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List of masts
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List of masts

Masts are among the tallest man-made structures. While the structure type is commonly used on sailing ships as support for sails, they are also used for communication equipment such as radio antenna's radio mast. On land they are are also used for communication, usually as a very tall radio tower, or sometimes for microwave communication arrays.

Shorter masts often need no guy lines and usually end up being referred to as a pole, such as a telephone pole (though these often have guy lines) or flag poles. Much taller mast structures use the mast term (or when there on boats as previously mentioned) with exception of some tower hybrid tower/masts that incorporate elements from both and usually just use the term 'tower'.

In any case, masts offer maximum height for minimum cost and form a intregral part of the world's communication infrastructure. Physically masts have a very narrow body that offers vertical support and a series of guy lines that offer lateral support and are under tension.

The standard mast differs significantly from towers (see List of towers) in rarely being free standing or having any habitable space excluding attached structures at ground level or service ladders/elevators. Observation decks or restaurants are not present, and most masts function as a very large antenna for broadcast orginizations. Of course there are many borderline structures that fall in the realm of guyed and non-guyed masts and towers.

Hybrid mast structures such as tower structures that have mast like elements blur distinctions. Also many large electrical towers or wind-tubine masts are of a unclear classification. The current table data table standards are in flux as to whether it includes electrical towers or other hybrid structures. Many of the can be found on List of towers, however.

A small observation deck on the top of super tall guyed mast, or 1 story building with massive mast on top classified as a structual detail, and things in this vein can pose huge problems for existing measurement classifications.

Free-standing towers sometimes use the mast term to describe themselves just as guyed masts somtimes call themselves towers.

Masts commonly have the name of the brodcasting designation that uses them, or somtimes of a nearby city or town.

The Warsaw Radio Mast (Warszawa radio mast) was the tallest man-made structure ever made, but it collapsed in 1991 leaving the KVLY/KTHI-TV mast as the next tallest. This includes structures of any type, but does not include things like lines going up to captive balloons or the structures that are the highest above sea level (i.e. a tent on Mount Everest). See world's tallest structures for further analysis.

Towers and buildings with masts on them (that are a hybrid) are in their own list. See List of towers for towers. Note many guyed masts/masts are called towers and numerous towers call themselves masts. (lists not guaranteed to be accurate or up to date and includes structures traditionally thought of as a mast)(includes up to 2004)

List of masts

Mast structures, virtually all pure guyed masts. There is often crossover in term usage as some skyscraper use the tower term, some towers use the mast term, and ironically 'skyscraper' has some word heritage from references to high sailboat masts.

Top masts ranked by pinnacle, and for ties older building is ranked higher. Most are in the U.S.(for the taller ones), the Warszawa in Poland being a notable exception. The larger number around 2000 ft are the result of special US rules limiting structures and objects that go above 2000 ft( as a result very few things go above this altitude).

The ideal height of mast as antenna varies depending on location on demographics and terrain. The cost of tower must be re-couped primarily through advertising on the content it sends out ultimately. Things like poplulation density, how far a signal can travel(such as effected by terrain for line of sight for some kinds of transmission), versus cost of a higher tower, verus maintence cost, - must all be balanced for a ideal tower size. Two shorter towers may be better option the one taller one for example, or a higher tower might not be useful if the signal is blocked by terrain or all the listeners are in a concentrated area and a higher tower cannot pay for itself.

Once again, the list includes guyed masts, almost exclusively communication masts though a few for other purpose are present. Self-supporting masts are covered as towers under the List of towers, and the borderline cases are mentioned exclusively (hybrid designs, under water, etc) elsewhere on this page. (Updated to 2004, not guaranteed to be accuratte or up to date)(Destroyed towers are noted)(~160+ in list)(light red tint given to destroyed masts)

