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List of historic counties of Hungary
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List of historic counties of Hungary

Since 1867 the administrative and political divisions of the lands belonging to the Hungarian crown have been in great measure remodelled. In 1868 Transylvania was definitely reunited to Hungary proper, and the town and district of Rijeka (Fiume) declared autonomous. In 1873 part of the Military Frontier was united with Hungary proper and part with Croatia-Slavonia. Hungary proper, according to ancient usage, was generally divided into four great divisions or circles, and Transylvania up to 1876 was regarded as the fifth.

In 1876 a general system of counties was introduced. According to this division Hungary proper was divided into seven circles, of which Transylvania forms one:

Table of contents
1 Rural Counties
2 Towns with municipal rights
3 Rijeka (Fiume)
4 Legend

Rural Counties

Hungary was divided into the following 71 counties:

Hungary proper

(a) The circle on the left bank of the Danube contained eleven counties:

  1. Árva (SK)
  2. Bars (SK)
  3. Esztergom (SK, H)
  4. Hont (SK)
  5. Liptó (SK)
  6. Nógrád (SK, H)
  7. Nyitra (SK) (see also Nitra)
  8. Pozsony (SK) (see also Bratislava)
  9. Trencsén (SK) (see also Trencin)
  10. Túróc (SK)
  11. Zólyom (SK) (see also Zvolen)

(b) The circle on the right bank of the Danube contained eleven counties :

  1. Baranya (H, HR)
  2. Fejér (H)
  3. Győr; (H)
  4. Komárom (SK, H)
  5. Moson (H, A, SK)
  6. Somogy (H)
  7. Sopron (H, A) (see also Sopron)
  8. Tolna (H)
  9. Vas (H, A)
  10. Veszprém (H) (see also Veszprém)
  11. Zala (H, HR)

(c) The circle between the Danube and Theiss (Tisza) contained five counties:

  1. Bács-Bodrog (H, SCG)
  2. Csongrád (H)
  3. Heves (H)
  4. Jász-Nagy-Kun-Szolnok (H) (see also Szolnok)
  5. Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun (H) (see also Budapest)

(d) The circle on the right bank of the Theiss contained eight counties:

  1. Abaúj-Torna (SK, H)
  2. Bereg (U, H) (see also Beregovo)
  3. Borsod (H)
  4. Gömör-és-Kis-Hont (SK)
  5. Sáros (SK)
  6. Szepes (SK)
  7. Ung (SK, U) (see also Uzh, Uzhhorod)
  8. Zemplén (SK, H)

(e) The circle on the left bank of the Theiss contained eight counties:

  1. Békés (H, ROM)
  2. Bihar (ROM, H) (see also Bihor)
  3. Hajdú (H)
  4. Máramaros(U, ROM) (see also Maramures and Sighetu Marmatiei)
  5. Szabolcs (H)
  6. Szatmár (ROM, H) (see also Satu Mare)
  7. Szilágy (ROM) (see also Salaj)
  8. Ugocsa (U, ROM)

(f) The circle between the Theiss and the Maros contained five counties:

  1. Arad (ROM, H) (see also Arad)
  2. Csanád (H)
  3. Krassó-Szörény (ROM) (see also Caras-Severin)
  4. Temes (ROM) (see also Timis)
  5. Torontál (SCG, ROM, H)

(g) Transylvania contained fifteen counties (all in present-day Romania):

  1. Alsó-Fehér (see also Alba de Jos)
  2. Besztercze-Naszód (see also Bistrita-Nasaud)
  3. Brassó (county) (see also Brasov (county)
  4. Csík (see also Ciuc)
  5. Fogaras (see also Fagaras)
  6. Háromszék (see also Treiscaune)
  7. Hunyad (see also Hunedoara (county))
  8. Kis-Küküllő (see also Tirnava Mica)
  9. Kolozs (see also Cluj)
  10. Maros-Torda (see Mures-Turda)
  11. Nagy-Küküllő (see also Tirnava Mare)
  12. Szeben (see also Sibiu)
  13. Szolnok-Doboka (see also Solnok-Dabica)
  14. Torda-Aranyos (see also Turda-Aries)
  15. Udvarhely (see also Odorheiu Secuiesc)

Croatia-Slavonia

Croatia-Slavonia was divided into eight counties (all, except for most of Szerém, in present-day
Croatia):

  1. Belovár-Körös (see also Bjelovar-Krizevci)
  2. Lika-Krbava (see also Lika-Krbava)
  3. Modrus-Fiume (see also Modrus-Rijeka)
  4. Pozsega (see also Pozega)
  5. Szerém (see also Srem, Serbia and Croatia)
  6. Varasd (see also Varazdin)
  7. Verőcze; (see also Virovitica)
  8. Zágráb (see also Zagreb)

Towns with municipal rights

Hungary was divided into the following 30 towns with municipal rights:

Hungary proper

Hungary proper had twenty-six urban counties or towns with municipal rights. These were: Arad, Baja, Debrecen, Györ, Hódmezővásárhely;, Kosice (Kassa), Kecskemét, Kolozsvár, Komárom, Tirgu-Mures (Maros-Vásárhely), Oradea (Nagyvárad), Pancevo (Pancsova), Pécs, Bratislava (Pozsony), Banska Stiavnica (Selmeczbánya), Banska Bela (Bélabánya), Sopron Szabadka, Satu Mare(Szatmár-Németi), Szeged, Székesfehérvár, Timisoara (Temesvár), Novi Sad (Újvidék), Vrsac (Versecz), Sombor (Zombor), and Budapest, the capital of the country.

Croatia-Slavonia

In Croatia-Slavonia there were four urban counties or towns with municipal rights namely: Osijek (Eszék), Varazdin (Varasd), Zagreb (Zágráb) and Zemun (Zimony)

Rijeka (Fiume)

The town and district of Rijeka (Fiume) formed a separate division. It was a subject of dispute between Hungary proper and Croatia-Slavonia and changed hands several times (its desirability as a seaport caused it to change hands even after the Hungarian-Croatian union eventually broke up).

Legend

  1. H = present-day Hungary
  2. SK= present-day Slovakia
  3. U = present-day Ukraine
  4. ROM= present-day Romania
  5. HR = present-day Croatia
  6. SCG = present-day Serbia and Montenegro
  7. SLO = present-day Slovenia