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List of European cities with alternative names
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List of European cities with alternative names

Most cities in Europe have alternative names in different languages. Some cities have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names for all major European cities. It also includes some smaller towns that are important because of their location or history.

For the purposes of this article, Europe includes Turkey, Cyprus and all the republics of the former Soviet Union. A number of important Mediterranean Basin cities are also included.

This article does not offer any opinion about what the "original", "official", "real", or "correct" name of any city is or was. Cities are listed alphabetically by their current best-known name in English. The English version is followed by variants in other languages, in alphabetical order by name, and then by any historical variants and former names.

Foreign names that are the same as their English equivalents may be listed, to provide an answer to the question "What is that name in..."?.

Table of contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Aabenraa Ĺbenrĺ (Danish), Apenrade (German)
Aachen Aix-la-Chapelle (French), Aken (Dutch), Akwizgran (Polish), Aquisgrán (Spanish), Aquisgrana (Italian, Portuguese), Cáchy (Czech)
Adrianople Adrianopla (Portuguese), Adrianopel (German), Adrianopol (Polish, Romanian, Slovak), Adrianopole (Romanian), Adrianopolis (Czech, Dutch), Adrianopoli (Italian), Adhrianúpolis - Αδριανούπολις (Greek), Drinopol (variant in Czech and Slovak), Edirne (Czech, Dutch, Serbian, Slovak, Turkish), Hadrianople (variant in English),Odrin (Bulgarian)
Albacete Albacete (Spanish), al-Basīt (Arabic)
Alexandroupolis Alexandropolis (Dutch), Alexandrúpolis - Αλεξαντρούπολις (Greek), Dedeağaç (Turkish)
Algeciras Algeciras (Spanish), al-Jazīra (Arabic)
Algiers Algeri (Italian), Alger (French), Algier (German), Algiers (Dutch), al-Jazā'ir (Arabic), Alžir (Serbian), Argel (Portuguese, Spanish), Cezayir (Turkish)
Alicante Alacant (Catalan), Alicante (Spanish), al-Laqant (Arabic)
Almaty Alma-Ata (Dutch, Portuguese, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Turkish), Ałma Ata (Polish), Almaty (Kazakh)
Amsterdam Amstardām (Arabic), Amsterdam (Dutch, French, Italian), Amsterdăo (Portuguese), Amsterodam (Czech), Amszterdam (Hungarian)
Ankara Ancara (Portuguese), Ancyra (Latin), Angora (former English name, Italian [obs.]), Ankara (Turkish), Ánkira - Άγκυρα (Greek), Anqara (Arabic)
Antioch Antakya (Turkish), Antioche (French), Antiochia (Italian, German, Polish, Slovak), Antiochie (Czech), Antiokia (Finnish), Antioquía (Spanish)
Antwerp Amberes (Spanish), Amvérsa - Αμβέρσα (Greek), Antuérpia (Portuguese), Antverpen (Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian), Antverpene (Latvian), Antverpy (Czech, Slovak), Antwīrb (Arabic), Antwerpen (Dutch, Finnish, German), Antwerpia (Polish), Anvers (French), Anversa (Italian)
Aquileia Aquileia (Italian), Aquileja (German), Oglej (Slovene)
Archangel Arcángel (Spanish), Archangelsk (German), Arhanđel (Serbian), Arkangeli (Finnish), Arkhangel'sk (Russian)
Arnhem Arnheim (German), Arnhem (Dutch), Arnhim (Frisian)
Ashkhabad Ašchabád (Czech, Slovak), Aschchabad (German), Ašgabat (Finnish), Aşgabat (Turkish), Ašhabad (Serbian), Ashgabat (Turkmen), Ashkhabad (Russian), Ashxobod (Uzbek), Asjchabad (Dutch), Aszchabad (Polish), Išq Ābād (Arabic)
Assisi Ascesi (medieval Italian), Asís (Spanish), Assise (French), Assisi (Dutch, German, Italian)
Astana Akmolinsk (Russian), Akmola (Finnish), Akmola (variant in Russian), Aqmola (former Kazakh), Astana (Kazakh), Tselinograd (former Russian)
Athens Afiny (Russian, Ukrainian), Ateena (Finnish), Aten (Norwegian, Swedish), Atena (Croatian, Romanian), Atenas (Portuguese, Spanish), Atēnas (Latvian), Atene (Italian), Atenes (Catalan), Atény (Czech, Slovak), Ateny (Polish), Athen (Danish, German, Norwegian), Athén (Hungarian), Athene (Dutch), Athčnes (French), Athény (alternative Czech name), Athína - Αθήνα (Greek), Atīnā (Arabic), Atina (Bulgarian, Serbian, Turkish)
Augsburg Augsbourg (French), Augšpurk / Aušpurk (Czech), Augusta (Italian)
Auschwitz Osvětim (Czech), Osvienčim (Slovak), Oświęcim (Polish)

