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List of European regions with alternative names
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List of European regions with alternative names

Most regions and provinces of Europe have alternative names in different languages. Some regions have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names for all major European regions, provinces, and territories. It also includes some lesser regions that are important because of their location or history.

This article does not offer any opinion about what the "original", "official", "real", or "correct" name of any region is or was. Regions are listed alphabetically by their current best-known name in English. The English version is followed by variants in other languages, in alphabetical order by name, and then by any historical variants and former names.

Foreign names that are the same as their English equivalents may be listed, to provide an answer to the question "What is that name in..."?.

Table of contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Ĺland Ahvenanmaa (Finnish), Ĺland (Swedish), Alandia (Latin)
Algarve Algarbia (Latin), Algarve (German, Italian, Portuguese)
Angermannia Ĺngermanland (Swedish), Angermannia (Latin)
Anhalt Anhalt (Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish), Anhaltsko (Czech), Anholt (Afrikaans)
Apulia Apulia (Latin, Polish), Apúlia (Portuguese), Apulie (Czech), Apulië (Dutch), Apulien (German), Apulija (Lithuanian), Pouille (variant in French [rare]), Pouilles (French), Puglia (Italian, Romanian), Puglie (variant in Italian)

B

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Baden Bade (French), Baden (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish), Baden - Баден (Serbian), Badenia (Polish), Bádensko (Czech)
Baden-Württemberg Bade-Wurtemberg (French), Baden-Virtemberg - Баден-Виртемберг (Serbian), Baden-Wuerttemberg (Portuguese), Baden-Wúrtemberch (Frisian), Baden-Wurtemberg (Spanish), Baden-Wurttemberg (Romanian, variant in English), Baden-Württemberg (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Slovene, Swedish), Badenia-Wirtembergia (Polish), Bádensko-Würtembersko (Czech)
Bahusia Bahusia (Latin), Bohuslän (Swedish)
Bavaria Baieri (Estonian), Baijeri (Finnish), Bajorország (Hungarian), Bavaria (Latin, Romanian), Bavarija (Lithuanian), Bavarska (Bosnian, Croatian, Slovene), Baviera (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Bavičre (French), Bavorsko (Czech), Bavyera (Turkish), Bawaria (Polish), Bayern (Danish, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Swedish), Beieren (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian)
Białowieża; Bělověž (Czech), Białowieża (Polish)
Blechingia Blechingia (Latin), Blekinge (Swedish)
Brabant Brabân (Frisian), Brabancja (Polish), Brabante (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Brabant (Dutch, French, German, Hungarian, Swedish)
Brandenburg Brandebourg (French), Brandeburgo (Italian, Spanish), Brandemburgo (Portuguese, variant in Spanish), Brandenburch (Frisian), Brandenburg (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish), Brandenburgia (Polish), Braniborsko (Czech), Brannenborch (Low Saxon)
Burgundy Borgogna (Italian), Borgonha (Portuguese), Bourgondië (Dutch), Bourgogne (French), Burgund (German, Swedish), Burgundia (Hungarian, Polish)

C

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Carinthia Kärnten (German), Koroška (Slovenian)
Catalonia Catalogna (Italian), Catalogne (French), Cataluńa (Spanish), Catalunha (Portuguese), Catalunya (Catalan), Katalánsko (Czech), Katalónia (Hungarian), Katalonia (Polish), Katalonien (German), Katalonya (Turkish)
Crete Candia (variant in Italian), Creta (Italian, Latin, Portuguese), Kréta (Czech, Hungarian), Kreta (German, Polish)

D

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Dalecarlia Dalarna (Swedish), Dalecarlia (Italian, Latin), Taalainmaa (Finnish)
Dalia Dalia (Latin), Dália (Portuguese), Dalsland (Swedish)
Drenthe Drenthe (Dutch, German), Drinte (Frisian)

E

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Euboea Eubea (Italian), Euboea (Latin), Évvia (Greek), Negroponte (old Italian name)

F

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Finland Proper Egentliga Finland (Swedish), Varsinais-Suomi (Finnish)
Friuli Forojulium or Forum Julium (Latin), Friaul (German), Friűl (Friulian), Friuli (Italian)

