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List of leaders of the Republic of China
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List of leaders of the Republic of China

This is a list of Heads of State of the Republic of China:

Table of contents
1 Military Governments
2 Provisional Presidents
3 Presidents (Beiyang Government)
4 Generalissimo of the Military Government
5 Extraordinary President
6 Generalissimo of the National Government
7 Chairmen of the National Government
8 Chairmen of the Standing Committee of the National Government
9 Chairmen of the National Government
10 Presidents (1947 Constitution)
11 See also

Military Governments

Begining with the Wuchang Uprising on October 11, 1911 and in the following two months, provincial military governments declared their independence from the Qing Empire under the name "Republic of China." On November 30, 1911, the "Central Military Government of the Republic of China" was established under the leadership of Li YŁan-hung.

Provisional Presidents

The "Republic of China" was formally proclaimed on January 1, 1912 and Sun Yat-sen took office in Nanjing as the first provisional president. Sun resigned on March 10 and was succeeded by former Qing Prime Minister Yuan Shikai. This moved the government to Beijing.

Presidents (Beiyang Government)

Yuan Shikai declared himself Emperor on December 22, 1915. The current ROC government considers the Beiyang Government after this point to be illegitimate. Popular opposition led Yuan to retract his declaration on March 22, 1916. Warlord Zhang Xun restored Aixinjueluo Puyi to the throne for twelve days from July 1 to July 12, 1917. The Beijing Government was extinguished by the Northern Expedition.

Generalissimo of the Military Government

The Kuomintang established a rival government in Guangzhou and declared legitimacy over the "warlord" government in Beijing (which they renamed Beiping since jing means "capital").

The KMT Government was headed collectively by the Governing Committee of the Military Government, viz., Sun Yat-sen, Tang Shaoyi, Wu Tingfang, Cen Chunxuan, Lu Rongting, Tang Jiyao, Lin Baoyi, from July 5 until August 21, 1918 when it was consolidated by Chairman of the Governing Committee Cen Chunxuan. On October 24, 1920 to May 4, 1921, figurehead duties were again given collectively to the Governing Committee of the Military Government, viz., Sun Yat-sen, Tang Shaoyi, Wu Tingfang, Tang Jiyao.

Extraordinary President

Generalissimo of the National Government

Chairmen of the National Government

Chairmen of the Standing Committee of the National Government

Chairmen of the National Government

The KMT established its capital in
Nanjing following the successful Northern Expedition. It relocated to Chongqing from 1937 to 1945 due to the Japanese invasion.

Presidents (1947 Constitution)

A new constitution took effect on December 25, 1947 and Chiang Kai-shek was subsequently elected President by the National Assembly. He resigned amid losses in the Chinese Civil War. The government moved from Nanjing to Taipei on December 8, 1949. Li had left for the United States in November 1949 and Chiang officially resumed his powers in March 1950.

See also