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List of European rivers with alternative names
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List of European rivers with alternative names

Most rivers in Europe have alternative names in different languages. Some rivers have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names for all major European rivers. It also includes some lesser rivers that are important because of their location or history.

This article does not offer any opinion about what the "original", "official", "real", or "correct" name of any river is or was. Rivers are listed alphabetically by their current best-known name in English. The English version is followed by variants in other languages, in alphabetical order by name, and then by any historical variants and former names.

Foreign names that are the same as their English equivalents may be listed, to provide an answer to the question "What is that name in..."?.

Table of contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

at Berne]]
English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Aar Aare (German)
Adige Adige (Italian), Etsch (German)

B

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Brda Brahe (German), Brda (Polish)

D

at Porto]]
English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Danube Afon Donwy (Welsh), Danube (French), Danubio (Italian), Danubius or Ister (Latin), Donau (Danish, Dutch, German, Swedish), Duna (Hungarian), Dunaj (Czech, Polish, Slovak), Dunăre / Dunărea (Romanian), Dunav (Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian), Dunay (Ukrainian)
Dordogne Dordogna (Italian), Dordogne (French)
Douro Douro (Portuguese), Duero (Italian, Spanish), Durius (Latin)

E

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Elbe Albis (Latin), Elba (Italian), Elbe (German), Łaba (Polish), Labe (Czech)
Ems Eems (Dutch), Ems (German), Emže (Czech)
Enns Enns (German), Enže (Czech)

G

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Garonne Garonna (Italian), Garonne (French)
Gironde Gironda (Italian), Gironde (French)

I

at Innsbruck]]

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Inn En (Romansh), Inn (German)

K

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Krka Cherca (Italian), Krka (Croatian)

L

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Loire Loira (Italian), Loire (French)

M

at Wrzburg]]
English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Main Main (French, German), Men (Polish), Meno (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Mohan (Czech, Slovak)
Moselle Mosel (German), Mosella (Italian, Latin), Moselle (French)

N

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Neman Memel (German), Němen (Czech), Nemunas (Lithuanian), Niemen (Polish), Njemen (Swedish), Nyoman - Нёман (Belarusian)

O

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Oder Oder (French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Odera or Oddera (medieval Latin), Odra (Czech, Polish, Slovak), Viadua or Viadrus (ancient Latin)

P

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Po Padus or Eridanus (Latin), Pd (Czech), Po (Italian)
Piave Piave (Italian), Plav (Czech)

R

]]
English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Rhine Rajna (Hungarian), Reno (Italian), Rhein (German), Rhenus (Latin), Rhin (French), Rijn (Dutch), Rn (Czech, Slovak)
Rhne Rhodanus (Latin), Rhne (French), Rodano (Italian), Rose (Occitan)

S

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Sane Saona (Italian), Sane (French)
Soca Isonzo (Italian), Soča (Slovene)
Spree Spree (German), Sprva (Czech)

T

in Rome]]
English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Tagus Tago (Italian), Tagus (Latin), Tajo (Spanish), Tejo (Portuguese)
Thames Tamigi (Italian), Temže (Czech), Themse (German)
Tiber Tevere (Italian), Tiber (Czech, German, Latin)

V

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Vistula Vistola (Italian), Vistula (Latin), Weichsel (German), Wisła (Polish)
Vltava Moldau (German), Vltava (Czech)
Volga Volga (Italian), Volga - Волга (Russian), Volha (Czech), Wolga (German)

W

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Weser Weser (German), Visurgis (Latin)

See also