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List of monarchs who lost their thrones or abdicated in the 20th century
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List of monarchs who lost their thrones or abdicated in the 20th century

The following monarchs either lost their thrones through deposition by a coup d'état, by a referendum which abolished their throne, or chose to abdicate during the 20th century. A list of surviving former monarchs appears at the end of the list.

See also: Abolished monarchies, List of current monarchs

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Afghanistan

King Zog of Albania
overthrown by Mussolini in 1939
Albania Anhalt Austria

B

Baden Baltic State (Estonia and Livonia) Baroda Bavaria Bharatpur deposed 1971

Bhopal

Bone Czech republic Brunswick Buganda Bukhara Buleleng

C

China Courland Croatia

D

Dewas

E

Egypt Ethiopia

Kaiser William II of Germany
King of Prussia

deposed after World War I

F

Fiji Finland

G

Gambia Germany Ghana Gojjam Gowa Greece Guyana

H

Hesse and the Rhine Hungary Hyderabad deposed 1971.

I

India Indian Princely States

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran
overthrown by revolution in 1979
Iran Iraq Ireland Italy

J

K

Karangasem
Kenya Khiva Korea Kubu deposed by the Indonesian government 1958

Kupang

Kutai

L

1945-1948,abdicated 1948. 1948-1951,Deprived of all the hereditary offices and priviledges conferred on Jung Bahadur in 1857, 18th February 1951.

Laos

Lesotho Libya Lingga Lippe Lithuania Luxembourg

M

Malawi Malta Manchukuo Mauritius Mecklenburg-Schwerin Mecklenburg-Strelitz Montenegro

N

Netherlands Nigeria Norway

O

Oldenburg

King Manuel II of Portugal
overthrown by revolution in 1910

P

Pakistan Poland Portugal Prussia

Q

Quatar

R

Reuss Elder Line Reuss Younger Line
Romania Russia

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia
overthrown by revolution in 1917
executed with his family in 1918

Rwanda(the Tutsi state)

S

Sarawak Saxe-Altenburg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Meiningen Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Saxony Schaumburg-Lippe Serbia Sierra Leone Sikkim South Africa Spain Sri Lanka

T

Tanzania Thailand Tibet Tigray Toro Travancore Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey

U

Uganda United Kingdom

V

Vietnam

W

Waldeck and Pyrmont
Württemberg

X

Y

Yemen Yugoslavia

Z

Surviving monarchs from abolished monarchies:


Emperor Bao Dai of Vietnam
deposed twice

For monarchs deposed before 1900,see Monarchs deposed in the 19th century