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List of Presidents of Costa Rica
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List of Presidents of Costa Rica

The following table contains a list of the presidents and heads of state of Costa Rica since Central American independence from Spain and Mexico. From 1823 to 1839 Costa Rica was a state within the United States of Central America; since then it has been an independent nation.

See also: Politics of Costa Rica, List of political parties in Costa Rica, History of Costa Rica

Heads of State of Costa Rica   Term     Party   Notes

Juan Mora Fernández 1825-1833 Two successive periods; re-elected in 1828.

José Rafael de Gallegos y Alvarado 1833-1835 First term.

Braulio Carrillo Colina 1835-1837 First term.

Manuel Aguilar Chacón 1837-1838

Braulio Carrillo Colina 1838-1842 Second term.

Francisco Morazán Quesada Apr-Sep 1842 Executed/assassinated 15 September 1842.

José María Alfaro Zamora 1842-1844 First term.

Francisco María Oreamuno Bonilla Nov-Dec 1844

Rafael Mora Murillo 1844

José Rafael de Gallegos y Alvarado 1845-1846 Second term.

José María Alfaro Zamora 1846-1847 Second term.

José María Castro Madriz 1847-1848

Presidents of the Republic of Costa Rica   Term     Party   Notes

José María Castro Madriz 1848-1849 "Founder of the Republic". First presidential term.

Juan Rafael Mora Porras 1849-1859

José María Montealegre Fernández 1859-1863

Jesús Jiménez Zamora 1863-1866 First term.

José María Castro Madriz 1866-1868 Second presidential term.

Jesús Jiménez Zamora 1868-1870 Second term.

Bruno Carranza Ramírez Apr-Aug 1870 Coup d'état.

Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez 1870-1876 First term.

Aniceto Esquivel Sáenz May-Jul 1876 Coup d'état.

Vicente Herrera Zeledón 1876-1877

Tomás Guardia Gutiérrez 1877-1882 Second term.

Próspero Fernández Oreamuno 1882-1885 Died in office.

Bernardo Soto Alfaro 1885-1889 Elected in his own right in 1886; resigned 1889.

Carlos Durán Cartín 1889-1890

José Joaquín Rodríguez Zeledón 1890-1894

Rafael Yglesias Castro 1894-1902 Two consecutive terms.

Ascensión Esquivel Ibarra 1902-1906

Cleto González Víquez 1906-1910 First term.

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno 1910-1914 Son of Jesús Jiménez Zamora. First term.

Alfredo González Flores 1914-1917 Deposed by Tinoco in a coup.

Federico Tinoco Granados 1917-1919 Military dictatorship. Overthrown by popular uprising.

Juan Bautista Quirós Segura Aug-Sep 1919 Interim president.

Francisco Aguilar Barquero 1919-1920 Interim presidency; dictatorial powers.

Julio Acosta García 1920-1924

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno 1924-1928 Second term.

Cleto González Víquez 1928-1932 Second term.

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno 1932-1936 Third term.

León Cortés Castro 1936-1940

Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia 1940-1944

Teodoro Picado Michalski 1944-1948 Deposed.

José Figueres Ferrer 1948-1949 PLN Came to power in popular uprising, civil war. First term.

Luis Rafael Otilio Ulate Blanco 1949-1953

José Figueres Ferrer 1953-1958 PLN Second term.

Mario Echandi Jiménez 1958-1962

Francisco Orlich Bolmarcich 1962-1966 PLN

José Joaquín Trejos Fernández 1966-1970

José Figueres Ferrer 1970-1974 PLN Third term.

Daniel Oduber Quirós 1974-1978 PLN

Rodrigo Alberto Carazo Odio 1978-1982 Unidad

Luis Alberto Monge Álvarez 1982-1986 PLN

Óscar Arias Sánchez 1986-1990 PLN Nobel Peace Prize winner 1987.

Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier 1990-1994 PUSC Son of Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia.

José María Figueres Olsen 1994-1998 PLN Son of José Figueres Ferrer.

Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Echeverría 1998-2002 PUSC

Abel Pacheco de la Espriella 2002-2006 PUSC