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List of food additives
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List of food additives

The numbers below are internationally assigned by the Codex Alimentarius Committee to different food additives for use on labels, to allow each additive to be uniquely identified.

In the European Community, approved food additives are written with a prefix of 'E'. Australia and New Zealand have their own set of approved additives, which are not written with a prefix letter. In the table below, food additives approved for Europe are listed with an E, and those approved for Australia and New Zealand with an A.

Number Approv. Names Type
100 A E turmeric, curcumin colour
101 A E riboflavin, vitamin B2 colour
102 A E tartrazine colour (FDA: FD&C Yellow #5)
103 A alkanet colour (red)
104 A E Quinoline yellow colour (FDA: D&C Yellow #10)
107 E Yellow 2G colour
110 A E Sunset Yellow FCF colour (FDA: FD&C Yellow #6)
120 A E cochineal, carmines colour (red)
121 Citrus red 2 colour
122 A E azorubine, carmoisine colour (FDA: Ext D&C Red #10)
123 E amaranth colour (FDA: [DELISTED] Red #2)
124 A E Brilliant Scarlet 4R, Ponceau 4R colour (FDA: Ext D&C Red #8)
125 Ponceau SX colour
127 E erythrosine colour (FDA: FD&C Red #3)
128 E Red 2G colour
129 A E Allura red AC colour (FDA: FD&C Red #40)
131 E Patent blue V colour
132 A E indigo carmine, indigotine colour (FDA: FD&C Blue #2)
133 A E Brilliant blue FCF colour (FDA: FD&C Blue #1)
140 A E chlorophylls colour
141 A E copper chlorophylls colour
142 A E Green S colour
143 A E Fast green FCF colour (FDA: FD&C Green #3)
150a A E caramel I - plain colour
150b A E caramel II - caustic sulphite process colour
150c A E caramel III - ammonia process colour
150d A E caramel IV - ammonia sulphite process colour
151 A E Brilliant Black BN colour
153 A E vegetable carbon, carbon black colour
154 E Brown FK colour
155 A E Chocolate Brown HT colour
160a A E carotenes colour
160b E annatto, bixin, norbixin colour
160c A E paprika extract, capsanthin colour
160d A E lycopene colour
160e A E beta-apo-8'-carotenal colour
160f A E beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid ester colour
161a A flavoxanthin colour
161b A E lutein colour
161c A kryptoxanthin colour
161d A rubixanthin colour
161e A violoxanthin colour
161f A rhodoxanthin colour
161g E canthaxanthin colour
162 A E beet red colour
163 A E anthocyanins colour
164 A Saffron, crocetin and crocin
170 E calcium carbonates colour, anticaking agent, stabiliser
171 A E titanium dioxide colour
172 A E iron oxides and hydroxides colour
173 E aluminium colour
174 E silver colour
175 E gold colour
180 E litholrubine, latolrubine colour
181 E tannins colour, emulsifier, stabiliser, thickener
182 orchil colour
200 E sorbic acid preservative
201 sodium sorbate preservative
202 E potassium sorbate preservative
203 E calcium sorbate preservative
209 heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
210 E benzoic acid preservative
211 A E sodium benzoate preservative
212 A E potassium benzoate preservative
213 A E calcium benzoate preservative
214 E ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
215 E sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
216 A E propylparaben preservative
217 E propyl sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
218 A E methylparaben preservative
219 E sodium methyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
220 A E sulphur dioxide preservative, antioxidant
221 A E sodium sulphite preservative, antioxidant
222 A E sodium hydrogen sulphite preservative, antioxidant
223 A E sodium metabisulphite preservative, antioxidant, bleaching agent
224 A E potassium metabisulphite preservative, antioxidant
225 A potassium sulphite preservative, antioxidant
226 E calcium sulphite preservative, antioxidant
227 E calcium bisulphite preservative, antioxidant
228 A E potassium bisulphite preservative, antioxidant
230 E biphenyl, diphenyl preservative
231 E orthophenyl phenol, 2-hydroxybiphenyl preservative
232 E sodium orthophenyl phenol preservative
233 thiabendazole preservative
234 A E nisin preservative
235 A E pimaricin, natamycin preservative
