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List of Kings of Rome
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List of Kings of Rome


Topics in Roman mythology
Important Gods:
Jupiter *Mars *Quirinus *Vesta *Juno *Fortuna *Minerva *Mercury *Vulcan *Ceres *Venus *Lares
Legendary History:
*Aeneas *Romulus *Numa *Early Kings
Roman religion
*The Flamens
Greek/Roman myth compared
There were seven traditional Kings of Rome before the establishment of the Roman Republic. They were, according to the writings of Livy:

KingTraditional Reign
Romulus753 BC-716 BC
Numa Pompilius715 BC-674 BC
Tullus Hostilius673 BC-642 BC
Ancus Marcius642 BC-617 BC
Lucius Tarquinius Priscus616 BC-579 BC
Servius Tullius578 BC-535 BC
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus535 BC-510 BC

The earliest kings and dates may well be mythical.

Rome was, according to tradition, founded in 753 BC by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of the mortal woman Rhea Silvia and the god Mars, and raised by a female wolf. They were also descendants of Aeneas and the Trojan refugees whose story Virgil later told in his epic poem the Aeneid. Romulus killed Remus, and became the first king of Rome (see founding of Rome). Most of the succeeding six kings had Etruscan names, suggesting that members of the mature Etruscan civilization to the north of Rome dominated the city.

The last king was thrown out by the citizens and replaced by a republican government. The expulsion of the king and the founding of the Republic in 509 BC is sometimes presented as the breaking away of a Latin-speaking population from the control of an Etruscan ruling family.

On a more practical level, Rome only became possible after the drainage of the swamps that are the natural feature of the site. As the site was central to the early kingdom, it was the obvious spot to improve cohesion by locating centrally a market, a forum. This resulted in combining the Romans into one people and the rest is as they say history. Napoleon Bonaparte restored the drainage systems making excavation of the Forum Romanum possible.

See also