B

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Baku Bakoe (Dutch), Bakou (French), Bākū (Arabic), Bakü (Turkish)
Bar Antivari (Italian), Bar (Croatian, Serbian)
Barcelona Barcellona (Italian), Barcelona (Spanish), Barcelone (French), Baršalūna (Arabic), Barselona (Russian, Serbian, Turkish, Ukrainian), Varkelóni - Βαρκελόνη (Greek)
Basel Bâle (French), Basilea (Italian, Romansh, Spanish), Basileia (Portuguese), Basilej (Czech), Basle (variant in English), Bazel (Dutch), Bázel (Hungarian), Bazel' (Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian), Bāzil (Arabic), Bazilej (Slovak), Bazylea (Polish), Vasilía - Βασιλέία (Greek)
Bath Aquae Sulis (Latin), Bađum / Bađan / Bađon (Anglo-Saxon)
Bautzen Budyšín (Czech, Slovak, Sorbian/Lusatian), Budziszyn (Polish)
Bela Crkva Bela Crkva (Serbian), Bílá Cerevek (Czech)
Belfast Béal Feirste (Irish)
Belford Beffert (German), Befert (old German)
Belgrade Bělehrad (Czech), Belehrad (Slovak), Belgrad (Bulgarian, Finnish, German, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Turkish), Belgrád (Hungarian), Belgrada (Latvian), Belgrado (Dutch, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Beograd (Croatian), Beograd - Београд (Serbian), Bilġrād (Arabic), Bjelhrad (Ukrainian), Velighrádhi (Greek)
Berat Berat / Berati (Albanian), Albánský Bělehrad (Czech)
Berlin Barlīn (Arabic), Berliin (Estonian), Berliini (Finnish), Berlijn (Dutch), Berlim (Portuguese), Berlín (Czech, Slovak, Spanish), Berlin (Croatian, Danish, German, Hungarian, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Berlīne (Latvian), Berlino (Italian), Berlyn (Afrikaans, Frisian), Verolíno (Greek)
Berne Bern (Czech, Dutch, Finnish, German, Russian, Slovak, Turkish, Ukrainian), Berna (Italian, Romanian, Romansh, Spanish), Berno (Polish), Vérni - Βέρνη (Greek)
Bilbao Bilbao (Spanish), Bilbo (Basque)
Bishkek Bichkek (French), Biškek (Finnish, Serbian), Bişkek (Turkish), Biszkek (Polish); Frunze (former name)
Bologna Bologna (Italian), Bologne (French), Boloňa (Czech), Bolonia (Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Bolonja (Serbian), Bolonya (Turkish)
Bolzano Bolzano (Italian), Bozen (German)
Bordeaux Bordeaux (French), Bordču (Gascon), Burdeos (Spanish)
Bonn Bona (Portuguese), Vóni - Βόννη (Greek)
Brasov Braşov (Romanian), Brassó (Hungarian), Braszów (Polish), Kronstadt (German), Stephanópolis (Greek)
Bratislava Bratislava - Братислава (Bulgarian), Bratislava (Czech, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Romanian, Slovak, Swedish), Bratyslava (Ukrainian), Bratysława (Polish), Pozsony (Hungarian), Presbourg (French till 1919), Pressburg (variant in German), Prešporok (Slovak till 1919)
[Note: The name was officially changed from Pressburg/Prešporok/Pozsony to Bratislava in 1919; for a list of older names see Bratislava]
Bremen Bréma (Hungarian), Brema (Italian, Polish), Brême (French), Bremen (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Frisian, German, Portuguese, Norwegian, Romanian, Swedish), Brémy (Czech, Slovak), Vrémi (Greek)
Bremerhaven Bremerhaven (German), Brémský Přístav (Czech)
Brest (Belarus) Brest-Litovsk (former English and Russian name), Brześć Litewski (Polish), Brześć nad Bugiem (Polish 1918-1939)
Bristol Caerodor (Welsh)
Brno Brno (Czech), Brünn (German)
Bruges Briž (Serbian), Bruges (French), Brugge (Dutch), Brügge (German), Bruggia (old Italian), Bruggy (Slovak), Brugia (Polish), Brugy (Czech), Brujas (Spanish), Brygge (Finnish)
Brunswick Braunschweig (German), Brunsvajg (Serbian), Brunšvik (Czech, Slovene), Brunsvique (Portuguese), Brunswick (French, Italian, Spanish), Brunswijk (Dutch), Brunszwik (Polish)
Brussels Bréissel (Luxembourgish), Brisel (Serbian), Brisele (Latvian), Brüksel (Turkish), Bruksela (Polish), Brūksil (Arabic), Brusel (Czech, Slovak), Bruselas (Spanish), Bruselles (Catalan), Brussel (Dutch), Brüssel (German), Brusselle (Italian [obs.]), Brüsszel (Hungarian), Bruxelas (Portuguese), Bruxelles (French, Italian), Bryssel (Danish, Finnish, Swedish), Bryuksel (Bulgarian), Bryussel (Russian, Ukrainian), Vrixéles - Βρυξέλλες (Greek)
Bucharest Boekarest (Dutch), Bucarest (French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Bucureşti (Romanian), Bukarest (Danish, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Swedish), Bukareštas (Lithuanian), Bukareste (Latvian), Bukareszt (Polish), Bukharest (Russian, Ukrainian), Bükreş (Turkish), Bukurešt (Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian), Bukurešť (Czech, Slovak), Būqārist (Arabic), Voukourésti (Greek)
Buda (now part of Budapest) Buda (Italian, Hungarian), Budín (Czech), Budin (Turkish), Ofen (German)
Budapest Boedapest (Dutch), Būdābist (Arabic), Budapest (Italian, German, Hungarian), Budapešt (Russian, Ukrainian), Budapešť (Czech, Slovak), Budapešta (Bulgarian), Budapesta (Romanian), Budapeste (Portuguese), Budapeşte (Turkish), Budapeszt (Polish), Budimpešta (Croatian, Serbian), Voudhapésti (Greek)
Budweis Budweis (German), Budziejowice (Polish), České Budějovice (Czech, Slovak)
Buje Buie d'Istria (Italian), Buje (Croatian)
Butrint Butrint / Butrinti (Albanian), Butrinto (Italian)
Buzet Buzet (Croatian), Pinguente (Italian)
Bydgoszcz Bromberg (German), Bydgostia (Latin), Bydgoszcz (Polish)
Bytow Betowo (Kashubian/Pomeranian), Bütow (German), Bytów (Polish)