236 formic acid preservative
237 sodium formate preservative
238 calcium formate preservative
239 E hexamethylene tetramine, hexamine preservative
240 formaldehyde preservative
241 gum guaicum preservative
242 A E dimethyl dicarbonate preservative
249 A E potassium nitrite preservative, colour fixative
250 A E sodium nitrite preservative, colour fixative
251 A E sodium nitrate preservative, colour fixative
252 A potassium nitrate preservative, colour fixative
260 A E glacial acetic acid preservative, acidity regulator
261 A E potassium acetates preservative, acidity regulator
262 A E sodium acetates preservative, acidity regulator
263 A E calcium acetate preservative, acidity regulator
264 A ammmonium acetate preservative, acidity regulator
265 dehydroacetic acid preservative
266 sodium dehydroacetate preservative
270 A E lactic acid acidity regulator
280 A E propionic acid preservative
281 A E sodium propionate preservative
282 A E calcium propionate preservative
283 A E potassium propionate preservative
284 E boric acid preservative
285 E sodium tetraborate, borax preservative
290 A E carbon dioxide propellant
296 A E malic acid acidity regulator
297 A E fumaric acid acidity regulator
300 A E ascorbic acid antioxidant (water soluble)
301 A E sodium ascorbate antioxidant (water soluble)
302 A E calcium ascorbate antioxidant (water soluble)
303 A potassium ascorbate antioxidant (water soluble)
304 A E ascorbyl palmitate, ascorbyl stearate antioxidant (fat soluble)
306 A E tocopherol concentrate antioxidant
307 A E dl-alpha-tocopherol antioxidant
308 A E gamma-tocopherol antioxidant
309 A E delta-tocopherol antioxidant
310 A E propyl gallate antioxidant
311 A E octyl gallate antioxidant
312 A E dodecyl gallate antioxidant
315 A E erythorbic acid antioxidant
316 A E sodium erythorbate antioxidant
319 A tert-butylhydroquinone antioxidant
320 A E butylated hydroxyanisole, BHA antioxidant (fat soluble)
321 A E butylated hydroxytoluene, BHT antioxidant (fat soluble)
322 A E lecithins antioxidant, emulsifier
325 A E sodium lactate food acid
326 A E potassium lactate food acid
327 A E calcium lactate food acid
328 A ammonium lactate food acid
329 A magnesium lactate food acid
330 A E citric acid food acid
331 A E sodium citrates food acid
332 A E potassium citrates food acid
333 A E calcium citrate food acid
334 A E tartaric acid food acid
335 A E sodium tartrates food acid
336 A E potassium tartrates food acid
337 A E potassium sodium tartrate food acid
338 A E phosphoric acid food acid
339 A E sodium phosphates mineral salt
340 A E potassium phosphates mineral salt
341 A E calcium phosphates mineral salt
342 A ammonium phosphates mineral salt
343 A E magnesium phosphates mineral salt
349 A ammonium malate food acid
350 A E sodium malates food acid
351 A E potassium malate food acid
352 A E calcium malates food acid
353 A E metatartaric acid food acid
354 A E calcium tartrate food acid
355 A E adipic acid food acid
356 E sodium adipate food acid
357 A E potassium adipate food acid
363 E succinic acid food acid
365 A sodium fumarate food acid
366 A potassium fumarate food acid
367 A calcium fumarate food acid
368 A ammonium fumarate food acid
370 1,4-heptonolactone food acid
375 A niacin, (vitamin B3) colour retention agent
380 A E triammonium citrate food acid
381 A ferric ammonium citrate food acid
385 A E calcium disodium EDTA preservative
400 A E alginic acid thickener, vegetable gum
401 A E sodium alginate thickener, vegetable gum
402 A E potassium alginate thickener, vegetable gum
403 A E ammonium alginate thickener, vegetable gum
404 A E calcium alginate thickener, vegetable gum
405 A E propylene gloycol alginate thickener, vegetable gum
406 A E agar thickener, vegetable gum
407 A E carrageenan thickener, vegetable gum
407a A E processed eucheuma seaweed thickener, vegetable gum
409 A arabinogalactan thickener, vegetable gum
410 A E locust bean gum thickener, vegetable gum
412 A E guar gum thickener, vegetable gum
413 A E tragacanth thickener, vegetable gum
414 A E acacia, gum arabic thickener, vegetable gum
415 A E xanthan gum thickener, vegetable gum
416 A E karaya gum thickener, vegetable gum
417 E tara gum thickener, vegetable gum
