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List of military aircraft of Japan
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List of military aircraft of Japan

This list of military aircraft of Japan includes prototype, pre-production and operational types regardless of era.

Wikipedia policy is to use the Japanese names for these aircraft, not the World War II Allied codenames, although these will be redirects and mentioned in the article. They may be listed here for ease of reference.
(note: a " - " means information unkown, not added, or not applicable)


(post 1945)

Military aircraft of Japan post-1945
Fixed Wing
Designation Name Year Info/Role
Fuji LM-1 - 1958 Trainer and private plane
Fuji T-1 "Hatsutaka" 1958 Advanced jet trainer
Shin Meiwa PS-1 - 1968 Reconnaissance & anti-submarine flying boat
Shin Meiwa US-1 - 1975 Search and rescue flying boat
Shin Meiwa US-1kai US-1 改(kai) ~2007 Search and rescue flying boat (kai=improved)
Mitsubishi T-2 - 1971 Advanced jet trainer somewhat based on the SEPECAT Jaguar
Kawasaki T-4 - 1985 Subsonic jet trainer
Mitsubishi F-1 - 1975 Fighter version of the T-2
Mitsubishi F-2 - 2001 Fighter, based on the F-16 Fighting Falcon
Designation Name Year Info
Kayaba Heliplane
Kawasaki KH-4
Mitsubishi RP-1
Kawasaki OH-X - 1996


(Table order:Fighters, Bombers, Transports, Obs/Recon, Trainers, Waterplanes, Experimental)

