Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
List of Reichstag participants (1792)
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

List of Reichstag participants (1792)

The Holy Roman Empire was one of the strangest political structures in the world. Although in the earlier part of the Middle Ages, under the Salian and Hohenstaufen emperors, it was relatively centralized, as time went on the Emperor lost more and more power to the Princes. This article will attempt to sort out, to some extent, the political structure of the Empire, and list the various states it consisted of.

Table of contents
1 Structure of the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire in 1792
2 Related Articles

Structure of the Diet of the Holy Roman Empire in 1792

1792, before the vast changes inspired by the French Revolutionary incursions into Germany, is a good year to look at and examine the structure of the Empire. The empire was, at this time, divided into several thousand immediate (unmittelbar) territories, but only about three hundred of these had Landeshoheit (the special sort of sovereignty enjoyed by the states of the Empire), and had representation in the Reichstag (Imperial Diet). The Imperial Diet was divided into three so-called collegia - the Council of Electors, the Council of Princes, and the Council of Cities. As who had votes had gradually changed over the centuries, many princes held more than one vote, as will be indicated. It also ought to be noted that certain territories which had once held votes in the diet, as for instance the County of Waldeck or the Duchy of Jülich-Kleve-Berg, due to the extinction of an old dynasty, or for other reasons.

The Council of Electors

  1. The King of Bohemia (also Archduke of Austria and King of Hungary)
  2. The Archbishop of Mainz
  3. The Archbishop of Cologne
  4. The Archbishop of Trier
  5. The Count Palatine of the Rhine (also Duke of Bavaria)
  6. The Duke of Saxony
  7. The Margrave of Brandenburg (also King of Prussia)
  8. The Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (called Elector of Hanover, also King of Great Britain)

The Council of Princes

[Note, this is ordered based on the official order of voting in the Diet]

The Ecclesiastical Bench
  1. The Archbishop of Salzburg
  2. The Archbishop of Besançon
  3. The Grand Master of the Teutonic Order
  4. The Bishop of Bamberg
  5. The Bishop of Würzburg
  6. The Bishop of Worms
  7. The Bishop of Eichstädt
  8. The Bishop of Speyer
  9. The Bishop of Strassburg
  10. The Bishop of Konstanz
  11. The Bishop of Augsburg
  12. The Bishop of Hildesheim
  13. The Bishop of Paderborn
  14. The Bishop of Freising
  15. The Bishop of Regensburg
  16. The Bishop of Passau
  17. The Bishop of Trent
  18. The Bishop of Brixen
  19. The Bishop of Basel
  20. The Bishop of Münster
  21. The Bishop of Osnabrück (notable as, after 1648, it alternated between Protestant and Catholic incumbents)
  22. The Bishop of Liège
  23. The Bishop of Lübeck
  24. The Bishop of Chur
  25. The Bishop of Fulda
  26. The Abbott of Kempten
  27. The Provost of Ellwangen
  28. The Grand Master of the Order of St. John
  29. The Prior of Berchtesgaden
  30. The Abbott of Weissenburg
  31. The Abbott of Prüm
  32. The Abbott of Stablo
  33. The Abbot of Corvey
  34. A single vote for the College of the Prelates of Swabia
  35. A single vote for the College of the Prelates of the Rhine
These last two were groups of lesser abbotts, who together had a joint vote. Unlike those who had a full vote, they were not considered fully sovereign.
The Secular Bench
  1. The Duke of Bavaria (the Elector of Bavaria)
  2. The Duke of Magdeburg (also King of Prussia)
  3. The Count Palatine of Kaiserslautern (also the Elector of Bavaria)
  4. The Count Palatine of Simmern (also the Elector of Bavaria)
  5. The Count Palatine of Neuburg (also the Elector of Bavaria)
  6. The Duke of Bremen (also the Elector of Hanover)
  7. The Duke of Zweibrücken
  8. The Count Palatine of Veldenz (also the Elector of Bavaria)
  9. The Duke of Saxe-Weimar
  10. The Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (also Duke of Saxe-Weimar)
  11. The Duke of Saxe-Coburg
  12. The Duke of Saxe-Gotha
  13. The Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (also Duke of Saxe-Gotha)
  14. The Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (also King of Prussia)
  15. The Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (also King of Prussia)
  16. The Duke of Brunswick-Celle (also Elector of Hanover)
  17. The Duke of Brunswick-Kalenberg (also Elector of Hanover)
  18. The Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (also Elector of Hanover)
  19. The Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
  20. The Prince of Halberstadt (also King of Prussia)
  21. The Duke of Lower Pomerania (also King of Prussia)
  22. The Duke of Upper Pomerania (also King of Sweden)
  23. The Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  24. The Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (also Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
  25. The Duke of Württemberg
  26. The Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
  27. The Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
  28. The Margrave of Baden-Baden (the Margrave of Baden)
  29. The Margrave of Baden-Durlach (the Margrave of Baden)
  30. The Prince of Verden (also Elector of Hanover)
  31. The Margrave of Baden-Hochberg (the Margrave of Baden)
  32. The Duke of Holstein-Gluckstädt (also King of Denmark)
  33. The Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (also Elector of Hanover)
  34. The Prince of Minden (also King of Prussia)
  35. The Duke of Holstein-Gottorp-Oldenburg
  36. The Duke of Savoy (also King of Sardinia)
  37. The Landgrave of Leuchtenberg (also Elector of Bavaria)
  38. The Prince of Anhalt (actually, there were four Prince of Anhalt at this time, who split the vote - the Princes of Anhalt-Zerbst, Anhalt-Dessau, Anhalt-Bernburg, and Anhalt-Köthen
  39. The Princely Count of Henneberg (this vote was divided among the various branches of the House of Wettin, including the Elector of Saxony, the Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and the Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg)
  40. The Prince of Schwerin (also Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
  41. The Prince of Kammin (also King of Prussia)
  42. The Prince of Ratzeburg (also Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz)
  43. The Prince of Hersfeld (also Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel)
  44. The Prince of Nomény (to the House of Lorraine. After 1780 also King of Bohemia, etc.)
  45. The Prince of Mömpelgard (also Duke of Württemberg)
  46. The Duke of Arenberg
  47. The Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
  48. The Prince of Lobkowitz
  49. The Prince of Salm (actually, there were two branches of this family , who split the vote - the Prince of Salm-Salm and the Prince of Salm-Kyrburg)
  50. The Prince of Dietrichstein
  51. The Prince of Nassau-Hadamar (also Prince of Orange and Stadtholder of the United Provinces)
  52. The Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg (also Prince of Orange)
  53. The Prince of Auersperg
  54. The Prince of East Friesland (also King of Prussia)
  55. The Prince of Fürstenberg
  56. The Prince of Schwarzenberg
  57. The Prince of Thurn und Taxis
  58. The Prince of Schwarzburg (divided into two branches, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen)
  59. A single vote for the College of the Counts of Swabia
  60. A single vote for the College of the Counts of the Wetterau
  61. A single vote for the College of the Counts of Franconia
  62. A single vote for the College of the Counts of Westphalia