418 A E gellan gum thickener, vegetable gum
420 A E sorbitol humectant
421 A E mannitol humectant
422 A E glycerin humectant
425 E konjac thickener, vegetable gum
431 E polyoxyethylene (40) stearate emulsifier
432 E polysorbate 20 emulsifier
433 A E polysorbate 80 emulsifier
434 E polysorbate 40 emulsifier
435 A E polysorbate 60 emulsifier
436 A E polysorbate 65 emulsifier
440 A E pectin vegetable gum
441 A E gelatine (not classified as an additive) gelling agent
442 A E ammonium phosphatides emulsifier
444 A E sucrose acetate isobutyrate emulsifier, stabiliser
445 E glycerol esters of wood rosin emulsifier
450 A E diphosphates mineral salt
451 A E triphosphates mineral salt
452 A E polyphosphates mineral salt
459 E beta-cyclodextrine
460 A E powdered cellulose anti-caking agent
461 A E methylcellulose thickener, vegetable gum
463 E hydroxypropyl cellulose thickener, vegetable gum
464 A E hydroxypropyl methylcellulose thickener, vegetable gum
465 A E methyl ethyl cellulose thickener, vegetable gum
466 A E sodium carboxymethylcellulose thickener, vegetable gum
470 A magnesium stearate emulsifier, stabiliser
470 E salts of fatty acids emulsifier, stabiliser
471 A E mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
472a A E acetic acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472b A E lactic acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472c A E citric acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472d A E tartaric acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472e A E diacetyltartaric acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472f E mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of 471 emulsifier
473 A E sucrose esters of fatty acids emulsifier
474 E sucroglycerides emulsifier
475 A E polyglycerol esters of fatty acids emulsifier
476 A E polyglycerol polyricinoleate emulsifier
477 A E propylene glycol esters of fatty acids emulsifier
479b E thermally oxidised soya bean oil emulsifier
480 A dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate emulsifier
481 A E sodium stearoyl lactylate emulsifier
482 A E calcium stearoyl lactylate emulsifier
483 E stearyl tartarate emulsifier
491 A E sorbitan monostearate emulsifier
492 A E sorbitan tristearate emulsifier
493 sorbitan monolaurate emulsifier
494 E sorbitan monooleate emulsifier
495 E sorbitan monopalmitate emulsifier
500 A E sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate mineral salt
501 A E potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate mineral salt
503 A E ammonium carbonate, ammonium bicarbonate mineral salt
504 A E magnesium carbonate anti-caking agent, mineral salt
507 A E hydrochloric acid acidity regulator
508 A E potassium chloride mineral salt
509 A E calcium chloride mineral salt
510 A ammonium chloride mineral salt
511 A E magnesium chloride mineral salt
512 A E stannous chloride colour retention agent
513 E sulphuric acid acidity regulator
514 A E sodium sulphate mineral salt
515 A E potassium sulphate mineral salt
516 A E calcium sulphate flour treatment agent, mineral salt
517 E ammonium sulphate mineral salt
518 A magneisum sulphate mineral salt
519 A cupric sulphate mineral salt
520 E aluminium sulphate mineral salt
521 E aluminium sodium sulphate mineral salt
522 E aluminium potassium sulphate mineral salt
523 E aluminium ammonium sulphate mineral salt
524 E sodium hydroxide mineral salt
525 E potassium hydroxide mineral salt
526 A E calcium hydroxide mineral salt
527 E ammonium hydroxide mineral salt
528 E magnesium hydroxide mineral salt
529 A E calcium oxide mineral salt
530 E magnesium oxide anti-caking agent
535 A E sodium ferrocyanide anti-caking agent
536 A E potassium ferrocyanide anti-caking agent
538 E calcium ferrocyanide anti-caking agent
540 dicalcium diphosphate anti-caking agent
541 A E sodium aluminium phosphate acidity regulator, emulsifier
542 A bone phosphate anti-caking agent
544 calcium polyphosphates anti-caking agent
545 ammonium polyphosphates anti-caking agent
551 A E silicon dioxide anti-caking agent
552 A E calcium silicate anti-caking agent
553a E magnesium silicate anti-caking agent
553b A E talc anti-caking agent
554 A E sodium aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