C

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Cádiz Cadice (Italian), Cádis (Portuguese), Cadix (French), Cádiz (Spanish), Kadyks (Polish), Kadiz (Serbian), al-Qādis (Arabic)
Cagliari Cagliari (Italian), Cŕller (Catalan), Casteddu (Sardinian), Kaljari (Serbian)
Cairo Le Caire (French), Caďro (Dutch), El Cairo (Spanish), Il Cairo (Italian), Káhira (Czech), Kair (Polish), Kairo (Bulgarian, Finnish, German, Norwegian, Swedish), al-Qāhirah (Arabic), Maşr (local dialect name)
Canterbury Caergaint (Welsh), Cantorbéry (French), Kantelberg (Dutch)
Carcassonne Carcassona (Italian), Carcassonne (French)
Cardiff Caerdydd (Welsh), Kārdifa (Latvian)
Carlsbad Karlovi Vari (Bulgarian), Karlovy Vary (Czech), Karlsbad (German, Swedish)
Cartagena Cartagena (Spanish), Carthago Nova (Latin), al-Qartājanna (Arabic)
Celje Celje (Slovene), Celle (German), Cilli (older English (1911 EB), older German)
Cetinje Cettigne (Italian), Cetinje (Croatian, Serbian)
Cheb Cheb (Czech), Eger (German)
Chemnitz Chemnitz (German), Saská Kamenice (Czech); Karl-Marx-Stadt (German 1953-1990)
Chester Caer (Welsh)
Chişinău; Chişinău (Moldovan/Romanian), Kešenev (Yiddish), Kischinew (German), Kishinjov - Кишинёв (Russian), Kīšīnāw (Arabic), Kišineu (Bulgarian), Kišiněv (Czech), Kišinjev (Serbian), Kišiňov (Slovak), Kisinyov (Hungarian), Kiszyniów (Polish), Kyšyniv (Ukrainian)
Chorzów Chorzów (Polish), Králova Huť (Czech)
Cieszyn Cieszyn (Polish), Teschen (German), Těšín; (Czech), Tešín (Slovak)
Cleves Cléveris (Spanish), Clčves (French), Kleef (Dutch), Kleve (German)
Cluj Claudiopolis (Latin), Cluj-Napoca (Romanian), Klausenburg (German), Kluž (Czech, Slovak), Kluż (Polish), Kolozsvár (Hungarian}
Coblenz Coblença (Portuguese), Coblence (French), Coblenza (Italian), Koblencja (Polish), Koblenz (German)
Coimbra Coimbra (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Coimbre (French), Qulumriya (Arabic)
Cologne Colonia (Italian, Spanish), Colónia (Portuguese), Keln (Serbian), Kelnas (Lithianian), Keulen (Dutch), Kjol'n (Russian, Ukrainian), Kolín nad Rýnem (Czech), Kolín nad Rýnom (Slovak), Kölle (Kölsch [local dialect]), Köln (Finnish, German, Turkish), Kolonía (Greek), Kolonia (Polish)
Copenhagen Copenaghen (Italian), Copenhaga (Portuguese, Romanian), Copenhague (French, Spanish), Kaupmannahöfn (Icelandic), Křbenhavn (Danish, Norwegian), Kūbinhāġin (Arabic), Kodaň (Czech, Slovak), Kööpenhamina (Finnish), Kopengagen (Bulgarian, Russian), Kopenhaagen (Estonian), Kopenhag (Turkish), Kopenhaga (Polish), Kopenhagen (Croatian, Dutch, German), Kopenhāgena (Latvian), Köpenhamn (Swedish), Kopenkhági (Greek), Koppenhága (Hungarian)
Córdoba Cordoue (French), Cňrdova (Catalan), Cordova (Italian), al-Qurduba (Arabic)
Corfu Corcyra (Latin), Corfou (French), Corfů (Italian), Kérkira - Κέρκυρα (Greek), Korfu (Finnish, German, Polish, Slovak), Krf (Croatian, Serbian, Russian)
Corinth Corint (Catalan), Corinthe (French), Corinto (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Korint (Czech, Serbian, Slovak), Korinth (German), Kórinthos - Κόρινθος (Greek), Korintti (Finnish), Korynt (Polish)
Cork Corc (Welsh), Corcaigh (Irish)
Corunna La Corogne (French), A Coruńa (Galician), La Coruńa (Spanish)
Cottbus Chociebuż (Polish), Chóśebuz (Sorbian), Chotěbuz (Czech)
Cracow Cracovia (Italian, Spanish, Romanian), Cracóvia (Portuguese), Cracovie (French), Kraka (Yiddish), Krakau (Dutch, German), Krakiv (Ukrainian), Krakkó (Hungarian), Krakov (Croatian, Czech, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Turkish), Krakova (Finnish), Krakovía - Κρακοβία (Greek), Kraków (Polish), Krākūf (Arabic), Krokuva (Lithuanian)
Crecy Crécy-en-Ponthieu (French), Kresčak (Czech)

D

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Debrecen Debrecen (Hungarian), Debrecín (Czech)
Den Bosch Bois-le-Duc (French), Bolduque (Spanish), Boscoducale (Italian [obs.]), Den Bos (Frisian), Den Bosch / 's-Hertogenbosch (Dutch), Herzogenbusch (German)
Derry Derry (official name in Republic of Ireland and with city authorities), Doire (Irish), Londonderry (official British name)
Dijon Digione (Italian), Dijon (French)
Donetsk Donetsk (Russian), Donezk (German), Donieck (Polish), Donjeck (Serbian); Stalino (former name), Yuzovka (former name)
Dover Douvres (French), Duvra (Latvian)
Dresden Drážďany (Czech, Slovak), Dresda (Italian, Portuguese), Dresde (French, Spanish), Drésdi (Greek), Drezda (Hungarian), Drezno (Polish)
Dubrovnik Dubrovnik (Croatian, Serbian), Ragusa (Italian)
Dublin Baile Átha Cliath (Irish), Dablin (Arabic, Serbian), Dhuvlíno - Δουβλίνο (Greek), Dublim (Portuguese), Dublín (Spanish), Dublino (Italian), Dulenn (Breton), Dulyn (Welsh)
Dunkirk Dhunkérki - Δουγκέρκη (Greek), Duinkerken (Dutch), Dunkerque (French), Dunkierka (Polish), Dünkirchen (German), Dunquerque (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish)
Durrës Drač (Croatian, Czech, Serbian), Durazzo (Italian), Durrës / Durrësi (Albanian)
Düsseldorf Düsseldorf (German), Dusseldórfia (Portuguese), Dusseldorp (Dutch)
Dushanbe Doesjanbe (Dutch), Douchanbé (French), Dušanbe (Finnish, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Tajik), Duşanbe (Turkish), Dūšānbī (Arabic), Duschanbe (German), Duszanbe (Polish); Hissar (former name)

E

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Edinburgh Dún Éideann (Irish), Důn Čideann (Scots Gaelic), Edhimvoúrgho - Εδιμβούργο (Greek), Edimbourg (French), Edimburgo (Italian), Edinburg (German [rare]), Edinburga (Latvian), Edinburk (Czech), Edynburg (Polish)
Eger Eger (Hungarian), Eğri (Turkish), Erlau (German), Jager (Czech), Jáger (Slovak)
Elsinore Elseneur (French), Elsinor (Spanish), Elsinore (Italian), Helsingør (Danish), Helsingör (Finnish, German)
Erlangen Erlangen (German), Erlanky (Czech)
Esztergom Esztergom (Hungarian), Ostřihom (Czech)

F

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Flensburg Flensborch (Low Saxon), Flensborg (Danish), Flensburg (German)
Florence Firenca (Croatian, Serbian), Firenze\ (Finnish, Italian), Floransa (Turkish), Florença (Portuguese), Florčncia (Catalan), Florencia (Slovak, Spanish), Florencie (Czech), Florencja (Polish), Florenţa (Romanian), Florenz (German)
Flushing Flesinga (Spanish), Flessinga (Italian), Flessingue (French), Vlissingen (Dutch)
Frankfurt Francfort (Catalan), Fráncfort del Meno (Spanish), Francfort-sur-le-Main (French), Francoforte sobre o Meno (Portuguese), Francoforte sul Meno (Italian), Frankfurt am Main (German), Frankfúrti - Φραγκφούρτη (Greek), Frankfurt nad Menem (Polish), Frankfurt nad Mohanom (Slovak)
Frankfurt (East Germany) Fráncfort del Oder (Spanish), Francfort-sur-l'Oder (French), Francoforte sobre o Oder (Portuguese), Francoforte sull'Oder (Italian), Frankfurt an der Oder (German), Frankfurt nad Odrą (Polish), Frankfurt nad Odrou (Slovak)
Freiburg Freiburg im Breisgau (German), Fribourg-en-Brisgau (French), Friburgo di Brisgovia (Italian)
Freising Brižinje/Brižine (Slovene), Freising (German), Frisinga (Italian, Spanish), Frisingue (French)
Fribourg Freiburg im Üechtland (German), Fribourg (French), Friburg (Romansh), Friburgo (Italian)

