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List of National Historic Sites of Canada
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List of National Historic Sites of Canada

The National Historic Sites of Canada component of Parks Canada is responsible for Canada's programme of historical commemoration, which recognizes nationally significant places, persons and events. All such designations are made by the Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.

List of National Historic Sites of Canada by Province:

Table of contents
1 Alberta
2 British Columbia
3 Manitoba
4 New Brunswick
5 Newfoundland and Labrador
6 Nova Scotia
7 Ontario
8 Prince Edward Island
9 Quebec
10 Saskatchewan
11 Yukon Territory
12 Heritage places and exhibits

Alberta

Early stone alpine cabin used by climbers, 1922

Major fur trade transportation route

Early natural history museum in Rustic style, 1902-03

Historic ranch in Alberta foothills, 1883

Hot springs, birthplace of national parks

First commercially productive oil well in the West

Site of Cree uprising, 1885

Site of North West Company post, 1811-30s

First crossed by David Thompson in 1807

Archaeological remains of 1829 fur trade post

Picturesque fieldstone park building of Rustic design, 1913-14

Rival Hudson's Bay Company and North West Company posts

Ski lodge in rustic vernacular, 1930-31

Remains of high altitude geophysical laboratory

Transportation route through Rocky Mountains

British Columbia

Transportation route to Klondike gold fields

First permanent lighthouse on Canada's West Coast, 1859-60

Early 19th-century Hudson's Bay Company post

Late 19th-century fort to defend Victoria-Esquimalt fortifications

Fur trade post founded by Simon Fraser, 1806

Outstanding West Coast fish processing complex, 1894

Traversed by Palliser expedition, 1857-60

Tsimshian village

Remains of Haïda longhouses and totem poles

Canadian Pacific Railway route through Selkirk Mountains

Outstanding large urban park, 1890s

Early rustic tea house in Yoho National Park, 1923-24

Manitoba

Aboriginal burial mounds from 1000-1200 AD

Major centre in 19th-century fur trade

18th-century stone fur trade fort on Hudson Bay

Three rustic buildings built under depression relief programs

Family home of Métis leader Louis Riel

Example of mid 19th-century Red River architecture, 1852-1854

Historic meeting place, junction of the Red and Assiniboine rivers

Hudson's Bay Company's principal fur trade depot from 1684-1870s

New Brunswick

Archaeological site associated with nineteenth-century shipbuilding

Acadian refugee settlement, 1756-59

Fortification built to defend Saint John during War of 1812

Remnants of 1751 French fort

Military ruins and cemetery of 1751 French fort

Site may represent 18th-century Acadian construction

Multi-function building, symbol of Acadian cultural revival

Restored wooden blockhouse from War of 1812

Newfoundland and Labrador

Oldest surviving lighthouse in Newfoundland, 1836

17th- and 18th-century French and British fortifications

Picturesque cottage, home of Captain Bob Bartlett from 1875-1946

Symbol of interaction between Labrador Inuit and Moravian Missionaires; representative of Moravian Mission architecture in Labrador

Only authenticated Viking settlement in North America

Pre-contact burial and habitation sites

16th-century Basque whaling industry complex

East Coast fishing industry complex

Commemorates defence of St. John's; includes the Cabot Tower

Nova Scotia

Commemorates famous inventor

Site of fishing centre, 16th- to 19th-century

1695-1708 fortifications

Played a role in the struggle for predominance in North America, 1750-1812; oldest blockhouse in Canada, 1750

Fort built in 1889 to defend Halifax Harbour

Reconstruction of 18th-century French fortress

Harbour fortification; contains Fort Charlotte

Commemorates Acadian settlement and expulsion

Centre of English fishery in 18th-century

Restored British masonry fort, 1828-56

Important Mi'kmaq cultural landscape

Site of first wireless station in Canada

Pre-expulsion Acadian farm community, 1664-1755

Reconstruction of 1605 French settlement

Late 18th-century stone defence tower, 1796-99

Site of Sir William Alexander's settlement, 1629-31

Operational canal; structures dating from 19th-century

French trading post and fort, 1650-1758

Major seaward defences of Halifax Harbour from the American Revolutionary War until World War II

Ontario

American invasion mission foiled, 1838

War of 1812, capture of Fort George by Americans, 1813

Important Italianate villa 1840's; home of Sir John A. Macdonald, Prime Minister of Canada (1867-73, 1878-91)