555 E potassium aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
556 A E calcium aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
558 A E bentonite anti-caking agent
559 A E kaolin, aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
570 A E stearic acid anti-caking agent
575 A E glucono-delta-lactone acidity regulator
576 E sodium gluconate stabiliser
577 A E potassium gluconate stabiliser
578 A E calcium gluconate acidity regulator
579 A E ferrous gluconate colour retention agent
585 E ferrous lactate
620 A E glutamic acid flavour enhancer
621 A E monosodium glutamate, MSG flavour enhancer
622 A E monopotassium glutamate flavour enhancer
623 A E calcium diglutamate flavour enhancer
624 A E monoammonium glutamate flavour enhancer
625 A E magnesium diglutamate flavour enhancer
626 guanylic acid flavour enhancer
627 A E disodium guanylate flavour enhancer
628 E dipotassium guanylate flavour enhancer
629 E calcium guanylate flavour enhancer
630 E inosinic acid flavour enhancer
631 A E disodium inosinate flavour enhancer
632 E dipotassium inosinate flavour enhancer
633 E calcium inosinate flavour enhancer
634 E calcium 5'-ribonucleotides flavour enhancer
635 A E disodium 5'-ribonucleotides flavour enhancer
636 A maltol flavour enhancer
637 A ethyl maltol flavour enhancer
640 A E glycine flavour enhancer
641 A leucine flavour enhancer
650 E zinc acetate flavour enhancer
900 A E dimethylpolysiloxane emulsifier, anti-caking agent
901 A E beeswax glazing agent
902 E candelilla wax glazing agent
903 A E carnauba wax glazing agent
904 A E shellac glazing agent
905 A E paraffins glazing agent
907 refined microcrystalline wax glazing agent
912 E montanic acid esters humectant
914 A E oxidised polyethylene wax humectant
920 A E L-cysteine flour treatment agent
924 potassium bromate flour treatment agent
925 A chlorine flour treatment agent
926 A chlorine dioxide flour treatment agent
927b E carbamide flour treatment agent
928 A benzoyl peroxide flour treatment agent
938 E argon propellant
939 E helium propellant
941 A E nitrogen propellant
942 A E nitrous oxide propellant
943a E butane propellant
943b E isobutane propellant
950 A E acesulphame potassium artificial sweetener
951 A E aspartame artificial sweetener
952 A E cyclamic acid, cyclamates artificial sweetener
953 A E isomalt humectant
954 A E saccharin artificial sweetener
955 A sucralose artificial sweetener
956 A alitame artificial sweetener
957 A E thaumatin flavour enhancer, artificial sweetener
959 E neohesperidine DC artificial sweetener
965 A E maltitol humectant, stabiliser
966 A E lactitol humectant
967 A E xylitol humectant, stabiliser
999 E quillaia extract humectant
1001 A choline salts and esters emulsifier
1100 A amylases flour treatment agent
1102 A glucose oxidase antioxidant
1103 E invertase ?
1104 A lipases flavour enhancer
1105 A E lysozyme preservative
1200 A E polydextrose humectant
1201 A E poly vinyl pyrrolidone mineral salt
1202 A E polyvinylpolypyrrolidone colour stabiliser
1400 A dextrin roasted starch thickener, vegetable gum
1401 A acid treated starch thickener, vegetable gum
1402 A alkaline treated starch thickener, vegetable gum
1403 A bleached starch thickener, vegetable gum
1404 A E oxidised starch thickener, vegetable gum
1405 A enzyme treated starch thickener, vegetable gum
1410 A E monostarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1412 A E distarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1413 A E phosphated distarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1414 A E acetylated distarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1420 A E acetylated starch thickener, vegetable gum
1422 A E acetylated distarch adipate thickener, vegetable gum
1440 A E hydroxypropyl starch thickener, vegetable gum
1442 A E hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1450 A E starch sodium octenylsuccinate thickener, vegetable gum
1451 E acetylated oxidised starch thickener, vegetable gum
1505 A E triethyl citrate thickener, vegetable gum
1510 ethanol (not classified as an additive) alcohol
1518 A E triacetin humectant
1520 A E propylene glycol humectant
1521 A polyethylene glycol 8000 antifoaming agent