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Prime Minister of Spain
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Prime Minister of Spain


This article is part of the series
Politics of Spain
The Crown - Head of State
   The King / Queen
      King Juan Carlos I
Cortes Generales - Legislative branch
   Congress of Deputies
   Senate
   Regional legislatures
Government - Executive branch
   President of the Government
   Council of Ministers
   Regional governments
Judicial system - Judicial branch
   General Council of the Judicial Power
   Constitutional Court
   Supreme Court
   Regional high courts
Constitution
   1977 Political Reform Act
   1978 Constitution
   Amendments
Autonomous communities
Madrid (capital city)
The Prime Minister of Spain or President of the Government of Spain (Spanish: Presidente del Gobierno) is the head of government of Spain. He is usually referred to in English as the Prime Minister, the usual term for the head of government in a constitutional monarchy. In Spain, he is often called simply Presidente and Spaniards will often translate his title in English to President. More than once, the Spanish term has caused embarrassing errors among foreign authorities, such as referring to the "President of the Spanish Republic", by Jeffrey Bush, governor of Florida and brother of George W. Bush, President of the US.

Elections

Following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually proposed as Prime Minister by the King and elected by the National Assembly. Deputy Prime Ministers are appointed by the King on the proposal of the Prime Minister.

List of Prime Ministers of Spain

Name Took Office Party
Francisco Martínez De La Rosa January 15 1834
José María Queipo De Llano Ruiz De Saravia June 7 1835
Miguel Ricardo Alava Esquivel September 14 1835
Juan Álvarez Mendizábal September 25 1835 acting
Francisco Javier Istúriz Montero May 15 1836 acting
José María Calatrava August 14 1836
Joaquín Baldomero Fernández Espartero August 18 1837
Eusebio Bardají Azara October 18 1837
Narciso Heredia Begines December 16 1837
Bernardino Fernández De Velasco September 6 1838
Evaristo Pérez De Castro Brito December 9 1838
Antonio González July 20 1840
Valentín Ferraz August 12 1840
Modesto Cortázar August 29 1840 acting
Vicente Sancho September 11 1840
Joaquín Baldomero Fernández Espartero September 16 1840
Joaquín María Ferrer Cafranga May 10 1841
Antonio González González May 20 1841
José Ramón Rodil Campillo June 17 1842
Joaquín María López López May 9 1843
Álvaro Gómez Becerra May 19 1843
Joaquín María López López July 23 1843
Salustiano Olózaga November 20 1843
Luis González Bravo December 5 1843
Ramón María Narváez Campos May 3 1844
Manuel Pando Fernández De Pinedo February 12 1846
Ramón María Narváez Campos March 16 1846
Francisco Javier Istúriz Montero April 5 1846
Carlos Martínez De Irujo January 28 1847
Joaquín Francisco Pacheco Gutiérrez March 28 1847
Florencio García Goyena September 12 1847
Ramón María Narváez Campos October 4 1847
Serafín María De Soto October 19 1849
Ramón María Narváez Campos October 20 1849
Juan Bravo Murillo January 14 1851
Federico Roncali December 14 1852
Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea April 14 1853
Luis José Sartorius Tapia September 19 1853
Fernando Fernández De Cordova Valcárcel July 17 1854
Ángel Saavedra Ramírez De Baquedano July 18 1854
Joaquín Baldomero Fernández Espartero July 19 1854
Leopoldo O'Donnell Joris July 14 1856
Ramón María Narváez Campos October 12 1856
Francisco Armero Peñaranda October 15 1857
Francisco Javier Istúriz Montero January 14 1858
Leopoldo O'Donnell Joris June 30 1858
Manuel Pando Fernández De Pinedo March 2 1863
Lorenzo Arrazola García January 17 1864
Alejandro Mon Menéndez March 1 1864
Ramón María Narváez Campos September 16 1864
Leopoldo O'Donnell Joris June 21 1865
Ramón María Narváez Campos July 10 1866
Luis González Bravo April 23 1868
José Gutiérrez De La Concha September 19 1868
Francisco Serrano Domínguez October 3 1868
Juan Prim Prats June 18 1869
Juan Bautista Topete Carballo December 27 1870 acting
Francisco Serrano Domínguez January 4 1871
Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla July 24 1871
José Malcampo Monge October 5 1871
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta December 21 1871
Francisco Serrano Domínguez May 26 1872
Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla June 13 1872
Estanislao Figueras Moragas February 12 1873
Francisco Pi y Margall June 11 1873
Nicolás Salmerón Alonso July 18 1873
Emilio Castelar Ripoll September 7 1873
Francisco Serrano Domínguez January 2 1874
Juan Zavala De La Puente February 26 1874
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta September 3 1874
Antonio Cánovas Del Castillo December 31 1874
Joaquín Jovellar Soler September 12 1875
Antonio Cánovas Del Castillo December 2 1875
Arsenio Martínez-Campos Antón March 7 1879
Antonio Cánovas Del Castillo December 9 1879
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta February 8 1881
José De Posada Herrera October 13 1883
Antonio Cánovas Del Castillo January 18 1884
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta November 27 1885
Antonio Cánovas Del Castillo July 5 1890
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta December 11 1892
Antonio Cánovas Del Castillo March 23 1895
Marcelo Azcarraga Palmero August 8 1897 acting
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta October 4 1897
Francisco Silvela Le Vielleuze March 4 1899
Marcelo Azcarraga Palmero October 23 1900
Práxedes Mateo Sagasta Escolar March 6 1902
Francisco Silvela Le Vielleuze December 6 1902
Raimundo Fernández Villaverde July 20 1903
Antonio Maura Montaner December 5 1903
Marcelo Azcarraga Palmero December 16 1904
Raimundo Fernández Villaverde January 27 1905
Eugenio Montero Ríos June 23 1905
Segismundo Moret Prendergast December 1 1905
José López Domínguez July 6 1906
Segismundo Moret Prendergast November 30 1906
Antonio Aguilar Correa December 4 1906
Antonio Maura Montaner January 25 1907
Segismundo Moret Prendergast October 21 1909
José Canalejas Méndez February 9 1910
Manuel García Prieto November 12 1912 acting
Álvaro Figueroa Torres November 14 1912
Eduardo Dato Iradier October 27 1913
Álvaro Figueroa Torres December 9 1915
Manuel García Prieto April 19 1917
Eduardo Dato Iradier June 11 1917
Manuel García Prieto November 3 1917
Antonio Maura Montaner March 22 1918
Manuel García Prieto November 9 1918
Álvaro Figueroa Torres December 5 1918
Antonio Maura Montaner April 15 1919
Joaquín Sánchez de Toca Calvo July 20 1919
Manuel Allendesalazar Muñoz de Salazar December 12 1919
Eduardo Dato Iradier May 5 1920
Gabino Bugallal Araujo March 8 1921 acting
Manuel Allendesalazar Muñoz de Salazar March 13 1921
Antonio Maura Montaner August 14 1921
José Sánchez-Guerra Martínez March 8 1922
Manuel García Prieto December 7 1922
Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja September 15 1923
Dámaso Berenguer Fusté January 30 1930
Juan Bautista Aznar Cabañas February 18 1931
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora Torres April 14 1931 PRC
Manuel Azaña Díaz October 14 1931 AR
Alejandro Lerroux García September 12 1933 PRR
Diego Martínez Barrio October 8 1933 PRR
Alejandro Lerroux García December 16 1933 PRR
Ricardo Samper Ibáñez April 28 1934 PRR
Alejandro Lerroux García October 4 1934 PRR
Joaquín Chapaprieta Torregrosa September 25 1935 independent
Manuel Portela Valladares December 14 1935 independent
Manuel Azaña Díaz February 19 1936 IR
Augusto Barcia Trelles May 10 1936 IR
Santiago Casares Quiroga May 13 1936 IR
Diego Martínez Barrio July 19 1936 UR
José Giral Pereira July 19 1936 IR
Francisco Largo Caballero September 4 1936 PSOE
Juan Negrín López May 17 1937 PSOE
Francisco Franco Bahamonde January 30 1938 military
Luis Carrero Blanco June 8 1973 military
Torcuato Fernández-Miranda Hevia December 20 1973 military (acting)
Carlos Arias Navarro December 29 1973 military (acting)
Fernando de Santiago y Díaz de Mendívil July 1 1976 military (acting)
Adolfo Suárez González July 3 1976 UCD
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo Bustelo February 25 1981 UCD
Felipe González Márquez December 1 1982 PSOE
José María Aznar López May 4 1996 PP
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero April 17, 2004 PSOE

See also