G

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Gallipoli Gelibolu (Turkish), Gallipoli (Italian), Galipolje (Croatian, Serbian), Kalípolis (Greek)
Galway Gaillimh (Irish Gaelic)
Gdańsk; Danzica (Italian), Danzig (German), Gdaňsk (Czech), Gdańsk (Polish), Gduńsk (Kashubian)
Gdynia Gdingen (German), Gdyně (Czech), Gdiniô (Kashubian/Pomeranian), Gdynia (Polish), Gotenhafen (German 1939-1945)
Geneva Cenevre (Turkish), Ginebra (Catalan, Romanian, Spanish), Geneve (Finnish), Genčve (French), Genf (German), Ginevra (Italian), Genevra (Romansh), Genewa (Polish), Genebra (Portuguese), Geneve / Genčve (Dutch), Jinīf (Arabic), Yenévi (Greek), Ženeva (Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Lithuanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Ukrainian)
Genoa Cenova (Turkish), Gčnova (Catalan), Janov (Czech, Slovak), Genua (Dutch, German, Polish), Genova (Finnish, Italian), Gęnes (French), Gęnova (Portuguese), Đenova (Serbian), Génova (Spanish)
Ghent Gent (Dutch/Flemish, Finnish, German), Gand (French), Gandawa (Polish), Gante (Spanish), Guanto (old Italian)
Gibraltar Cebelitarık (Turkish), Gibilterra (Italian)
Girona Gerona (Spanish)
Gjirokastër Argirocastro (Italian), Aryirókastro (Greek), Gjirokastër / Gjirokastra (Albanian)
Glarus Glaris (French), Glarus (German), Glarona (Italian), Glaruna (Romansh)
Gmünd Cmunt (Czech), Gmünd\ (German)
Gorizia Gorica (Slovene), Gorizia (Italian), Görz (German)
Görlitz Görlitz (German), Zgorzelec (Polish), Zhořelec (Czech)
Gothenburg Göteborg (Finnish, German, Swedish), Goeteborg (Polish), Gotemburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Gotenburg (Dutch, German [obs.]), Göteburg (Turkish)
Göttingen Getynga (Polish), Getynky (Czech), Gœttingue (French), Gotinga (Spanish, Portuguese), Gottinga (Italian)
Granada al-Ġarnāda (Arabic), Grenade (French)
Győr; Győr (Hungarian), Raab (German), Ráb (Czech)
Graz Gradec (Slovene), Graz (German), Štýrský Hradec (Czech)
Grodno Hrodna (Belarusian), Hrodno (Ukrainian), Gardinas (Lithuanian)
Groningen Grins (Frisian), Groningen (Dutch, German), Groningue (French), Groninga (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Grunnen, Grönnen, or Grunn'n (Gronings)
Grozny Djovkhar Ghaala (Chechen)

H

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Haderslev Hadersleben (German)
Hamburg Hambūrġ (Arabic), Hamburg (Afrikaans, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, German, Hungarian, Romanian), Hamburk (Czech), Hamborg (Danish, Swedish), Hampuri (Finnish), Hambourg (French), Amvoúrgo (Greek), Amburgo (Italian), Hamburgo (Portuguese, Spanish), Gamburg (Russian), Hamburch (Frisian, Low Saxon)
Hämeenlinna Tavastehus (Swedish)
Hamelin Hameln (German), Hamelen (Dutch), Hamelin (French, Italian, Portuguese), Hamelín (Spanish)
Hanau Hanau (German), Hanava (Czech)
Hanover Anóvero (Greek), Hanovre (French), Hannover (Dutch, Finnish, Italian, German), Hanovra (Romanian), Ganover (Russian), Hanóver (Spanish), Hanôver (Portuguese)
Heligoland Helgoland (German)
Helsinki Hilsīnkī (Arabic), Hel'sinki (Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian), Helsinky (Czech), Helsingfors (Danish, Swedish), Helsingi (Estonian), Elsínki (Greek), Helsinkis (Lithuanian), Helsinque (Brazilian Portuguese), Helsínquia (Portuguese)
Heraklion Iraklion (Greek, Polish), Candia (Italian)

I

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Innsbruck Innsbruck (German), Inomost (Old Slovene), Inomostí / Inšpruk (Czech)
Istanbul İstanbul (Turkish), Stamboll (Albanian), Istanbūl (Arabic), Constantinoble (Catalan), Istanboel (Dutch), Isztambul (Hungarian), Konstantinoúpoli (Greek), Stambula (Latvian), Stambulas (Lithuanian), Istanbuł / Stambuł (Polish), Istambul (Croatian, Italian, Romanian, Serbian), Stambul (Russian, Ukrainian), Estambul (Spanish)
Former names: Carigrad, Constantinopol, Bizantium (Latin), Bizanc'\ (Croatian, Slovene, Serbian, Polish, Russian), Cařihrad (Czech), Carihrad (Slovak), Costantinopoli / Bisanzio (Italian), Konstantinopoli (Finnish), Miklagard (Old Norse); Estambul, Kostan, Kospoli, Koshta, Koshtandina, Konstantinopyla' (other variants during Ottoman period)
Izmir İzmir (Turkish), Esmirna (Catalan, Spanish), Smyrna (Serbian, variant in English), Smirne (Italian), Smirni (Greek)

J

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Jakobstad Pietarsaari (Finnish)
Janina Ioannina (Greek, Finnish), Giannina (Italian), Yanya (Turkish)
Jena Iéna (French)