Birthplace of Doctor Norman Bethune; of symbolic significance to the Chinese

Round stone light tower, 1837

Complex represents 150 years of military history

Mid 19th-century British imperial masonry fortifications

Reconstructed British fort from War of 1812

British fort completed 1836 to defend Rideau Canal

19th-century border fortification; Fort Amherstburg; War of 1812

19th-century brick tower within star-shaped earthworks; War of 1812

British military outpost on western frontier, 1796-1812; War of 1812

Military remains of 1813-38 fortifications; War of 1812

Conical stone monument, with stairway, to the Glengarry and Argyle Regiment, erected in 1840

Last of World War II tribal class destroyers

Important 1816 Regency cottage with fur trade associations

Second Empire home, built in 1878, of two prime ministers of Canada, Sir Wilfrid Laurier and William Lyon Mackenzie King

Part of lock system of Rideau Canal, 1832-33

Site of first lighthouse on great lakes, 1804

Aboriginal fishing site

Mid 19th-century British imperial masonry fortification

Archaeological remains related to ship building

World's highest hydraulic lift lock, 1896-1904

Imperial tower and lightkeeper's house, 1859

Site of 1812 Battle of Queenston Heights; includes Brock Monument; War of 1812

Operational canal; 202 km route, forty-five locks

Site of Huron village destroyed by Iroquois in 1649

First electrically-powered lock, 1888-94

Mid 19th-century British imperial masonry fortifications

House of famous Loyalist, 1780s

Site of Attiwandaronk Indian village, circa 1500 AD

Operational canal; 386 km route, forty-five locks

Boyhood home of William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada (1921-26, 1926-30, 1936-48)

Prince Edward Island

Residence of Father of Confederation William Henry Pope, circa 1850

Queen Anne Revival summer home, built 1896-99

Remains of British and French forts

Neoclassical birthplace of Confederation

Quebec

Site of 1813 battle in defence of Lower Canada; War of 1812

Site of last naval battle in Seven Years' War

Early 19th-century stone military building

Operational canal; site of two earlier canals, 1826-33

Wintering place of Jacques Cartier, 1535-36

Operational canal; nine locks, swing bridges

18th-century transportation and defence structures

Remains of Canada's first industrial village

Restored and stabilized 1709 stone fort

Outstanding example of early 19th-century fortifications

Remains of French fur trading post

4.6-km network of walls, gates and squares

Quarantine station for immigrants from 1832-1937

Operational canal; five locks, railway / road bridges

Part of Québec fortification system

Childhood home of Louis S. St. Laurent, Prime Minister of Canada, 1948-57

Stone house built in 1785, associated with Louis-Joseph Papineau

Fine example of 18th-century Quebec town architecture, 1736

19th-century manor, home of Patriot leader, Louis-Joseph Papineau

Site of bishop's palace; Parliament of Canada 1851-55

Early reinforced concrete lighttower at strategic location

Only private military club in Canada perpetuating the British colonial tradition of assembling military officers in a social environment, 1879

Integral part of Québec's defence system; the seat of colonial executive authority for over 200 years

Operational canal; 1933 (and remains of 1849) lock

Operational canal; site of earlier 1843 canal

Double house of prominent 19th-century politician, 1830s

House interprets life of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada (1896-1911)

Stone warehouse used as depot, 1803

Saskatchewan

Métis village; site of 1885 Battle of Batoche

Site of battle between Métis and Canadian forces, 1885

North West Mounted Police headquarters, 1876

Remains of 2 North West Company fur trade posts

Original headquarters of North West Mounted Police

Remains of Hudson's Bay Company fur trade post

Early North West Mounted Police post

Site of 1885 battle, Cree and Canadian troops

Farm of William Richard Motherwell built in 1882, noted politician and scientific farmer

Yukon Territory

Important collection of buildings from the Klondike Gold Rush

Symbolizes importance of dredging operations (1899-1966) with the evolution of gold mining in the Klondike

Wooden steamboat built 1922, 140 feet x 30 feet, three decks

Largest and last Yukon commercial steamboat

Heritage places and exhibits

An important complex of 18th and 19th-century defence structures.

A former coastal fishing village.

The farmhouse which was the inspiration for the setting of L.M. Montgomery's beloved novel, Anne of Green Gables.

An interpretation of the historic role of the port at Québec.

A commemoration of the offshore fishery of Canada's East Coast.