Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Nashville, Tennessee
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Nashville, Tennessee

For other cities named Nashville, see Nashville (disambiguation).

Nashville is the capital city of Tennessee, a state of the United States of America. As of the 2000 census, it has a population of 569,891. It is the county seat of Davidson County. Founded on Christmas Day of 1779, it was named in honor of Francis Nash, and slightly later became the trailhead of the Natchez Trace.

Table of contents
1 About Nashville
2 History
3 Geography
4 Demographics
5 Events & Organizations
6 External links

About Nashville

Nashville is located on the Cumberland River. Nicknamed "Music City, U.S.A.," it is the home of the Grand Ole Opry and a major recording center. Its largest industry, however, is actually insurance and finance, followed by publishing. Religious publishing is a significant part of this, and the city also hosts headquarters operations for several Protestant denominations, the largest of which is the Southern Baptist Convention. Nashville is also a major center for healthcare enterprise, and home to Hospital Corporation of America, the largest private operator of hospitals in the world.

Many popular tourist sites involve country music, including the Country Music Hall of Fame, and the Ryman Auditorium, which was for many years the site of the Grand Ole Opry. Each year, the Country Music Association's Fan Fair brings many thousands of country fans to the city.

Other popular destinations include Fort Nashborough, a reconstruction of the original settlement; the Tennessee State Museum; and the Parthenon, a full-scale replica of the original Parthenon in Athens, Greece. The graceful state capitol is one of the oldest working state capitol buildings in the nation, while The Hermitage is one of the older presidential homes open to the public. The Nashville Zoo is one of the city's newer attractions.

Civil War history is also important to the city's tourism industry. Sites pertaining to the Battle of Nashville and the nearby Battle of Franklin can be seen, along with several well-preserved antebellum plantation houses such as Belle Meade Plantation and Belmont Mansion.

Nashville has several professional sports teams, including the Nashville Predators (National Hockey League), the Nashville Sounds (minor league baseball), and the Tennessee Titans (National Football League). The Titans franchise was formerly the Houston Oilers of Houston, Texas, until moving in after the new stadium in Nashville (hit by a tornado during construction) was completed.

Nashville has several arts centers and museums, including the Frist Center for the Visual Arts, located in what was formerly the main post office; Cheekwood Botanical Garden and Museum of Art; Fisk University's Van Vechten and Aaron Douglas Galleries; and the Parthenon itself. Nashville is also the home of the Tennessee Performing Arts Center, where the Tennessee Repertory Theatre makes its home.

Nashville is also the home of Vanderbilt University, Tennessee State University, Belmont University, Lipscomb University, Trevecca Nazarene University, and Meharry Medical College, and several other institutions of higher learning including Nashville State, a junior college. The city is served by Nashville International Airport.

The primary news source in Nashville is the Tennessean daily newspaper. Another daily paper, the Nashville Banner ceased publication in the 1990s, but a new daily, the Nashville City Paper has since been started.

Nashville has a rivalry of sorts with the town of Branson, Missouri, the reason being Branson's status as a competing country-music themed tourist destination.

History

In the early-to-mid-19th century, three U.S. presidents came from Tennessee and all were closely associated with Nashville—James Knox Polk, Andrew Jackson, and Andrew Johnson. Jackson's home, "The Hermitage", remains on the east side of Nashville.

In the 20th century, several politicans from the Middle Tennessee area influenced the national scene, including Cordell Hull, Estes Kefauver, Albert Gore, Sr, and Albert Gore, Jr.

The Great Train Wreck of 1918 occurred on July 9, 1918 in Nashville when an inbound local train collided with an outbound express, killing 101.

Tennessee was the state that put the 19th Amendment, allowing women to vote, over the top, and the ratification struggle convulsed the city in August, 1920.

On March 1, 1941 W47NV (now known as WSM-FM) began operations in Nashville becoming the first FM radio station.

The city played a prominent part in the civil rights movement; particularly important were the Nashville sit-ins of 1960.

Nashville has had a metropolitan government of a consolidated city-county since 1963, and was one of the first large U.S. cities to adopt this structure.

The 1998 tornado struck the downtown area on April 16 at around 3:30pm, causing serious damage and blowing out hundreds of windows from skyscrapers, raining shattered glass on the streets and closing the business district for nearly four days. Over 300 homes were damaged, and three cranes at the then-incomplete Tennessee Titans stadium were toppled. It was one of the most serious urban tornados on record in the U.S.

As the 21st century opened, another Nashvillian rose to national political prominence when Dr. Bill Frist, formerly a transplant surgeon at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center, became majority leader of the U.S. Senate.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1,362.6 km² (526.1 mi²). 1,300.8 km² (502.3 mi²) of it is land and 61.8 km² (23.9 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 4.53% water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there are 569,891 people, 237,405 households, and 138,169 families residing in the city. The population density is 438.1/km² (1,134.6/mi²). There are 252,977 housing units at an average density of 194.5/km² (503.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 66.99% White, 25.92% African American, 0.29% Native American, 2.33% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.42% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. 4.58% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 237,405 households out of which 26.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% are married couples living together, 14.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% are non-families. 33.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.30 and the average family size is 2.96.

In the city the population is spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $39,797, and the median income for a family is $49,317. Males have a median income of $33,844 versus $27,770 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,069. 13.0% of the population and 10.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 19.1% are under the age of 18 and 10.5% are 65 or older.

Events & Organizations

External links

Regions of Tennessee
East Tennessee | Middle Tennessee | West Tennessee | Blue Ridge Mountains | Ridge-and-valley Appalachians | Cumberland Plateau | Highland Rim | Nashville Basin | Gulf Coastal Plain
Nashville metropolitan area | Memphis metropolitan area
Largest Cities
Bartlett | Brentwood | Bristol | Chattanooga | Clarksville | Cleveland | Cookeville | Franklin | Germantown | Hendersonville | Jackson | Johnson City | Kingsport | Knoxville | Memphis | Morristown | Murfreesboro | Nashville | Oak Ridge | Smyrna
Counties
Anderson | Bedford | Benton | Bledsoe | Blount | Bradley | Campbell | Cannon | Carroll | Carter | Cheatham | Chester | Clairborne | Clay | Cocke | Coffee | Crockett | Cumberland | Davidson | Decatur | DeKalb | Dickson | Dyer | Fayette | Fentress | Franklin | Gibson | Giles | Grainger | Greene | Grundy | Hamblen | Hamilton | Hancock | Hardeman | Hardin | Hawkins | Haywood | Henderson | Henry | Hickman | Houston | Humphreys | Jackson | Jefferson | Johnson | Knox | Lake | Lauderdale | Lawrence | Lewis | Lincoln | Loudon | Macon | Madison | Marion | Marshall | Maury | McMinn | McNairy | Meigs | Monroe | Montgomery | Moore | Morgan | Obion | Overton | Perry | Pickett | Polk | Putnam | Rhea | Roane | Robertson | Rutherford | Scott | Sequatchie | Sevier | Shelby | Smith | Stewart | Sullivan | Sumner | Tipton | Trousdale | Unicoi | Union | Van Buren | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Weakley | White | Williamson | Wilson