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This article is part of the
Hats and Headgear series:
Overview of headgear
Hats; Bonnets; Caps
Hoods; Helmets; Wigs
Masks; Veils; Scarves
Tiaras; Crowns
List of hats and headgear

The mitre or miter is a traditional, ceremonial head-dress of bishops in the Christian Church. In its modern form in the Western rite it is a tall folding cap, consisting of two similar parts (the front and back) rising to a peak and sewn together at the sides. Two short lappets always hang down from the back. In the Eastern rites, it appears in the shape of an onion dome, often richly decorated with jewels and brocade and topped by a cross. The Eastern mitre does not have lappets.

The right to wear the mitre is, by the canon law of the Roman Catholic church, confined to the pope, cardinals and bishops - though by papal privilege it may be worn by others such as abbots. In the Eastern rites, it is properly worn by the bishop, but may be awarded to archpriests and archimandrites.

The bishop in chess is represented by a mitre.

See also: mitre (headdress) for the headband worn by women in ancient Greece.

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