G

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Galicia (Central Europe) Galiitsia (Estonian), Galicië (Dutch), Galicja or Halicz (Polish), Galiţia (Romanian), Galizia (Italian), Galizien (German), Halič (Czech), Halychyna - Галичина (Ukrainian)
Galicia (Spain) Gallaecia (Latin), Galice (French), Galicia (Galician, Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Galicië (Dutch), Galicien (German), Galiçya (Turkish), Galisja (alternative Polish name), Galiza (alternative Galician name, Portuguese), Galizia (Italian)
Gelderland Gelderlân (Frisian), Gelderland (Dutch, German, Swedish), Gheldria (Italian), Guelders (alternative English name), Gueldre (French), Güeldres (Spanish), Guéldria (Portuguese)
Gestricia Gästrikland (Swedish), Gestricia (Latin), Gestriklanti (Finnish)
Götaland Göötanmaa (Finnish). Götaland (Swedish), Gothia (Latin), Gotland or Geatland (variants in English)
Gotlandia Gotland (Swedish), Gotlandia (Latin), Gotlanti (Finnish)
Groningen Grinslân (Frisian), Groningen (Dutch, German), Groningue (French), Groninga (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Grunnen, Grönnen, or Grunn'n (Gronings)

H

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Hallandia Halland (Swedish), Hallandia (Latin), Hallanti (Finnish)
Helsingia Hälsingland (Swedish), Helsingia (Latin), Helsinglanti (Finnish)
Herdalia Härjedalen (Swedish), Herdalia (Latin)
Hesse Assia (Italian), Hesensko (Czech), Hesja (Polish), Hessa (Romanian), Hesse (French, Spanish), Hessen (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish)
Holland Batavia (alternative Latin name), Holanda (Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish), Holandia (Polish), Holandija (Serbian), Hollân (Frisian), Holland (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Swedish), Hollanda (Turkish), Hollande (French), Hollandia (Hungarian, Latin), Hollanti (Finnish), Olanda (Italian), Olandhía - Ολλανδία (Greek), Olandija (Lithuanian), an Ollainn (Irish)
Note: Holland is a region of the Netherlands, although the name is often used to refer to the whole country.
Holstein Holsteen (Low Saxon), Holstein (Afrikaans, Croatian, Dutch, Estonian, French, Frisian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish), Holsten or Holstein (Danish), Holštýnsko (Czech), Holsztyn (Polish)

I

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Ingria Ingermanland (Swedish), Ingria (Italian, Latin), Inkeri (Ingrian)

J

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Jemtia Jämtland (Swedish), Jemtia (Latin)
Jutland Jutsko (Czech), Jylland (Danish), Jütland (German, Hungarian), Jutlandia (Polish)

K

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Karelia Carelia (Italian), Karelen (Swedish), Karélia (Hungarian), Karelia (Latin, Polish), Karelien (German), Karelija - Карелия (Russian), Karjala (Finnish, Karelian)

L

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Laponia (Sweden) Laponia (Latin), Lapónia (Portuguese), Lappland (Swedish)
Limburg Limbourg (French), Limburch (Frisian), Limburg (Dutch, German, Swedish), Limburgia (Polish)
Lombardy Langobardia (Latin), Lombardei (German), Lombardia (Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian), Lombardía (Spanish), Lombardie (French)
Lower Austria Niederösterreich (German)
Lower Saxony Alam-Saksi (Estonian), Alsó-Szászország (Hungarian), Baja Sajonia (Spanish), Bassa Sassonia (Italian), Baixa Saxónia (Portuguese), Basse-Saxe (French), Dolna Saksonia (Polish), Dolní Sasko (Czech), Donja Saksonija (Bosnian), Donja Saska (Croatian), Neddersassen (Low Saxon), Nedersaksen (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian), Niedersachsen (Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Saxonia Joasă or Saxonia de Jos (Romanian), Spodnja Saška (Slovene)

M

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Masovia Masovia or Mazovia (Italian, Latin), Masowien (German), Mazóvia (Hungarian), Mazowsze (Polish)
Mecklenburg Mecklembourg (French), Mecklemburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Mecklenburg (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish), Meclenburgo (Italian), Mekelborg (Low Saxon), Meklemburgia (Polish), Meklenburch (Frisian), Meklenbursko (Czech)
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Mecklembourg-Poméranie occidentale (French), Mecklemburgo-Pomerânia Ocidental (Portuguese), Mecklemburgo-Pomerania Occidental (Spanish), Mecklenburg-Voorpommeren (Afrikaans), Mecklenburg-Voorpommeren or Mecklenburg-Voor-Pommeren (Dutch), Mecklenburg-Elő-Pomeránia (Hungarian), Mecklenburg-Pomorjansko (Slovene), Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Meclenburgo-Pomerania Occidentale (Italian), Mekelborg-Vörpommern (Low Saxon), Meklemburgia-Pomorze Przednie (Polish), Meklenburch-Foarpommeren (Frisian), Meklenbursko-Přední Pomořansko (Czech)
Medelpadia Medelpad (Swedish), Medelpadia (Latin)

