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Maryland
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Maryland

Alternate uses: Maryland (disambiguation)

Maryland
(In Detail) (Full size)
State nickname: Old Line State; Free State Governor: Robert L. Ehrlich

Other U.S. States
Capital Annapolis
Largest City Baltimore
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 42nd
32,160 km²
25,338 km²
6,968 km²
21%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 19th
5,296,486
165/km²
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

7th
April 28, 1788
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Latitude
Longitude
37°53'N to 39°43'N
75°4'W to 79°33'W
Width
Length
Elevation
  - Highest
  - Mean
  - Lowest
145 km
400 km
 
1,024 meters
105 meters
0 meters
FIPS Code:24
ISO 3166-2:US-MD

Maryland (MD) is a state in the east of the United States. Its U.S. postal abbreviation is MD. Its Associated Press abbreviation is Md.

USS Maryland was named in honor of this state.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Law and Government
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Military facilities
6 Transit
7 Demographics
8 Important cities and towns
9 Counties
10 Famous Marylanders
11 Education
12 Professional sports teams
13 Miscellaneous information
14 External links

History

The English colony of Maryland was founded by Lord Baltimore who on March 25, 1634 led the first settlers into this area which would soon become one of the few dominantly Catholic regions among the English colonies in America. The Maryland toleration act was one of the first laws that explicitly tolerated varieties of religion (as long as it was Christian), and is sometimes seen as a precursor to the First Amendment.

Originally, based on an incorrect map, the royal charter granted Maryland the Potomac River and territory northward to the fortieth parallel. This was found to be a problem, because the northern boundary would put Philadelphia, the major city in Pennsylvania, within Maryland. The Calvert family, which controlled Maryland, and the Penn family, which controlled Pennsylvania, engaged two surveyors, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, to survey what became known as the Mason-Dixon line which would form the boundary between their two colonies.

St. Mary's City was the largest site of the original Maryland colony, and was the seat of state government until just before the beginning of the 18th century (when the government was moved to Annapolis). The government was moved at about the same time as the persecution of Maryland Catholics by Puritans from Virginia; during the persecutions, all of the original Catholic churches of southern Maryland were burned down. St Mary's City is now an archaelogical site, with a small tourist center.

Maryland was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. See: Annapolis Convention.

Maryland remained largely neutral in the United States Civil War. As it did not secede (in part due to precautions taken by the government in Washington, D.C), it was not included under the Emancipation Proclamation and retained legal slavery until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865.

Law and Government

As in all fifty states, the head of the executive branch of government is a Governor. The legislative branch is called the General Assembly, and consists of a 47-member Senate and a 141-member House of Delegates. See:List of Maryland Governors

Geography

See: List of Maryland counties, List of Maryland rivers

Maryland is bounded on the north by Pennsylvania, on the west by West Virginia, on the east by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean, and on the south, across the Potomac River, by Virginia. It shares a border near the center of the state along the Potomac with Washington, DC. Chesapeake Bay nearly bisects the state, and the counties east of the Bay are known collectively as the Eastern Shore. A portion of extreme western Maryland in Garrett County is drained by the Youghiogheny River as part of the watershed of the Mississippi River. The highest point in Maryland is Backbone Mountain, which is the southwest corner of Garrett County, right near the border with West Virginia near the headwaters of the North Branch of the Potomac.

Economy

Military facilities

Transit

Maryland's major Interstate Highways include I-95, which enters the northeast portion of the state, goes through
Baltimore, and becomes the Capital Beltway to the Woodow Wilson Bridge. I-68 connects the western portions of the state to Frederick, and I-70 connects Frederick with Baltimore.

Maryland's main airport is Baltimore-Washington International Airport (formerly known as Friendship Airport). The Maryland suburbs of Washington, D.C. are also serviced by the other two airports in the region, Reagan National and Dulles International Airports, both in Virginia.

Amtrak Trains serve Baltimore along the Northeast Corridor. MARC trains, operated by the State's Transit Authority, connect nearby Washington, D.C and Baltimore, and other towns.

Demographics

As of 2000, the state's population was 5,296,486.

Important cities and towns

Counties

Famous Marylanders

See List of people from Maryland

Education

Colleges and universities

Professional sports teams

Miscellaneous information

  • State cat: calico cat
  • State tree: Wye Oak (a very old White oak)
  • State song: "Maryland, My Maryland."
  • Nicknames: "The Old Line State" and "The Free State."
  • Maryland is about a mile wide around the town of Hancock, making it the narrowest state.
  • Little-known fact: Maryland is larger than the entire African country of Lesotho.

External links

Regions of Maryland
Western | Southern | Eastern Shore | Baltimore-Washington Metro Area | Chesapeake | Delaware Valley
Largest Cities
Annapolis | Baltimore | Bowie | College Park | Columbia | Cumberland | Frederick | Gaithersburg | Greenbelt | Hagerstown | Rockville | Salisbury | Suitland | Takoma Park | Towson | Waldorf | Westminster | Wheaton | White Oak | Woodlawn
Counties
Allegany | Anne Arundel | Baltimore City | Baltimore County | Calvert | Caroline | Carroll | Cecil | Charles | Dorchester | Frederick | Garrett | Harford | Howard | Kent | Montgomery | Prince George's | Queen Anne's | St. Mary's | Somerset | Talbot | Washington | Wicomico | Worcester

[ Edit {}] Political divisions of the United States
States Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming
Federal district; District of Columbia
Insular areas; American Samoa | Baker Island | Guam | Howland Island | Jarvis Island | Johnston Atoll | Kingman Reef | Midway Atoll | Navassa Island | Northern Mariana Islands | Palmyra Atoll | Puerto Rico | Virgin Islands | Wake Island