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List of metro systems
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List of metro systems

Here is an alphabetical listing of cities which have a metro (also called underground or subway) system.

This page uses the definition found on the metro article, under which a metro system:

  1. is urban,
  2. has a short headway (interval between trains),
  3. is electric,
  4. operates entirely on its own right-of-way.

This page will include all systems that obey these characteristics, without regard to specific profile or technology (i.e. underground, at grade, above ground, monorail, linear-induction...)

On the other hand, systems that are called "metro" but are really light rail (mainly those not segregated from other traffic, such as tramways and streetcars) are not included here but in List of light-rail transit systems.

Table of contents
1 Europe excluding Caucasus
2 Asia incl. Caucasus
3 North America
4 South America
5 Africa
6 Oceania
7 Top 10 in terms of annual passenger rides
8 Top 10 in terms of number of stations
9 Top 10 in terms of length
10 Earliest lines
11 External link

Europe excluding Caucasus

City Country Main article List of stations Date opened Official link Other link
Amsterdam Netherlands Amsterdam metro List 1977 GVB [1]
Athens Greece Athens Metro List 1998 Αττικό Μετρό [1]
Barcelona Spain Barcelona Metro List 1924 TMB, FGC [1]
Belgrade Serbia Beovoz (Note 6) List 1995 [1] [1]
Berlin Germany Berlin U-Bahn (Note 1) List 1902 BVG [1]
Berlin S-Bahn (Note 2) 1930 S-Bahn
Bilbao Spain Bilbao Metro List 1995 metrobilbao [1]
Bologna Italy ''Bologna Metro List under
construction
ATC [1]
Brescia Italy ''Brescia Metrobus List under
construction
Brescia Mobilità [1]
Brussels Belgium Brussels Metro List 1976 STIB [1]
Bucharest Romania Bucharest Metro List 1979 Metroul [1]
Budapest Hungary Budapest Metro List 1896 BKV [1]
Catania Italy Catania Metro List 1999 Ferrovia Circumetnea [1]
Copenhagen Denmark Copenhagen Metro List 2002 Københavns Metro [1]
Dnipropetrovsk Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk Metro List 1995 [1]
Donetsk Ukraine ''Donetsk Metro List under
construction
Donetsk Metro [1]
Genoa Italy Genoa Metro List 1990 GenovaMetro [1]
Glasgow UK Glasgow Underground
(Clockwork Orange)
List 1896 SPT [1]
Hamburg Germany Hamburg U-Bahn (Note 1) List 1912 Hochbahn [1]
Hamburg S-Bahn (Note 2) 1924 S-Bahn
Helsinki Finland Helsinki Metro (Note 3) List 1982 HKL [1]
Istanbul Turkey Istanbul Tunel List 1875 Istanbul Ulasim [1]
Istanbul Metro List 2000
Kazan Russia ''Kazan Metro List under
construction
Qazan Metropoliténı [1]
Kharkov Ukraine Kharkov Metro List 1975 Khar'kovskiy Metropoliten [1]
Kiev Ukraine Kiev Metro List 1960 Kyiv Metro [1]
Krivoy Rog Ukraine Krivoy Rog Metro List 1986 [1]
Lille France Lille Metro (Note 4) List 1983 Transpole [1]
Lisbon Portugal Lisbon Metro List 1959 Metropolitano de Lisboa [1]
London UK London Underground (Tube) List 1863 Transport for London [1]
Docklands Light Railway List 1987
Lyon France Lyon Metro List 1968 TCL [1]
Madrid Spain Madrid Metro List 1919 Metro de Madrid [1]
Marseille France Marseille Metro List 1977 RTM [1]
Milan Italy Milan Metro List 1964 ATM [1]
Minsk Belarus Minsk Metro List 1984 [1]
Moscow Russia Moscow Metro List 1935 [1]
Munich Germany Munich U-Bahn (Note 1) List 1971 MVV [1]
Munich S-Bahn (Note 2) 1972
Naples Italy Naples Metro List 1993 MetroNapoli [1]
Newcastle upon Tyne UK Tyne & Wear Metro; List 1980 NEXUS [1]
Nizhny Novgorod Russia Nizhny Novgorod Metro List 1985 [1]
Nuremberg Germany Nuremberg U-Bahn (Note 1) List 1972 VGN [1]
Oslo Norway Oslo T-Bane List 1966 Trafikanten [1]
Paris France Paris Metro (Note 5) List 1900 RATP [1]
Prague Czech R Prague Metro List 1974 DP Praha [1]
Rennes France Rennes Metro (Note 4) List 2002 STAR [1]
Rome Italy Rome Metro List 1955 Metropolitano di Roma [1]
Rotterdam Netherlands Rotterdam Metro List 1968 RET [1]
Samara Russia Samara Metro List 1987 [1]
Saint Petersburg Russia Saint Petersburg Metro List 1955 Peterburgskiy Metropoliten [1]
Seville Spain Seville Metro List under
construction
Metro de Sevilla
Sofia Bulgaria Sofia Metro List 1998 Metropolitan Sofia [1]
Stockholm Sweden Stockholm Metro
(Tunnelbana)
List 1950 Storstockholms Lokaltrafik [1]
Toulouse France Toulouse Metro (Note 4) List 1993 SEMVAT [1]
''Turin ''Italy ''Metropolitana Torino ''List ''Under construction METROTORINO [1]''
''Ufa ''Russia ''Ufa Metro ''List ''Under construction [1]''
Valencia Spain Valencia Metro List 1988 FGV [1]
Vienna Austria Vienna U-Bahn (Note 1) List 1976 Wiener Linien [1]
Warsaw Poland Warsaw Metro List 1995 Metro Warszawskie [1]
Wuppertal Germany Wuppertal Schwebebahn List 1901 WSW [1]