K

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Kaliningrad Königsberg (German), Kaljinjingrad (Croatian, Serbian), Královec (Czech), Królewiec (former Polish name), Karaliaucius (Lithuanian)
Kandalaksha Kantalahti / Kannanlahti (Finnish)
Kartuzy Karthaus (German)
Katowice Katovice (Czech, Serbian), Kattowitz (German), Katoviçe (Turkish), Stalinogród (former)
Kaunas Kaunas (Lithuanian), Kovno (Czech), Kowno (Polish), Kauen (German)
Kem' (Vienan-)Kemi (Finnish)
Kharkov Harkova (Finnish), Charków (Polish), Charkov (Czech, Slovak), Karkov (Turkish), Kharkiv (Ukrainian)
Kiel Kilonia (Polish), Kylius (Lithuanian), Quília (Portuguese)
Kiev Kīyif (Arabic), Kijev (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Hungarian, Russian), Kyjev (Czech, Slovak), Kiëv (Dutch), Kiova (Finnish), Kiew (German), Kíevo (Greek), Kijeva (Latvian), Kijevas (Lithuanian), Kijów (Polish), Kíev (Spanish), Kyďv (Ukrainian), Kiav (Yiddish)
Kilkenny Cill Chainnigh (Irish)
Kiruna Kiiruna (Finnish), Giron (Sami)
Klagenfurt Celovec (Czech, Slovene), Klagenfurt (German), Želanec (alternative Czech name)
Klaipeda Klaipėda (Lithuanian), Klaipeda (Finnish), Memel (German), Kłajpeda (Polish)
Kobarid Caporetto (Finnish), Kobarid (Slovene)
Kondopoga Kontiolahti (Finnish)
Konstanz Constance (French, variant in English), Costanza (Italian), Köstence (Turkish), Kostnice (Czech)
Köpenick Köpenick (German), Kopník (Czech)
Koper Capodistria (Italian), Kopar (Serbian), Koper (Slovene)
Kosice Kaschau (German), Kassa (Hungarian), Košice (Serbian, Slovak)
Kosovo Polje Fushe Koseve (Albanian), Amselfeld (German)
Kotor Cattaro (Italian), Kotor (Croatian, Serbian)
Krems Krems (German), Kremže / Křemže (Czech)
Kristinestad Kristiinankaupunki (Finnish), Kristingrad (Serbian) Christinae Stadh (older Swedish name)
Kudowa-Zdrój Chudoba (Czech), Kudowa-Zdrój (Polish)

L

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Labin Albona (Italian), Labin (Croatian)
Lahti Lahtis (Swedish)
Lappeenranta Villmanstrand (Swedish)
Lausanne Lausana (Spanish), Losanna (Italian), Lozan (Turkish), Lozana (Polish, Serbian), Lozáni (Greek)
Leeuwarden Leeuwarden (Dutch), Ljouwert (Frisian)
Leghorn Livourne (French), Livorno (Italian, Finnish, German), Liorna (Spanish)
Leiden Leida (Italian), Lejda (Polish)
Leipzig Lipsko (Czech, Slovak), Lipcse (Hungarian), Lipsk (Polish), Lipsia (Italian), Lípsia (Portuguese), Lipsía (Greek), Lipsca (old Romanian), Lajpcig (Serbian)
Lębork; Lauenburg (German)
Lezhë Lezhë / Lezha (Albanian), Alessio (Italian)
Liege Liège (French), Liegi (Italian), Lieja (Spanish), Liež (Serbian), Luik (Dutch), Lutych (Czech), Lüttich (German)
Lille Lilla (Italian), Lille (French), Rijsel (Dutch)
Limerick Luimneach (Irish)
Linz Linec (Czech), Linz (German)
Lisbon Lisabon (Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian), Lisabona (Romanian), Lisboa (Portuguese, Spanish), Lisbona (Italian), Lisbonne (French), Lišbūna (Arabic), Lissabon (Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Russian, Swedish), Lissavóna (Greek), Lisszabon (Hungarian), Lizbon (Turkish), Lizbona (Polish)
Liverpool Lerpwl (Welsh), Llynlleifiad (former Welsh), Liverpūle (Latvian)
Ljubljana Liyūbliyānā (Arabic), Lublaň (Czech), Laibach (German), Lubiana (Italian), Liubliana (Portuguese, Spanish), Lublana (Polish), Lubyana (Turkish), Ľubľana (Slovak)
Lleida Lérida (Spanish), Lerida (Italian)
London Landan (Arabic), Llundain (Welsh), Londain (Irish), Londen (Dutch), Londhíno (Greek), Londona (Latvian), Londra (Italian, Romanian, Turkish), Londres (French, Spanish), Londyn (Polish), Londýn (Czech, Slovak), Lontoo (Finnish), Loundres (Cornish)
Londonderry Derry (official name in Republic of Ireland and with city authorities), Doire (Irish), Londonderry (official British name)
Lourdes Lourdes (French), Lurdy (Czech)
Louvain Leuven (Dutch), Louvain (French), Lovaina (Spanish), Lovaň (Czech), Lovanio (Italian), Löwen (German)
Lübeck Lubecca (Italian), Lübeck (German), Lubek (Czech), Lubeka (Polish), Lyypekki (Finnish)
Lucca Lucca (Italian), Lucques (French), Lukka (Polish)
Lucerne Lucern (Czech), Lucerne (French), Lucerna (Italian, Romansh, Polish, Romanian, Spanish), Lukérni (Greek), Luzern (German, Finnish, Serbian, Turkish)
Luleĺ Luulaja (Finnish), Luleo (Serbian)
Lunenburg Lüneburg (German), Luneburgo (Italian), Lüneburch (Low Saxon)
Luxembourg Ljuksemburg (Bulgarian, Russian), Lucemburk (Czech), Luxemborg (Danish), Luxemburg (German, Finnish, Dutch, Romanian, Slovak), Louxemvoúrgo (Greek), Lussemburgo (Italian), Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish), Luksemburg (Croatian, Serbian, Polish), Lüksemburg (Turkish), Luksemburga (Latvian), Ljuksemburh (Ukrainian)
L'viv Lvov (Finnish), Lemberg (German), Leopoli (Italian), Leopolis (Latin), Lwów (Polish), L'vov (Russian, Slovak), Lavov (Croatian)
Lyons Lyon (French, German), Lione (Italian), Liyon (Serbian)

