Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Madagascar
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Madagascar

Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa. Madagascar is the 4th largest island in the world.

Republique de Madagascar
Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
coat of arms
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Tanindrazana, Fahafahana, Fandrosoana
(Fatherland, Liberty, Justice)
Official language French, Malagasy
Capital Antananarivo
Capital's coordinates 18° 55' S, 47° 31' E
President Marc Ravalomanana
Prime Minister Jacques Sylla
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 45th
587,040 km²
0.9%
Population
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 56th
15,506,472
26.4/km²
GDP (PPP)
 - Total (Year)
 - GDP/head
Ranked 123rd
$12,590 million
$800
Currency Malagasy franc (FMG)
Time zone UTC +3
Independence 26 June, 1960, from France
National anthem Ry Tanindraza nay malala ô (Oh, Our Beloved Fatherland)
Internet TLD .MG
Calling Code261

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Provinces
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics

History

Main article: History of Madagascar

The first human settlement in Madagascar probably dates from the fourth century CE. From 1896 to 1960 the island was under French rule.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Madagascar

Provinces

Main article: Provinces of Madagascar

Madagascar has six provinces, each named for their capital. They are Antananarivo province, Antsiranana province, Fianarantsoa province, Mahajanga province, Toamasina province and Toliara province.

Geography

Main article: Geography of Madagascar

Economy

Main article: Economy of Madagascar

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Madagascar

Culture

Main article: Culture of Madagascar

Miscellaneous topics


[ Edit {}] Countries in Africa
Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Republic of the Congo | Côte d'Ivoire | Djibouti | Egypt¹ | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | The Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | São Tomé and Príncipe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | South Africa | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Zambia | Zimbabwe
Other areas: Canary Islands | Madeira Islands | Mayotte | Réunion | Saint Helena | Western Sahara