N

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Nericia Nericia (Latin), Nerike or Närke (Swedish)
North Rhine Észak-Rajna (Hungarian), Nadrenia Północna (Polish), Noardryn (Frisian), Noordrijn (Dutch), Noordryn (Afrikaans), Nord Reno (Italian), Nordrhein (Danish, Estonian, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Renania del Norte (Spanish), Renânia do Norte (Portuguese), Rhénanie-du-Nord (French), Severno Porenje (Slovene), Severní Porýní (Czech), Sjeverno Porajnje (Croatian)
North Rhine-Westphalia Észak-Rajna-Vesztfália (Hungarian), Nadrenia Północna-Westfalia (Polish), Noardryn-Westfalen (Frisian), Noordrijn-Westfalen (Dutch), Noordryn-Wesfalen (Afrikaans), Nord Reno-Westfalia (Italian), Nordrhein-Westfalen (Danish, Estonian, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Renania del Norte-Westfalia (Spanish), Renânia do Norte-Vestfália (Portuguese), Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie (French), Severno Porenje-Vestfalija (Slovene), Severní Porýní-Vestfálsko (Czech), Sjeverno Porajnje-Zapadna Falačka (Croatian)
Nylandia Nyland (Swedish), Nylandia (Latin, Polish), Uusimaa (Finnish)

O

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Oelandia Oelandia (Latin), Öland (Swedish), Öölanti (Finnish)
Ostrobothnia Österbotten (Swedish), Ostrobothnia (Latin), Pohjanmaa (Finnish)
Ostrogothia Östergötland (Swedish), Ostrogothia (Latin)
Overijssel Oerisel (Frisian), Overijssel (Dutch, German)

P

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Palatinate Falcko (Czech), Palatinado (Portuguese, Spanish), Palatinat (French, Romanian), Palatinato (Italian), Palatynat (Polish), Palts (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian), Palz (Low Saxon), Pfalz (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Slovene, Swedish)
Piedmont (Italy) Pedemontium (Latin), Piëmont (Dutch), Piémont (French), Piemont (German, Polish, Romanian), Piemonte (Italian, Portuguese)
Pomerania Pomeránia (Hungarian), Pomerania (Italian, Spanish), Pomerania or Pomorania (Latin), Pomerânia (Portuguese), Poméranie (French), Pommeren (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian), Pommern and Pommerellen (German), Pomořansko (Czech), Pomorze (Polish), Pňmňrze (Pomeranian), Pňmňrskô (Kashubian)

Prussia Borussia or Prussia (Latin), Poroszország (Hungarian), Preußen (Preussen) (German), Prusai (Lithuanian), Prussia (Italian), Prússia (Portuguese), Prusy (Polish)

R

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Rhineland Nadrenia (Polish), Porenje (Slovene), Porýní (Czech), Rajna-vidék (Hungarian), Renania (Italian, Romanian, Spanish), Renânia (Portuguese), Rheinland (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Rhénanie (French), Rijnland (Dutch), Rynlân (Frisian), Rynland (Afrikaans)
Rhineland-Palatinate Nadrenia-Palatynat (Polish), Porenje-Pfalz (Slovene), Porýní-Falcko (Czech), Rajna-vidék-Pfalz (Hungarian), Renânia-Palatinado (Portuguese), Renania-Palatinado (Spanish), Renania-Palatinat (Romanian), Renania-Palatinato (Italian), Rheinland-Palz (Low Saxon), Rheinland-Pfalz (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Rhénanie-Palatinat (French), Rijnland-Palts (Dutch), Rynlân-Palts (Frisian), Rynland-Palts (Afrikaans)

S

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Saarland Saara (Polish), Saarimaa (Estonian), Saarlân (Frisian), Saarland (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, German, Italian, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Saar-vidék (Hungarian), Sarre (French, Portuguese, Spanish), Sársko (Czech)
Satakunda Satakunda (Swedish), Satakunta (Finnish)
Savonia Savo (Finnish), Savolax (Swedish), Savonia (Latin)
Saxony Sachsen (Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Sajonia (Spanish), Saksen (Afrikaans, Dutch, Frisian), Saksimaa (Estonian), Saksonia (Polish), Saksonija (Bosnian, Lithuanian), Saska (Croatian), Sasko (Czech), Sassen (Low Saxon), Sassonia (Italian), Saxe (French), Saxónia (Portuguese), Saxonia (Romanian), Szászország (Hungarian)
Saxony-Anhalt Sachsen-Anhalt (Croatian, Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Sajonia-Anhalt (Spanish), Saksen-Anhalt (Dutch, Frisian), Saksen-Anholt (Afrikaans), Saksi-Anhalt (Estonian), Saksonia-Anhalt (Polish), Sasko-Anhaltsko (Czech), Sassen-Anhalt (Low Saxon), Sassonia-Anhalt (Italian), Saxe-Anhalt (French), Saxónia-Anhalt (Portuguese), Saxonia-Anhalt (Romanian), Szász-Anhalt (Hungarian)
Scania Scania (Italian, Latin), Schonen (German), Skĺne (Danish, Swedish), Skania (Polish), Skoone (Finnish)
Schleswig Schleswig (Croatian, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish), Šlesvicko (Czech), Sleeswijk (Dutch), Sleeswyk (Afrikaans, Frisian), Slesvig (Danish), Szlezwik (Polish)
Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein (Croatian, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish), Šlesvicko-Holštýnsko (Czech), Sleeswijk-Holstein (Dutch), Sleeswyk-Holstein (Afrikaans, Frisian), Sleswig-Holsteen (Low Saxon), Slesvig-Holsten or Schleswig-Holstein (Danish), Szlezwik-Holsztyn (Polish)
Silesia Schlesien (German, Norwegian), Silesia (Latin, Spanish), Silésie (French), Silezië (Dutch), Śląsk (Polish), Slesia (Italian), Šlezija (Slovene), Slezsko (Czech), Ślonsk or Ślunsk (local Silesian dialect), Szilézia (Hungarian)
Smalandia Smĺland (Swedish), Smalandia (Latin), Smoolanti (Finnish)
Styria Stájerország (Hungarian), Steiermark (German), Stiria (Italian), Štýrsko (Czech)
Sudermannia Södermanland (Swedish), Södermanlanti (Finnish), Sudermannia (Latin)

