (246 BC-222 BC) married Berenice II
- Ptolemy IV Philopater (222 BC-204 BC) married Arsinoe III
- Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204 BC-180 BC) married Cleopatra I
- Ptolemy VI Philometor (180 BC-164 BC, (163 BC-145 BC) married Cleopatra II
- Ptolemy VII Neos Philopater (never reigned)
- Ptolemy VIII (164 BC-163 BC, (145 BC-116 BC)Euergetes II (Physcon) married Cleopatra II then Cleopatra III (Kokke)
- Cleopatra II (132 BC-124 BC) Philometora Soteira, in opposition to Ptolemy VIII
- Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II (Lathyros) (116 BC-107 BC, (88 BC-81 BC) married Cleopatra IV then Cleopatra Selene; ruled jointly with Cleopatra III in his first reign
- Ptolemy X Alexander I (107 BC-88 BC) married Cleopatra Selene then Berenice III; ruled jointly with Cleopatra III till 103 BC
- Berenice III (81 BC-80 BC)
- Ptolemy XI Alexander II (80 BC) married and ruled jointly with Berenice III
- Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes) (80 BC-58 BC, 55 BC-51 BC) and Cleopatra V Tryphaena
- Cleopatra V Tryphaena (58 BC-57 BC) ruled jointly with Berenice IV (58 BC-55 BC)
- Cleopatra VII (51 BC-30 BC) ruled jointly with Ptolemy XIII (51 BC-47 BC) then
- Arsinoe IV (49 BC-41 BC) Ruled part of the Ptolemaic Dynasty's countries and married her dear brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV
- Ptolemy XIV (47 BC-44 BC) then
- Ptolemy XV (44 BC-30 BC)

## Simplified Ptolemaic family tree

## Related articles

## External links