  
Name Pinnacle (feet \\ meters) Year Country
Warszawa Radio Mast(Destroyed) 2118 ft \\ 645.4 m 1974-91 Poland
KVLY/KTHI TV Mast 2063 ft \\ 628.8 m 1963 US
KXJB Tower 2060 ft \\ 627.8 m 1998 US
KXTV/KOVR Tower 2049 ft \\ 624.5 m 2000 US
KLDE Tower 2018 ft \\ 615.1 m - US
WITN Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m - US
KCAU TV Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1965 US
KATV Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1967 US
WECT TV6 Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1969 US
KOLR/KOZK Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1971 US
NYT Broadcast Holdings Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1972 US
American Tower Management 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1973 US
Des Moines Hearst-Argyle TV Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1974 US
Diversfied Communications Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1981 US
AFLAC Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1984 US
Jefferson Pilot Comm. Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1984 US
Hearst-Argyle Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1985 US
WTTO Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1986 US
SpectraSite Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1987 US
WCTV Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1987 US
WCKW KHOM Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 1988 US
American Tower Limited Partnership Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 2001 US
Rohn Tower 2000 ft \\ 609.6 m 2001 US
Clear Channel Broadcasting Tower(TX) 1999 ft \\ 609.4 m 1986 US
KYTV Tower 1999 ft \\ 609.4 m 2000 US
SpectraSite Comm Tower 1999 ft \\ 609.4 m 2002 US
Clear Channel Broadcasting Tower(LA) 1999 ft \\ 609.3 m 1986 US
Salem Radio Properties Tower 1999 ft \\ 609.3 m 2002 US
WIBT Tower 1998 ft \\ 609 m 1999 US
KLTN Tower 1992 ft \\ 607.2 m - US
WRAL HDTV Mast 1988 ft \\ 606 m - US
Senior Road Tower 1972 ft \\ 601 m - US
WCNC-TV Tower 1969 ft \\ 600 m - US
CBC Real Estate Co. Inc 1944 ft \\ 592.4 m
US
KKHT Radio Mast 1929 ft \\ 588 m - US
WFMY Tower 1912 ft \\ 582.8 m
US
KTUL Tower 1909 ft \\ 581.9 m - US
WOLO TV Tower 1765 ft \\ 538 m - US
WBIR TV-mast 1749 ft \\ 533.1 m - US
WTVM TV Mast 1749 ft \\ 533 m - US
KFVS TV Mast 1677 ft \\ 511.1 m 1960 US
Raycom America Tower 1677 ft \\ 511.1 m 1960 US
KDEB Tower(Destroyed) 1627 ft \\ 496 m 1968 US
WJJY TV Mast(Destroyed) 1611 ft \\ 491 m - US
KSWS-TV Transmitter 1608 ft \\ 490 m 1960 US
WKY TV Mast 1601 ft \\ 488 m - US
KWTV Tower 1577 ft \\ 480.7 m - US
KWTV Mast 1572 ft \\ 479 m 1954 US
KBSI TV Mast 1567 ft \\ 477.6 m 1983 US
BREN Tower 1522 ft \\ 464 m - US
Media General Operations Tower 1501 ft \\457.6 m 1963 US
Brechner Tower 1439 ft \\ 438.7 m 1984 US
KTXR Tower 1438 ft \\ 438.4 m 2002 US
Ozark Broadcasting Tower 1403 ft \\ 427.6 m - US
Omega Navigational Mast 1401 ft \\ 427 m - Australia
SpectraSite Communications, Inc 1390 ft \\ 423.7 m 1992 US
WBRC-TV Tower 1378 ft \\ 420 m - US
Loran Tower 1348 ft \\ 411 m - Iceland
Emmis Television License Corp. Tower 1346 ft \\ 410.2 m - US
Navigation Mast 1345 ft \\ 410 m - Greenland
WTTO-TV Tower 1339 ft \\ 408.1 m - US
WVTM-TV Tower 1339 ft \\ 408.1 m - US
Davis Television Tower 1329 ft \\ 405 m - US
Sinclair Radio Tower 1305 ft \\ 397.8 m - US
KXAN TV Tower (Old)(Destroyed) 1299 ft \\ 395.9 m - US
KXAN TV Tower 1299 ft \\ 395.9 m - US
KEYE TV Tower 1289 ft \\ 392.9 m - US
WPVI-DT/KYW-DT 1276 ft \\ 389 m - US
KVUE TV Tower 1269 ft \\ 386.8 m 1971 US
Emley Moor Mk. 2(Destroyed) 1263 ft \\ 385 m 1964-69 UK
Belmont TV Mast 1263 ft \\ 385 m 1965 UK
KTBC TV Tower 1259 ft \\ 383.7 m - US
KEYI Radio Tower 1256 ft \\ 382.8 m - US
Charlotte Mecklenburg Public Broadcasting Authority 1247 ft \\ 380 m - US
Brill Media Tower 1232 ft \\ 375.5 m - US