T

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Tavastia Häme (Finnish), Tavastia (Latin), Tavastland (Swedish)
Terra Scania Terra Scania (Latin), Skĺneland (Danish, Swedish)
Thuringia Durynsko (Czech), Thuringe (French), Thuringen (Afrikaans), Thüringen (Croatian, Danish, Dutch, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Swedish), Túringen (Frisian), Türingia (Hungarian), Turingia (Italian, Romanian, Spanish), Turíngia (Portuguese), Turyngia (Polish), Tüüringi (Estonian)
Transylvania Ardeal (variant in Romanian), Chiskarpatya - Чискарпатя (Ukrainian), Erdély (Hungarian), Sedmihradsko (Czech), Siedmiogród or Transylwania (Polish), Siebenbürgen (German), Transilvania (Italian, Romanian), Transilvânia (Portuguese), Transsylvanië (Dutch), Transsylvanien (Swedish), Transylvania (Latin), Transylvanie (French), Urdul (Turkish), Zivenbork or Transilvaneye (Walloon)
Tuscany Toscana (Danish, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Swedish), Toscane (Dutch, French), Toskana (German), Toskania (Polish), Tuscia (Latin)
Tyrol Tirol (German), Tirolo (Italian)

U

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Umbria Ombrie (French), Umbria (Hungarian, Italian, Latin, Polish, Romanian), Umbrien (German)
Uplandia Uplandia (Latin), Uplanti (Finnish), Uppland (Swedish)
Upper Austria Oberösterreich (German)

V

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Vienna Wien (German)
Vosges Vogesen (German), Vogézek (Hungarian), Vogézy (Czech), Vosgi (Italian), Vosges (French), Wogezy (Polish)

W

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Wermelandia Värmland (Swedish), Vermlanti (Finnish), Wermelandia (Latin)
Western Pomerania Elő-Pomeránia (Hungarian), Foarpommeren (Frisian), Pomerânia Ocidental (Portuguese), Pomerania Occidental (Spanish), Pomerania Occidentale (Italian), Poméranie occidentale (French), Pomorze Przednie (Polish), Přední Pomořansko (Czech), Voorpommeren (Afrikaans), Voorpommeren or Voor-Pommeren (Dutch), Vorpommern (Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Vörpommern (Low Saxon)
Westmannia Västmanland (Swedish), Vestmanlanti (Finnish), Westmannia (Latin)
Westphalia Vestfália (Portuguese), Vestfalija (Lithuanian), Vestfálsko (Czech), Vesztfália (Hungarian), Wesfalen (Afrikaans), Westfalen (Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Frisian, German, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Westfalia (Italian, Polish, Spanish), Westphalie (French), Zapadna Falačka (Croatian)
Westrobothnia Länsipohja (Finnish), Västerbotten (Swedish), Westrobothnia (Latin)
Westrogothia Västergötland (Swedish), Westrogothia (Latin)
Württemberg Virtemberg - Виртемберг (Serbian), Wirtembergia (Polish), Wuerttemberg (Portuguese), Wúrtemberch (Frisian), Wurtemberg (French, Spanish), Würtembersko (Czech), Wurttemberg (Romanian, variant in English), Württemberg (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Italian, Low Saxon, Norwegian, Swedish)

Z

English Name Other name(s) or older name(s)
Zeeland Batavia (Latin), Meremaa (Estonian), Seelân (Frisian), Seeland (German), Seelanti (Finnish), Zeeland (Dutch, Swedish), Zelanda (Italian, Spanish), Zélande (French), Zelandia (Polish), Zelândia (Portuguese)

See also