Military aircraft of Japan pre-1945
Designation Name Allied codename Year Info
Aichi S1A "Denko" - - night fighter
Kawanishi N1K-J 紫電 "Shiden" George 1942 ground-based derivative of the N1K.
Kawasaki KDA-5 -
1932 -
Kawasaki Ki-10 - Perry 1935
Kawasaki Ki-45 "Toryu" Nick 1939 night fighter
Kawasaki Ki-60 -
Kawasaki Ki-61 飛燕 "Hien" Tony 1941
Kawasaki Ki-64 - Rob 1943
Kawasaki Ki-96 - - 1943 -
Kawasaki Ki-100 -
1945 -
Kawasaki Ki-102 - Randy 1944 night fighter
Kawasaki Ki-108 -
1944 high altitude fighter
Kyushu J7W 震電 "Shinden" - 1945 interceptor
Nakajima Ki-201 火龍 "Karyu" - 1945 project only
Mitsubishi A5M - Claude 1935 carrier fighter
Mitsubishi Ki-202 秋水改 "Shusui-kai"
rocket interceptor
Mitsubishi A6M Zero "Reisen" Zeke 1939 Navy carrier fighter (type 0) , the 'zero'
Mitsubishi J2M "Raiden" Jack 1942 interceptor
Mitsubishi A7M 烈風 "Reppu" Sam 1944
Mitsubishi Ki-109
1944 twin-engine interceptor
Mitsubishi Ki-83
- 1944 twin-engine escort fighter
Mitsubishi J8M 秋水 "Shusui"
1945 rocket interceptor based on the Messerschmitt Me 163
Nakajima A2N
1930 carrier biplane fighter
Nakajima Type 91
1931 parasol monoplane fighter
Nakajima A4N
1935 carrier-borne fighter
Nakajima Ki-27 - Nate 1936 Army monoplane fighter
Nakajima Ki-43 隼、" "Hayabusa" Oscar 1939 Army fighter
Nakajima Ki-44 "Shoki" Tojo 1940 Army fighter
Nakajima J1N "Gekko" Irving 1941 night fighter
Nakajima Ki-84 "Hayate" ''Frank' 1943 Army fighter
Nakajima J5N "Tenrai" - 1944 twin-engined fighter
Nakajima Ki-87 -
1945 -
Rikugun Ki-93 -
1945 twin-engine fighter
Tachikawa Ki-94 -
1945 interceptor
Designation Name Allied codename Year Info
Aichi D1A - Susie 1934 Carrier dive bomber
Aichi D3A
Val 1938 Carrier dive bomber
Aichi B7A 流星 "Ryusei" Grace 1942 Carrier torpedo bomber
Kawasaki Ki-32
Mary 1937
Kawasaki Ki-48
Lily 1939
Kawasaki Ki-66
Kyushu Q1W "Tokai" Lorna 1943 anti-submarine patrol bomber
Mitsubishi B1M
1923 carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B2M
1932 carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-1
1933 early monoplane bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-2
Mitsubishi G3M
Nell 1934 naval land-based bomber
Mitsubishi B5M
Mabel 1936 carrier torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-21
1936 Army bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-30
Ann 1937 Army light bomber
Mitsubishi G4M
Betty 1939 Navy land-based bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-51 - Sonia 1939 Army attack / reconnaissance plane
Mitsubishi Ki-67 "Hiryu" Peggy 1942 Army heavy bomber
Nakajima B5N
''Kate' 1937 torpedo bomber
Nakajima Ki-48 "Donryu" Helen 1939 Army heavy bomber
Nakajima B6N 天山 "Tenzan" Jill 1941 Navy torpedo bomber
Nakajima G5N "Shinzan" Liz 1941 long-range heavy bomber
Nakajima G8N "Renzan" Rita 1944 long-range heavy bomber
Nakajima G10N 富岳 "Fugaku" - - unfinished ultra long-range heavy bomber
Nakajima Kikka 橘花 "Kikka" - - jet based on the Messerschmitt Me 262
Nakajima Ki-115 剣 "Tsurugi"
1945 kamikaze bomber
Tachikawa Ki-74 - Patsy 1944 bomber, reconnaissance
Yokosuka B4Y - Jean 1935 biplane torpedo bomber
Yokosuka D4Y 彗星 "Suisei" Judy 1940 dive bomber
Yokosuka P1Y "Ginga" Francis 1943 medium bomber
Yokosuka MXY7 桜花 "Ohka" Baka 1944 manned flying bomb
Designation Name Allied codname Year Info
Kawasaki Ki-56 - Thalia 1940
Kawasaki C-1 -
1970 twin engined jet transport
Kokusai Ki-59 - Theresa 1939 twin-engine transport
Mitsubishi Ki-57 - Topsy 1939 (MC-20, L4M) - twin-engine transport
Nakajima Ki-34
Thora 1936
Observation, reconnaissance and liaison
Designation Name Allied codename Year Info
Kokusai Ki-76 - Stella 1941
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M - Babs 1936 Army reconnaissance
Mitsubishi Ki-46 - Dinah 1939 Army reconnaissance aircraft
Nakajima Ki-4 -
1934 Army reconnaissance aircraft
Nakajima C6N "Saiun" Myrt 1943 Navy reconnaissance plane
Tachikawa Ki-36
Ida 1938 close air support aircraft.
Tachikawa Ki-70
Clara 1943 reconnaissance
Yokosuka R2Y "Keiun" - 1945 reconnaissance
Designation Name Allied codename Year Info
Aichi M6A1-K "Nanzan" - 1945 land-based trainer version of the M6A
Kyushu K11W "Shiragiku" - 1942 bombing trainer
Mitsubishi K3M
Pine 1930 naval crew trainer.
Tachikawa Ki-17 - Cedar 1935 biplane basic trainer
Tachikawa Ki-9 - Spruce 1935 Army medium trainer
Tachikawa Ki-55 - - 1939 Army advanced trainer
Tachikawa Ki-54 - Hickory 1940 trainer & transport
Yokosuka K5Y - Willow 1933 biplane trainer
Yokosuka MXY8 秋草 "Akigusa" - 1945 unpowered trainer version of the Mitsubishi J8M
Yokosuka MXY9 秋火 "Shuka"
1945 jet-powered version of the MXY8
Flying boats and seaplanes
Designation Name Allied codename Year Info
Aichi E11A - Laura 1937 reconnaissance flying boat
Aichi E13A
Jake 1940 -
Aichi H9A
1940 -
Aichi E16A "Zuiun" Paul 1942 reconnaissance seaplane
Aichi M6A "Seiran"
1943 submarine based seaplane
Kawanishi E7K
Alf 1933 reconnaissance seaplane
Kawanishi H6K
Mavis 1936 recon. flying boat;formerly - Navy Type 97 Flying Boat
Kawanishi E15K "Shiun" Norm 1941 reconnaissance seaplane
Kawanishi H8K - Emily 1941 Flying Boat
Kawanishi H8K2-L 晴空 "Seiku" Emily
Flying Boat
Kawanishi N1K "Kyofu" Rex 1942 floatplane fighter
Mitsubishi F1M -
1936 observation seaplane
Nakajima E2N -
1929 reconnaissance seaplane
Nakajima E4N - - 1930 reconnaissance seaplane
Nakajima E8N - Dave 1934 reconnaissance seaplane
Nakajima A6M2-N
Rufe 1942 Mitsubishi Zero floatplane version
Yokosuka H5Y
Cherry 1936 flying boat
Yokosuka E14Y
Glenn 1939 submarine based floatplane
Designation Name Allied Codname Year Info
Kayaba Ka-1
1941 A autogyro recon aircraft
Designation Name Allied codename Year Info
Kawasaki Ki-78 -
1942 -
Tachikawa Ki-77 - - 1942 -

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