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Mývatn
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Mývatn

The lake Mývatn (Icelandic "mý" = fly, "vatn" = lake; the lake of flies) is situated in the north of Iceland, not far from Krafla volcano.

The name of the lake comes from the lot of flies to be found there in the summer. The multitude of different ducks are feeding from them, so ornithologists love the area whose name is also Mývatn.

It is situated at about 50 km to the south of Húsavík and its surface is measuring 37 km˛. It is not very deep, its greatest depth being only 4,5m.

Since the year 2000, a marathon around the lake is held here in summer.

Table of contents
1 Volcanism
2 See also:
3 External links

Volcanism

Tourism is a growing industry here like in the rest of Iceland. Tourists prefer the Mývatn especially because of the lava formations which can be found in a great variety at its shores.

In the lake itself, there are the pseudo craters of Skútustađir. They did not emit lava themselves, but origin from explosions when lava entered the water of the lake.

Not far from the lake, there is the strato volcano Hverfjall (or Hverfell). It is possible to hike up to its top, from where the view over the landscape is remarkable as well as from the peak of the mountain Vindbergjarfjall Below lies the area of "dark castles" (Dimmuborgir), nice lava formations but which are endangered by the multitude of tourists visiting them. Two caves with hot springs (Grjótagjá and Stóragjá) had been used as swimming pools in former times, but this is no more possible, because of the growing heat and bacteria.

Like in the region of Ţingvellir, the continental drift between the European and the American continents can be seen in some fissures. One of them is 20 km long and the growing distance since the 80ies may be observed at a mark placed by scientists.

During the so-called Mývatn fires, a volcanic eruption of the Krafla in the 18th century, the small village of Reykjahlíđ had been touched by a near catastrophy. Only because the people where in the church at the moment, which lies higher than the rest of the village, they didn't perish in a lava stream. The new church dates from 1962.

Further interesting volcanic phenoma can be seen at the near-by active volcanoKrafla .

Because of the volcanic origin, there are silica quarries at the lake.

See also:

External links

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