Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
List of massacres
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

List of massacres

Massacres are individual events of mass killing of civilians or noncombatants, almost always characterised as having distinct political significance in shaping subsequent events.

Below is a list of incidents that are commonly referred to as massacres, though other incidents may also qualify yet not be called massacres. Note that the figure for deaths is usually an estimate, and is frequently contested. See the individual article on each massacre for more information.


>
Date Name Deaths Location Description
1 AD Massacre of the Innocents 8-30 Bethlehem, Palestine (according to the Gospel of Matthew)
1096 Part of the First Crusade Thousands Along the Rhine "People's Crusade" prior to the First Crusade killed thousands of Jews along the Rhine; see Emich of Leiningen
1282 Sicilian Vespers ? Italy
1284 The Pied Piper of Hamelin 130 Children supposedly lured away and killed. Legend, not clear what really happened.
August 24, 1572 St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre 70,000 France
May 10, 1631 Massacre of Magdeburg 20,000 Germany
1648-1649 ? 100,000 Jews and Poles killed by Cossacks under Bohdan Chmielnicki
1689 Massacre of Palatinate ? Germany
February 13, 1692 Massacre of Glencoe 78 Scotland
1768 Koliwszczyzna ? massacre of Poles and Jews in Human, Ukraine
March 5, 1770 Boston Massacre 5 British North American Colonies, currently US
1778 Cherry Valley Massacre ? during the American Revolution
1794 ? ? Praga, Poland Raze of Praga - Poland
January, 1813 River Raisin massacre 30-60 Monroe, Michigan prisoners scalped during the War of 1812
August 16, 1819 Peterloo massacre 11 United Kingdom
1848 Rabacja ? Galicia massacre of Polish nobles by peasants
September 11, 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre 120 Utah, United States
April 13, 1873 Colfax Massacre 100 Colfax, Louisiana
December 29, 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre 153-300 Wounded Knee, South Dakota
1903 Kishinev pogrom ? (Chisinau) - Moldova
April 13, 1919 Amritsar Massacre 379 India
February 14, 1929 St. Valentine's Day Massacre 7 Chicago Bugs Moran's gang is murdered by Al Capone's men
1929 Hebron massacre ? Palestine
1937 Nanjing Massacre 200,000- 300,000 China also called Rape of Nanking
1938 Kristallnacht 36-200 Germany also called Pogromnacht
1939 Bromberg Bloody Sunday ~5000 Bydgoszcz, Poland Killing, torture and forced marches of ethnic Germans in Poland by Polish citizens and soldiers during German invasion
1940 Katyn Massacre 25,700 Soviet Union massacre of Polish Intelligentsia, POW reserve officers
1941 Massacre in Jedwabne 380-1600 Poland
September 29-30, 1941 Babi Yar massacre 33,771 Ukraine
May 29, 1942 Lidice Massacre 250 Czechoslovakia
WWII Ponary ? Lithuania
1943 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia ~100,000 Ukraine
July 14, 1943 Biscari Massacre 73 Sicily US Troops kill German and Italian POWs.
1944 Massacre in Koniuchy ~130 Poland
June 10, 1944 Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre 642 France
December 17, 1944 Malmedy massacre 80 Belgium
May 8, 1945 Setif Massacre 150 pied-noirs
1,500-45,000 Algerians
Algeria
August 6, 1945 Hiroshima 75,000 Japan
August 9, 1945 Nagasaki 75,000 Japan
1948 Hadassah medical convoy massacre ~77 Palestine
1948 Deir Yassin massacre 107 Palestine
1948 Arab al-Mawasi massacre 14 Palestine
July 26-29, 1950 Nogun-ri massacre ? Korea
1953 Qibya massacre ~50 West Bank
1956 Kafr Qasim massacre 49 Israel
October 17, 1961 Paris Massacre of 1961 32-200[1] Paris, France Killing of Algerian demonstrators
1968 Tlatelolco massacre 200-300 Mexico
1968 My Lai massacre 347-504 Vietnam
February 8, 1968 Orangeburg Massacre ? South Carolina State University, USA
January, 1969 Massacre at Hue ~2500 Hue, Vietnam
May 4, 1970 Kent State massacre 4 Kent State University, Ohio, USA
December 11, 1981 El Mozote massacre ~900 El Salvador
February 2, 1982 Hama Massacre ~20,000 Syria
September, 1982 Sabra and Shatila massacre 300-3,000 Beirut, Lebanon
August 19, 1987 Hungerford massacre 18 Hungerford, Berkshire, England, UK
December 6, 1989 École Polytechnique Massacre; 15 University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada also called Montreal Massacre
1989 Tiananmen Massacre up to 2,600 Beijing, China
November 13, 1990 Aramoana Massacre ? Aramoana, New Zealand
July 11, 1995 Srebrenica Massacre ~8000 Bosnia and Herzegovina Considered the largest Massarce in Europe since WW II
1994 Rwandan Massacre 800,000 Rwanda Hutus massacre Tutsis for 3 months
March 13, 1996 Dunblane massacre 18 Stirling region, Scotland, UK
April 18, 1996 Qana Massacre 102 Qana, South of Lebanon
April 29, 1996 Port Arthur massacre 35 Tasmania, Australia
1997 Sanaa massacre 8 Yemen
August 28, 1997 Sidi Rais massacre ~200 Sidi Rais, Algeria
September 22, 1997 Bentalha massacre >200 Bentalha, Algeria
December 22, 1997 Acteal massacre 45 Acteal, Mexico Allegedly government-linked paramilitaries attack a prayer meeting professing support for the goals of EZLN rebels
January 10, 1998 Sidi Hamed massacre 103 Sidi Hamed, Algeria
March 24, 1998 Jonesboro massacre 5 Arkansas, United States
December 9, 1998 Tadjena massacre 42 Algeria
April 20, 1999 Columbine High School massacre 15 Littleton, Colorado, United States
June 8, 2001 Osaka School Massacre 8 Ikeda, Osaka prefecture, Japan
December, 2001 Dasht-i-Leili massacre ~3000 Afghanistan Northern Alliance and U.S soldiers kill Taliban prisoners during the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan.
April 26, 2002 Erfurt massacre 17 Erfurt, Thuringia, Germany
March 28, 2002 Passover massacre 30 Israel
May 2, 2004 Yelwa massacre ~630 Nigeria

See also