The Council of Cities

The Council of
Imperial Free Cities was not actually equal to the others - its vote was only advisory. In 1792, there were 51 Free Cities. (This list will divide up the cities among the Imperial Circles into which they were distributed.)

Circle of Bavaria

  1. Regensburg
Circle of Franconia
  1. Nuremberg
  2. Rothenburg
  3. Windsheim
  4. Schweinfurt
  5. Weissenburg-im-Nordgau
Circle of the Lower Rhine-Westphalia
  1. Cologne
  2. Aachen
  3. Dortmund
Circle of Lower Saxony
  1. Lübeck
  2. Goslar
  3. Mühlhausen
  4. Hamburg
  5. Bremen
  6. Nordhausen
Circle of the Upper Rhine
  1. Worms
  2. Speyer
  3. Frankfurt am Main
  4. Friedberg
  5. Wetzlar
Circle of Swabia
  1. Augsburg
  2. Ulm
  3. Esslingen
  4. Reutlingen
  5. Nördlingen
  6. Schwäbisch Hall
  7. Ueberlingen
  8. Rottweil
  9. Heilbronn
  10. Schwäbisch Gmund
  11. Memmingen
  12. Lindau
  13. Dinkelsbuhl
  14. Biberach
  15. Ravensburg
  16. Kempten
  17. Kaufbeuern
  18. Weil
  19. Wangen
  20. Isny
  21. Leutkirchen
  22. Wimpfen
  23. Giengen
  24. Pfullendorf
  25. Buchhorn
  26. Aalen
  27. Bopfingen
  28. Buchau
  29. Offenburg
  30. Gengenbach
  31. Zell

The Prelates of Swabia

The Prelates of the Rhine

The Counts of the Wetterau

The Counts of Swabia

The Counts of Franconia

The Counts of Westphalia

Related Articles