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List of liberal thinkers
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List of liberal thinkers

This text is part of
the Liberalism series
Liberalism
Liberalism in countries
Liberal parties
Liberal thinkers
Liberal International
ELDR (ALDE) - CALD
Liberal leaders
History of liberal parties

Democracy
Freedom (political)
Individual
Liberal democracy
Rule of law
Utilitarianism

Classical liberalism
Green liberalism
Individualism
Neoliberalism
New liberalism
Political liberalism
Small-l liberal
Social liberalism

Other ideologies
outside the series:
Capitalism
Centrism
Christian democracy
Conservatism
Fascism
Liberal conservatism
Liberal Islam
Libertarianism
Populism
Progressivism
Social democracy
Socialism
This is a list partial list of individuals strongly associated with the liberal tradition and instrumental in the exposition of political liberalism as a philosophy, in approximately chronological order, in a long line from Dutchman Baruch Spinoza, the Englishman John Locke and the Frenchman Voltaire to the Americans Ronald Dworkin, Richard Rorty and Francis Fukuyama as well as the Indian Amartya Sen and the Peruvian Hernando do Soto. Some of these people moved away from liberalism, while others espoused other ideologies before turning to liberalism. There are many different views of what constitute liberalism, and some liberals would feel that some of the people on this list were not true liberals. It is intended to be suggestive rather than exhaustive.

The following people are included:


This text is part of the Liberalism series (IV): Liberal thinkers
Liberalism I - Liberalism in countries II - Liberal parties III - Liberal thinkers IV Introduction article

These thinkers had an important influence on the development of liberal thinking:
Baruch Spinoza | John Locke | Voltaire | Benjamin Franklin | David Hume | Jean-Jacques Rousseau | Denis Diderot | Adam Smith | Charles de Montesquieu | Immanuel Kant | Thomas Paine | Thomas Jefferson | Marquis de Condorcet | Jeremy Bentham | Benjamin Constant | Wilhelm von Humboldt | James Mill | Johan Rudolf Thorbecke | Frédéric Bastiat | Alexis de Tocqueville | John Stuart Mill | Herbert Spencer | Thomas Hill Green | Ludwig Joseph Brentano | Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk; | Émile Durkheim | Friedrich Naumann | Max Weber | Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse | Benedetto Croce | Walther Rathenau | William Beveridge | Ludwig von Mises | John Maynard Keynes | José Ortega y Gasset | Salvador de Madariaga | Wilhelm Röpke | Bertil Ohlin | Friedrich August von Hayek | Karl Raimund Popper | John Hicks | Raymond Aron | John Kenneth Galbraith | Isaiah Berlin | James M. Buchanan | John Rawls | Ralf Dahrendorf | Karl-Hermann Flach | Ronald Dworkin | Richard Rorty | Amartya Sen | Hernando de Soto | William Kymlicka | Dirk Verhofstadt

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