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Lufthansa is the name of the largest German airline company, headquartered in Cologne. Their main base at Frankfurt International Airport in Frankfurt am Main which is also Lufthansa's primary traffic hub. The company has developed a second hub at Munich's Franz Josef Strauß International Airport.

The Name Lufthansa derives from "Luft"- (The German word for "air) and -"Hansa", (The old Hanseatic trade organization that ruled large parts of Northern Europe during the medieval times.)

Lufthansa is a founding member of Star Alliance, one of the world's major airline alliances. Currently, the Lufthansa Group operates more than 300 aircraft. It uses the IATA designator LH.

The company was founded in 1926, following a merger between "Deutsche Aero Lloyd" (DAL) and "Junkers Luftverkehr" on January 6 of that year. The original spelling of the company's long name was Deutsche Luft Hansa Aktiengesellschaft.

In the 1950s, the communist-controlled East Germany attempted to establish its own airline using the Lufthansa name, but this resulted in a dispute with West Germany, where the airline had been already re-established after the Second World War. East Germany instead called its national airline Interflug, which ceased operations in 1991. Lufthansa was also banned from flying into West Berlin until the demise of the communist regime.

See also: Condor

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Members of the Star Alliance
Air Canada | Air New Zealand | ANA | Asiana Airlines | Austrian Airlines | bmi | LOT Polish Airlines
Lufthansa | SAS | Singapore Airlines | Spanair | Thai Airways | United Airlines | US Airways | Varig
Future Members: Blue1 | South African Airways | TAP Air Portugal

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