M

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Maastricht Mastrique (Spanish), Maestricht (former French)
Madrid Madhríti (Greek), Madrid (French, Italian, Spanish), Madridas (Lithuanian), Madryt (Polish)
Mainz Mohuč (Czech, Slovak), Mayence (French), Magonza (Italian), Moguncja (Polish), Mogúncia (Portuguese), Majnc (Serbian), Määnz (local dialect), Meenz (former local dialect)
Manchester Manceinion (Welsh), Mančestra (Latvian)
Mantua Mantoue (French), Mantova (Italian, Finnish, Czech, Slovak)
Maribor Marburg (German), Morpurgo (old Italian)
Mariehamn Maarianhamina (Finnish)
Marktredwitz Marktredwitz (German), Ředvice (Czech)
Marseilles Marseille (French), Marsīliyā (Arabic), Massalía (Greek), Marsiglia (Italian), Marsylia (Polish), Marselha (Portuguese), Marsilha (Provençal), Marsel' (Russian), Marsely (Serbian), Marsella (Spanish), Marsilya (Turkish)
Mechelen Malines (French), Mecheln (German), Malinas (Spanish)
Meissen Meißen (German), Misnia (Italian), Míšeň (Czech), Miśnia (Polish)
Melk Medlík (Czech), Melk (German), Mölk (older German name)
Metz Metz (French), Mety (Czech)
Mikkeli Mikkeli (Finnish), St. Michel (Swedish)
Milan Mīlānū (Arabic), Mailand (German), Mediolan (Polish), Mediólana (former Greek name), Milaan (Dutch), Milán (Czech, Spanish), Milano (Italian, Finnish, Croatian, Serbian, Romanian, Turkish), Miláno (Greek, Slovak), Milánó (Hungarian), Milăo (Portuguese)
Minsk Mensk (Belarusian), Minszk (Hungarian), Mińsk (Polish), Mins'k (Ukrainian)
Miskolc Miskolc (Hungarian), Miškovec (Czech)
Monaco Munegu (Monegasque), Monaco (Italian)
Mons Bergen (Dutch), Mons (French)
Montbéliard Mömpelgard (German)
Moscow Mūskū (Arabic), Maskava (Latvian), Maskvá (Belarusian, Russian), Moskva (Bulgarian, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Danish, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian), Moskou (Dutch), Moskova (Finnish, Turkish), Mosca (Italian), Moscou (French, Portuguese), Moskau (German), Móskha (Greek), Moskwa (Polish), Moscova (Romanian), Moscú (Spanish)
Mulhouse Milhüsa (Alsatian), Mülhausen (German), Mulhouse (French), Mylhúzy (Czech)
Munich Miyūnikh (Arabic), Mjunkhen (Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian), Minhen (Serbian), Mnichov (Czech), Mníchov (Slovak), München (Dutch, Finnish, German), Mónakho (Greek), Monaco di Baviera (Italian), Miunchenas (Lithuanian), Monachium (Polish), Munique (Portuguese), Münih (Turkish), Múnich (Spanish)
Murmansk Muurmansk (Finnish), Muurmanni or Muurmanski (alternative old Finnish names)

N

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Nancy Nanzig (German)
Naples Nābūlī (Arabic), Nŕpols (Catalan), Napels (Dutch), Neapel (German), Neápolis (ancient Greek), Neápoli (modern Greek), Nápoly (Hungarian), Napoli (Italian, Finnish, Turkish), Neapol (Czech, Slovak, Polish), Nápoles (Portuguese, Spanish), Neapol' (Russian, Ukrainian), Napulj (Croatian, Serbian)
Narbonne Narbona (Italian)
Neuchâtel Neuenburg (German)
Nice Niça (Catalan), Niza (Spanish), Nizza (Italian, Finnish, German), Nicea (Polish), Níkea (Greek), Nis (Turkish)
Newport Casnewydd (Welsh)
Nicosia Lefkosía (Greek), Lefkoşe (Turkish), Nīqūsiyā (Arabic), Nicosia (Italian), Nikosia / Lefkosia (Finnish), Nicosie (French), Nikosia (German), Nikoziya (Hungarian, Serbian), Nikozja (Polish), Nicósia (Portuguese), Nikosija (Russian, Ukrainian)
Nijmegen Nimègue (French), Nimwegen (German), Nimega (Italian, Spanish)
Nizhniy Novgorod Nizhni Novgorod (Finnish), Nijni-Novgorod (French), Gorkiy (former name), Nowogród (Polish), Nižný Novgorod (Slovak), Nischnij Nowgorod (German)
Novi Sad Neusatz (German), Ujvidek (Hungarian)
Nuremberg Norimberk (Czech), Neurenberg (Dutch), Nürnberg (German, Finnish), Norimberga (Italian), Norymberga (Polish), Nuremberga (Portuguese), Norimberg (Slovene), Núremberg (Spanish), Nyremvéryi (Greek)

O

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Óbuda (now part
of Budapest)
Óbuda (Hungarian), Starý Budín (Czech)
Oldenburg Starogard (Polish, Serbian), Oldemburgo (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Oldenburg (German)
Opole Opole (Polish), Opolí (Czech), Oppeln (German)
Oporto Burtuqāl (Arabic), Oporto (Italian), Porto (Czech, French, German, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian)
Oranienburg Bötzow (former German name), Oranienburg (German), Bocov (Czech)
Oslo Ūslū (Arabic), Christiania (former Dano-Norwegian name), Kristiania (late version of former name)
Osnabrück Osnabrugge (Dutch), Osnabruque (Portuguese)
Ostend Oostende (Dutch/Flemish), Ostende (Serbian, Czech, French, German), Ostenda (Italian, Polish)
Oulu Uleĺborg (Swedish)

P

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Padua Padoue (French), Padova (Italian, Finnish, Croatian, Czech, Slovak), Padwa (Polish)
Palermo Palerme (French), Palermo (Italian, Finnish)
Pamplona Banbalūna (Arabic), Iruńa (Basque), Pamplona (Italian, Spanish), Pampelune (French), Pampaluna / Lunapampa (Old Provençal), Pampeluna (Polish)
Paris Bārīs (Arabic), Pariž (Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian), Pariz (Croatian, Serbian), Paříž (Czech), Parijs (Dutch), Pariis (Estonian), Pariisi (Finnish), Parísi (Greek), Párizs (Hungarian), Parigi (Italian), Parīze (Latvian), Paryžius (Lithuanian), Paryż (Polish), Paríž (Slovak), París (Catalan, Spanish)
Parma Parme (French), Parma (Italian)
Pärnu Parnawa (Polish), Pärnu (Estonian), Pernau (German)
Passau Batavia (Latin), Pasov (Czech), Passau (German), Passovia (Italian)
Pazin Pisino (Italian), Pazin (Croatian)
Pécs Pětikostelí (Czech), Pečuh (Croatian), Fünfkirchen (German), Päťkostolie (Slovak)
Perpignan Perpinyŕ (Catalan), Perpińán (Serbian, Spanish), Perpignano (Italian)
Perugia Pérouse (French), Perugia (Italian), Perusa (Spanish)
Petroskoy Petrozavodsk (Russian), Petroskoi (Finnish), Äänislinna (old Finnish name)
Piacenza Plaisance (French), Piacenza (Italian), Plasencia (Spanish), Pjaćenca (Serbian)
Plauen Plauen (German), Plavno (Czech)
Pleven Pleven (Bulgarian), Plevno (Czech)
Plovdiv Philippoúpolis (Greek), Filippopoli (Italian), Płowdiw (Polish), Filibe (Turkish)
Plymouth Pleimuiden (Dutch)
Plzeň Pilsen (German, Italian), Pilzno (Polish)
Podgorica Titograd (former name), Ribnica (former name)
Pompeii Pompei (Italian), Pompeji (German), Pompeya (Spanish), Pompeja (Serbian), Pompiia (Greek), Pompeiji (Finnish)
Porec Parenzo (Italian), Poreč (Croatian)
Pori Björneborg (Swedish), Pori (Finnish)
Porvoo Borgĺ (Swedish), Porvoo (Finnish)
Potsdam Postupim (Czech, Slovak), Potsdam (German, Italian), \'Poczdam' (Polish)
Poznań/Posen; Poznań (Polish), Posen (German), Posnania (Latin), Posnanie (French),
Prague Birāġ (Arabic), Praha (Czech, Finnish, Norwegian, Slovak, Ukrainian), Praag (Dutch), Prag (German, Croatian, Serbian, Turkish, Swedish) Prága (Greek, Hungarian), Praga (Bulgarian, Catalan, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish), Prag / Prog (Yiddish)
Priozersk Kexholm / Keksholm (Swedish), Käkisalmi (Finnish), Korela (alternative Finnish name)
Pristina Prishtinë (Albanian), Priština (Приштина) (Serbian), Priştina (Turkish)
Pruszcz Gdanski Praust (German), Pruszcz Gdański; (Polish)
Pskov Pihkva (Estonian), Pihkova (Finnish), Psków (Polish), Pleskau (German)
Pula Pola (Italian), Pula (Croatian)
Pyrzyce Pyritz (German)