KNVA TV Tower 1227 ft \\ 374 m - US
Pinnacle Tower 1222 ft \\ 372.5 m 1997 US
MATC Guyed Mast 1221 ft \\ 372.2 m 2000 US
KCPT TV Tower 1221 ft \\ 372 m 1959 US
CBC Tower(Destroyed) 1217 ft \\ 371 m - Canada
WCCB-TV/FOX Tower 1215 ft \\ 370.2 m 1966 US
CBS TV Mast 1201 ft \\ 366 m US
Omega Tower(Destroyed) 1201 ft \\ 366 m - Argentina
UHF Candelabra 1201 ft \\ 366 m - US
WCAU-TV 1200 ft \\ 365.8 m - US
KMOV TV Tower 1199 ft \\ 365.3 m 1999 US
VLF Mast 6 1194 ft \\ 364 m - Australia
WIAT-TV Tower 1194 ft \\ 363.9 m - US
Sender Donebach 1191 ft \\ 363 m 1982 Germany
WTXF-TV 1184 ft \\ 360.9 m 1965 US
Sendemast Berlin - Frohnau 1177 ft \\ 358.6 m 1978 Germany
Briarcliff Property Tenants 1174 ft \\ 357.8 m 1969 US
CHCH Television Tower 1173 ft \\ 357.5 m 1960 Canada
KSMO Candelabra Tower 1168 ft \\ 356 m 2001 US
WDAF Tower 1165 ft \\ 355 m 1967 US
KPXE Tower(Destroyed) 1164 ft \\ 354.8 m 1978 US
KSHB/KMCI Tower 1164 ft \\ 354.8 m 2003 US
KDEN TV Tower 1161 ft \\ 354 m 1996 US
KPXE Tower 1158 ft \\ 353 m 2003 US
WWSG-TV 1158 ft \\ 352.9 m 1979 US
KDNL TV Tower 2 1155 ft \\ 352.1 m 1969 US
Omaha Great Empire Broadcasting Tower 1153 ft \\ 351.4 m 1989 US
KSDK Tower 1149 ft \\ 350.2 m 1958 US
WAGA Tower 1144 ft \\ 348.8 m 2000 US
310 Domino Lane 1144 ft \\ 348.7 m 1971 US
KTTS Tower 1129 ft \\ 344 m 1990 US
KMBC/KCWE Candelabra Tower 1125 ft \\ 343 m 1988 US
KISS Radio Tower 1123 ft \\ 342.2 m - US
WRCV-TV 1116 ft \\ 340.2 m 1957 US
1 Culp Street 1116 ft \\ 340 m - US
KISS Radio Tower 1112 ft \\ 338.9 m - US
SpectraSite Communications Mast 1109 ft \\ 338.1 m 1986 US
WKBS-TV 1108 ft \\ 337.7 m 1965 US
American Tower Co 1102 ft \\ 335.9 m 1987 US
KTVO TV Tower 1101 ft \\ 335.6 m 1955 US
WAGA Tower 1100 ft \\ 335.3 m 1955 US
KLRU TV Tower 1099 ft \\ 335 m - US
KMIZ Tower 1099 ft \\ 335 m 1970 US
RS Comm. Tower 1098 ft \\ 334.7 m 2000 US
329 Domino Lane 1093 ft \\ 333.1 m 1977 US
WSOC-TV Tower 1082 ft \\ 329.8 m 2000 US
WSB TV Mast 1075 ft \\ 327.6 m 1957 US
KETC TV Tower 1073 ft \\ 327.1 m - US
Allur/Kansas City Tower 1065 ft \\ 324.7 m 1989 US
TBN Tower 1063 ft \\ 324 m 1988 US
Baptist Bible College 1058 ft \\ 322.5 m 1998 US
KTVI Tower 2 1050 ft \\ 320 m
US
KLRQ Tower 1050 ft \\ 320 m
US
KCHZ Tower 1049 ft \\ 319.7 m
US
KLBJ Radio Tower 1049 ft \\ 319.7 m
US
KTVI Tower 1 1049 ft \\ 319.7 m
US
KOMU Tower 1049 ft \\ 319.7 m 1998 US
Gannett Georgia Tower 1042 ft \\ 317.6 m 1981 US
RTM Tower ~1041 ft \\~371.1 m
Malaysia
KTMO Tower 1040 ft \\ 317 m 1989 US
KXEO Radio Tower 1035 ft \\ 315.4 m 1985 US
Lakihegy Tower 1030 ft \\ 314 m 1933 Hungary
KWIX/KRES Radio Tower 1027 ft \\ 313 m 1982 US
KLJC Tower 1020 ft \\ 310.9 m 1987 US
Winter Hill TV Mast 1015 ft \\ 309.4 m 1966 UK
WLNE 6 TV Tower ~1107 ft \\ ~307 m
US
VRT Zendstation Egem 1001 ft \\ 305 m 1973 Belgium
CKVR Television Tower 1000 ft \\ 304.8 m 1978 Canada
Bott Comm. Tower 1000 ft \\ 304.8 m 1991 US
KRXL Tower 997 ft \\ 304 m 1989 US
KOOL Radio Tower 996 ft \\ 303.6 m 1998 US
Sender Langenberg 988 ft \\ 301 m 1989 Germany
KROX Radio Tower 981 ft \\ 299 m - US
Bilsdale TV Mast 951 ft \\ 290 m - UK
Waltham TV Mast 951 ft \\ 290 m - UK
RTL Beidweiler 951 ft \\ 290 1972 Luxembourg
KHFI Radio Tower 951 ft \\ 289.9 - US
Zendmast Ruiselede(Destroyed) 942 ft \\ 287 m 1923 Belgium
Zendmast Wingene(Destroyed) 942 ft \\ 287 m 1923 Belgium
KHFI Radio Tower 933 ft \\ 284.4 m - US
KRCG TV Tower 927 ft \\ 282.5 m 1957 US
Mendip TV Mast 922 ft \\ 281 m - UK
Sendemast Mühlacker 897 ft \\ 273 m 1950 Germany
Sendeanlage Bisamberg (Nordmast) 869 ft \\ 265 m - Austria

Temporary Misc. Shorter Masts (non-continuous listing)
TVP Katowice Mast(Destroyed) 738 ft \\ 225 m - Poland
Zendmast Radio Kootwijk(Destroyed) 689 m \\ 210 m 1979 Netherlands
Zendmast Wieringermeer 671 ft \\ 204.5 m 1967 Netherlands

Note:

See Also

See also:

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