Notes:

  1. see also U-Bahn
  2. see also Transportation in Germany
  3. northernmost metro in the world
  4. See also VAL
  5. RER commuter trains offer metro-like service within the city; see also Orlyval
  6. Many stations are still not built underground because today's metro usage is to connect suburbs with Belgrade city center.

Asia incl. Caucasus

City Country Main article List of stations Date opened Official link Other link
''Adana ''Turkey ''Adana Metro ''List ''Under Construction Adana Metro [1]
''Almaty ''Kazakhstan ''Almaty Metro ''List ''Under Construction [1]
Ankara Turkey Ankara Metro List 1996 EGO [1]
Bangkok Thailand Bangkok Skytrain List 1999 BTS [1]
Bangkok Metro 2004 MRTA [1]
Beijing China Beijing Subway List 1969 [1]
Bursa Turkey Bursaray List 2002 Bursaray [1]
Busan S. Korea Busan Subway List 1985 BUTA [1]
Calcutta/
Kolkata
India Calcutta Metro Railway List 1984 Metro Railway Calcutta [1]
Chennai/
Madras
India Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System List 1997 MTC [1]
''Chelyabinsk ''Russia ''Chelyabinsk Metro ''List ''Under Construction CHELYAMETROSTROY [1]
Daegu S. Korea Daegu Subway List 1997 DMSC [1]
''Daejeon ''S. Korea ''Daejeon Subway ''List Under construction Daejeon Subway [1]
Delhi India Delhi Metro List 2002 DMRC [1]
''Esfahan ''Iran ''Esfahan Urban Railway Organization (EURO) ''List Under construction EURO [1]
Guangzhou China Guangzhou Metro List 1999 Guangzhou Metro [1]
''Gwangju ''S. Korea ''Gwangju Subway ''List ''Under construction Gwangju Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation [1]
Haifa Israel Carmelit List 1959 [1]
Hiroshima Japan Hiroshima Monorail List 1994 [1]
Hong Kong China MTR List 1979 MTRC [1]
Incheon S. Korea Incheon Subway List 1999 IRTC [1]
Izmir Turkey Izmir Metro List 2000 Izmir Metro [1]
Karaj Iran Karaj Metro List [1]
Kitakyushu Japan Kitakyushu Monorail List 1985 KUM [1]
''Krasnoyarsk ''Russia ''METROSTROY ''List ''Under Construction [1]
Kobe Japan Kobe Municipal Subway List 1977 Kobe Subway [1]
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Star LRT List 1996 [1]
Putra LRT 1998 Putra
KL Monorail 2003 KL Monorail
Kyoto Japan Kyoto Municipal Subway List 1981 KMTB [1]
Manila Philippines Manila MRT List 1984 LRTA [1]
Mumbai/
Bombay
India Mumbai Metro List [1]
Mashhad Iran Mashhad Metro List [1]
Nagoya Japan Nagoya Subway List 1957 CNTB [1]
Naha Japan Naha Yui Rail List 2003 Yui-Rail [1]
''Nanjing ''China ''Nanjing Metro ''List Under Construction Nanjing Metro [1]
Novosibirsk Russia Novosibirsk Metro List 1986 [1]
''Omsk ''Russia ''Omsk Metro ''List Under Construction [1]
Osaka Japan Osaka Municipal Subway List 1933 OMTB [1]
Pyongyang N. Korea Pyongyang Metro List 1973 Pyongyang Metro [1]
Sapporo Japan Sapporo Subway List 1971 SCTB [1]
