# Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica

The ** Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica** (Latin: "mathematical principles of natural philosophy", often

*Principia*or

*Principia Mathematica*for short) is a three-volume work by Isaac Newton published on July 5, 1687. Probably the most influential scientific book ever published, it contains the statement of Newton's laws of motion forming the foundation of classical mechanics as well as his law of universal gravitation. He derives Kepler's laws for the motion of the planets (which were first obtained empirically).

In formulating his physical theories, Newton had developed a field of mathematics known as calculus. However, the language of calculus was largely left out of the *Principia.* Instead, Newton recast the majority of his proofs as geometric arguments.

It is in the *Principia* that Newton expressed his famous *Hypotheses non fingo* ("I feign no hypotheses", that is, "I do not assert that any hypotheses are true"). Here is the passage containing this famous remark:

- I have not as yet been able to discover the reason for these properties of gravity from phenomena, and I do not feign hypotheses. For whatever is not deduced from the phenomena must be called a hypothesis; and hypotheses, whether metaphysical or physical, or based on occult qualities, or mechanical, have no place in experimental philosophy. In this philosophy particular propositions are inferred from the phenomena, and afterwards rendered general by induction.''

*Of The Motion Of Bodies**Of The Motion Of Bodies (contd.)**The System Of The World*

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## Location of copies

Many national rare book collections contain original copies of Newton's*Principia Mathematica*. Notable examples are

- The Wren Library in Trinity College Cambridge, has Newton's own copy of the first edition, with hand written notes for the second edition.
- The Whipple Museum of the History of Science in Cambridge has a first edition copy which used to belong to Robert Hooke
- The Pepys Library in Magdalene College Cambridge, has Samuel Pepys' copy of the third edition.

## See also

Whitehead and Russell's*Principia Mathematica*

## External link

- Burndy Library online editions