R

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Riga Rīġā (Arabic), Riha (Belarusian, Ukrainian), Riia (Estonian), Riika (Finnish), Ryga (Lithuanian, Polish), Riga (Italian)
Rijeka Fiume (Italian, Hungarian), Rijeka (Croatian)
Regensburg Řezno (Czech), Ratisbona (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Ratisbonne (French), Ratyzbona (Polish), Ratisbon (English [obs.], Latin)
Rheims Reims (French), Remeš (Czech)
Rhodes Rhodes (French), Rodos (Turkish), Ródhos (Greek)
Rome Rūmiya (Arabic), Rim (Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Russian, Ukrainian), Rím (Slovak), Řím (Czech), Rooma (Estonian, Finnish), Rom (German), Rómi (Greek), Róma (Hungarian), Roma (Catalan, Italian, Latvian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Turkish), Rzym (Polish)
Rostock Rostock (German), Roztoky (Czech)
Rovaniemi Roavenjarga (Sami), Rovaniemi (Finnish, Swedish)
Rovinj Rovigno (Italian), Rovinj (Croatian)

S

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Saarbrücken Sarrebruck (French, Spanish)
Saarlouis Saarlautern (German 1939 - 1945)
Sagunto Sagunt (Catalan, German), Sagunto (Italian, Spanish)
Salzburg Salisburgo (Italian), Salzburgo (Spanish), Salzbourg (French), Solnohrad (Czech)
Samara Kuybyshev (former name)
Samarkand Samarcanda (Italian, Spanish), Samarcande (French), Samarkanda (Polish), Semerkant (Turkish)
San Sebastián Donostia (Basque), Sant Sebastiŕ (Catalan)
Santiago de Compostela Šānt Yāqūb (Arabic), Sant Jaume de Galícia (Catalan), Saint Jacques de Compostelle (French), Santiago di Compostella (Italian)
Saragossa Zaragoza (Czech, Spanish), Saragosse (French), Saragossa (Catalan, German), Saragoça (Portuguese), Saragozza (Italian)
Sarajevo Sarāyīfū (Arabic), Sarajewo (German, Polish), Saraybosna (Turkish)
Sarandë (Áyii) Saránda (Greek), Sarandë / Saranda (Albanian), Santiquaranta (Italian)
Saverne Zabern (German)
Schaffhausen Schaffouse (French), Schaffhausen (German), Sciaffusa (Italian), Schaffusa (Romansh), Szafuza (Polish)
Schweinfurt Schweinfurt (German), Svinibrod (Czech)
Schwerin Schwerin (German), Zvěřín (Czech)
Schwyz Schwytz (French), Schwyz (German), Svitto (Italian), Sviz (Romansh)
Senj Segna (Italian), Senj (Croatian)
Seville al-Išbīliya (Arabic), Séville (French), Siviglia (Italian), Sewilla (Polish), Sevilla (Catalan, Finnish, Slovak, Spanish, German), Sevilia (Romanian), Sevilya (Turkish)
Shkodër Scutari (Italian), Skadar (Czech, Serbian), Szkodra (Polish), Skutari (German)
Sibenik Sebenico (Italian), Šibenik (Croatian)
Sibiu Sibiň (Czech), Sibiu (Romanian), Hermannstadt (German)
Sienna Sienne (French), Siena (Italian, Polish, Turkish)
Skopje Shkupi (Albanian), Skūbyī (Arabic), Skopie (Bulgarian), Skoplje (Serbian, Croatian), Skópia (Greek), Skop'e (Russian), Skopia (Spanish), Üsküp (Turkish)
Sligo Sligeach (Irish)
Solin Salona (Italian), Solin (Croatian)
Sofia Sūfiyā (Arabic), Sofija (Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian), Sofia (Italian), Sófia (Greek, Portuguese), Szófia (Hungarian), Sofía (Spanish), Sofya (Turkish)
Solothurn Soleure (French), Solothurn (German), Soletta (Italian), Soloturn (Romansh), Solura (Polish)
Sřnderborg Sonderburg (German)
Sopron Šoproň (Czech), Sopron (Hungarian)
Speyer Spires (English [obs.]), Espira (Spanish, Portuguese), Spire (French), Spira (Italian), Špýr (Czech)
Split Spalato (Italian), Split (Croatian)
St. Gallen Saint-Gall (French), Sankt Gallen (German), San Gallo (Italian), Son Gagl (Romansh), Svatý Havel (Czech)
St. Petersburg Sānt Bītarsbūrġ (Arabic), Sankt-Pecjarburh (Belarusian), Sankt Petěrburk (Czech), Sankt Petersborg (Danish), Sint-Petersburg (Dutch), Peterburi (Estonian), Pietari (Finnish), Saint-Péterbourg (French), Sankt Petersburg (German, Norwegian, Polish), Ayía Petroúpoli (Greek), Szentpétervár (Hungarian), San Pietroburgo (Italian), Sanktpēterburga (Latvian), Sankt Peterburgas (Lithuanian), Săo Petersburgo (Portuguese), Sankt-Peterburg (Russian), Sankt Peterburg (Slovak, Serbian), Sankt Peterzburg (Serbian), San Petersburgo (Spanish), Leningrad (former name), Petrograd (former name), Leningrado (former Italian name), Petrohrad (former Czech name)
St. Moritz Sankt Moritz (German), San Murezzan (Romansh), Svatý Mořic (Czech)
Stockholm Istūkhūlm (Arabic), Estocolm (Catalan), Štokholm (Serbian, Slovak), Tukholma (Finnish), Stokkhólmi (Greek), Stoccolma (Italian), Stokholma (Latvian), Stokholmas (Lithuanian), Sztokholm (Polish), Estocolmo (Portuguese, Spanish), Stokgol'm (Russian, Ukrainian)
Strasbourg Strossburi (Alsatian), Štrasburk (Czech), Straatsburg (Dutch), Strassburg (Finnish), Straßburg (German), Strasburg (Polish), Strasburgo (Italian), Estrasburgo (Spanish), Štrasburg (Slovak), Strazbur (Serbian)
Straubing Straubing (German), Štrubina (Czech)
Stuttgart Estugarda (Portuguese), Štíhrad (Czech), Stoccarda (Italian), Stuttgart (German), Stoutgárdhi (Greek)
Swansea Abertawe (Welsh)
Syracuse Syrakus (German), Siracusa (Italian, Spanish), Syrakuzy (Polish), Syrakúzy (Slovak), Sirakuza (Serbian), Siraküza (Turkish), Syrakusa (Finnish)
Szczecin Scecinum / Stetinum (Latin), Stettin (German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish), Szczecin (Polish), Štětín (Czech), Štetín (Slovene), Stettino (Italian), Šćećin (Serbian)
Szeged Segedín (Czech), Seghedino (Italian), Szeged (Hungarian)
Székesfehérvár Stoličný Bělehrad (Czech), Stolni Biograd (Croatian), Stuhlweißenburg (German), Stoličný Belehrad (Slovak)
Szentendre Sentandreja - Сентандреја (Serbian), Svatý Ondřej (Czech), Szentendre (Hungarian)
Szombathely Kamenec (Czech), Szombathely (Hungarian)