Sendai Japan Sendai Subway List 1987 SCTB [1]
Seoul S.Korea Seoul Metro List 1971 Seoul Metropolitan Subway Corporation [1]
1990 Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation
1963 KORAIL
Shanghai China Shanghai Subway List 1995 [1]
Shenzhen China Shenzhen Subway List Under
const.
[1]
Singapore Singapore MRT List 1 2 3 1990 SMRT [1]
2003 SBS Transit
Tashkent Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro List 1977 Toshkent Metropoliten [1]
Tbilisi Georgia Tbilisi Metro List 1966 [1]
Tehran Iran Tehran Metro List 1999 Tehran Metro [1]
''Tel Aviv ''Israel ''Tel Aviv Subway ''List Under construction NTA
Tianjin China Tianjin Subway List 1980
(closed until 2005)
TJDT [1]
Tokyo Japan Tokyo Subway List 1927 Tokyo Metro [1]
1960 Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation
Yekaterinburg Russia Yekaterinburg Metro List 1991 [1]
Yerevan Armenia Yerevan Metro List 1981 [1]
Yokohama Japan Yokohama Subway List 1972 Yokohama City Subway [1] [1]
2004 Minato Mirai Line [1]

North America

City Province/State Country Main article List of stations Date opened Official link Other link Note
Atlanta Georgia USA MARTA List 1979 MARTA [1]
Baltimore Maryland USA Baltimore Metro Subway List 1983 MTA [1]
Boston Massachusetts USA Boston subway (or "T") List 1897 MBTA [1]
Buffalo New York USA Buffalo Metro Rail (or "T") List 1984 NFTA [1] Note 1
Chicago Illinois USA Chicago El List 1897 CTA [1]
Cleveland Ohio USA Cleveland Rapid Transit List 1955 RTA [1] Note 2
Detroit Michigan USA Detroit People Mover List 1987 DTC [1]
Guadalajara Jalisco Mexico Guadalajara metro List 1989 SITEUR [1] Note 3
Jacksonville Florida USA Jacksonville Skyway List 1989 JTA [1]
Las Vegas Nevada USA Las Vegas Monorail List under
const.
[1]
Los Angeles California USA Los Angeles Metro List 1990 MTA [1]
Mexico City DF Mexico Mexico City Metro List 1969 STC [1]
Miami Florida USA Miami Metrorail and Miami Metromover List 1984 MDTA [1]
Monterrey Nuevo León Mexico Monterrey Metro List 1991 Metrorrey [1]
Montreal Quebec Canada Montreal Metro List 1966 STM [1]
New York New York USA New York Subway List 1904 NYC Subway [1]
Staten Island Railway List
PATH List 1908 Port Authority
AirTrain JFK List 2003
Newark New Jersey USA Newark City Subway List 1936 NJ Transit [1]
Philadelphia Pennsylvania USA SEPTA List 1907 SEPTA [1]
PATCO List 1938 PATCO
Saint Louis Missouri USA St. Louis Metrolink List 1993 MetroLink [1]
San Francisco California USA BART List 1972 BART [1]
San Juan Puerto Rico USA San Juan Tren Urbano List under
const
ATI [1]
Toronto Ontario Canada Toronto Subway and RT List 1954 TTC [1]
Vancouver British Columbia Canada Vancouver SkyTrain List 1986 TransLink [1]
Washington DC USA Washington Metro List 1976 WMATA [1]

  1. The line is mostly underground; there is a non-grade separated passage, but it is located within a pedestrian mall, with no vehicle traffic.
  2. System includes one true metro line and two light rail lines operated together.
  3. System includes one true metro line and one light rail line operated together.

South America

City Country Main article List of stations Date opened Official link Other link
Belo Horizonte Brazil Belo Horizonte metro List Metrô BH [1]
Brasília Brazil Brasília metro List 2001 Metrô DF [1]
Buenos Aires Argentina Buenos Aires metro List 1913 Subte [1]
Caracas Venezuela Caracas metro List 1983 Metro [1]
Medellín Colombia Medellín metro List 1996 Metro [1]
Porto Alegre Brazil Porto Alegre metro List 1985 Trensurb [1]
Recife Brazil Recife metro List 1985 [1]
Rio de Janeiro Brazil Rio de Janeiro metro List 1979 Metrô Rio [1]
Santiago Chile Santiago metro List 1975 Metro [1]
São Paulo Brazil São Paulo metro List 1974 Metrô SP [1]
''Viña del Mar ''Chile ''Viña del Mar metro ''List ''under
constr.

Africa

City Country Main article List of stations Date opened Official link Other link
Cairo     Egypt    Cairo metro    List 1987 [1]

Oceania

City Country Main article List of stations Date opened Official link Other link
Melbourne     Australia    Melbourne railways    List 1919 Metlink [1]
Sydney     Australia    Sydney subways    List CityRail
Brisbane     Australia    Brisbane railways    List Citytrain
Perth     Australia    Perth railways    List Transperth
Adelaide     Australia    Adelaide railways    List Adelaide Metro

Top 10 in terms of annual passenger rides

  1. Moscow 3.2 billion
  2. Tokyo 2.7 billion
  3. Seoul 1.6 billion
  4. Mexico City 1.3 billion
  5. New York City 1.3 billion
  6. Paris 1.2 billion
  7. Osaka 957 million
  8. London 886 million (4.6 billion miles)
  9. Hong Kong 798 million
  10. St. Petersburg 784 million

Top 10 in terms of number of stations

  1. New York 468
  2. Paris 369
  3. London 275
  4. Tokyo 266 (Eidan 165, TOEI 101)
  5. Seoul 263
  6. Berlin 254
  7. Munich 229
  8. Melbourne 200
  9. Madrid 190
  10. Mexico City 175

Top 10 in terms of length

  1. Munich 527 km (U-Bahn 85 km, S-Bahn 442 km)
  2. Berlin 473 km (U-Bahn 146 km, S-Bahn 327 km)
  3. London 415 km
  4. New York 368 km
  5. Tokyo 290.3 km (Eidan 183.3 km, TOEI 107 km)
  6. Seoul 287 km
  7. Moscow 265.2 km
  8. Madrid 226.5 km
  9. Paris 212.5 km
  10. Mexico City 201.7 km

Earliest lines

External link