T

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Tallinn Tālīn (Arabic), Tallinna (Finnish), Reval (German), Tallin (Norwegian, Russian, Swedish, Slovak, Spanish), Tallina (Latvian), Talinas (Lithuanian) Rewal / Tallin (Polish) Taljin (Serbian), Rävel (old Swedish name)
Tampere Tammerfors (Swedish), Tampere (Finnish)
Taranto Tarent (Czech, German, Serbian), Tarente (French), Taranto (Italian), Tarento (Spanish)
Tartu Tartto (Finnish), Dorpat (German, Polish)
Tashkent Tašqand (Arabic), Tasjkent (Dutch, Swedish), Tachkent (French), Taskéndē (Greek), Taskent (Hungarian), Taszkient / Taszkent (Polish), Taškent (Russian, Ukrainian, Slovak, Croatian, Serbian), Taşkent (Turkish), Toshkent (Uzbek), Taschkent (German)
Tbilisi Tiflīs (Arabic), Tbilissi (French), Tbilisi (Georgian, Italian, Slovene), Tiflis (German, Italian [obs.], Turkish), Tyflída (Greek), Tbiliszi (Hungarian), Tibilisi / \'Tyflis' (Polish)
Tekirdağ Rodosto (Greek)
Terezín Terezín (Czech, Slovak), Theresienstadt (German)
Těšín; Cieszyn (Polish), Teschen (German), Tešín (Slovak)
The Hague Lāhāy (Arabic), De Haach (Frisian), Den Haag / 's-Gravenhage (Dutch), Haag (Czech, Finnish, Slovak, Slovene), La Haye (French), L'Aia (Italian), Den Haag / der Haag (German), Kháyi (Greek), Hága (Hungarian), Haga (Polish, Romanian), Haia (Portuguese), Gaaga (Russian), La Haya (Spanish), Haaha (Ukrainian), Hag (Serbian), Lahey (Turkish)
Thessaloniki Saloniki (alternative Greek name), Soluň (Czech), Thessalonique (French), Saloniki (German, Polish), Salonicco / Tessalonica (Italian), Salonic (Romanian), Selanik (Turkish), Solún (Slovak), Solun (Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Salonica (alternative English name), Tesalónica (Spanish), Tessalonika (Finnish)
Thionville Diedenhofen (German)
Timisoara Temešvár (Czech, Slovak), Temeschwar / Temeschburg (German), Temesvár (Hungarian), Temišvar (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Timişoara (Romanian), Temeşvar (Turkish)
Tirana Tiranë / Tirana (Albanian), Tirana (Italian), Tiran (Turkish)
Tongeren Tongern (German), Tongres (French)
Tórshavn; Thorshavn (Danish)
Toruń Toruń (Polish), Toruň (Czech), Thorn (German), civitas Torunensis (Latin)
Toulon Tolone (Italian), Toulon (French)
Toulouse Tolosa de Llenguadoc (Catalan), Tolosa (Italian), Toulouse (French), Tuluza (Polish), Tuluz (Serbian)
Trebizond Trabzon (Turkish), Trapezunt (German, Finnish, Polish), Trapezoúnda (Greek), Trebisonda (Spanish, Italian, Portuguese), Trébizonde (French)
Trent Trento (Italian), Trient (German), Trident (Czech), Trente (French, Dutch), Trydent (Polish)
Trier Trevír (Czech, Slovak), Trčves (French), Treviri (Italian), Trewir (Polish), Tréveris (Spanish, Portuguese)
Trieste Triest (German), Terst (Czech), Trst (Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Trieste (Italian), Tergeste (Latin)
Trogir Traů (Italian), Trogir (Croatian)
Trondheim Nidaros (Norwegian 997-15th century and 1930), Trondhjem (Dano-Norwegian 15th century-1929), Trondheim (Norwegian 1931-1939 and 1945-present), Drontheim (1940-1945) (German name during WWII occupation)
Tromsř Tromssa (Finnish, Sami)
Tübingen Tubinga (Spanish, Italian, Portuguese)Tubingue (French), Tubinky / Tybinky (Czech)
Turin Turín (Czech, Slovak), Turijn (Dutch), Torino (Italian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Finnish, Turkish), Turyn (Polish)
Turku Turu (Estonian), Ĺbo (Swedish), \'Aboa (Latin), Turku' (Finnish)
Tver Kalinin (former name), Tver (Italian, Slovene), Twer (Polish, German)

U

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Überlingen Überlingen (German), Jibrovice (Czech)
Udine Udin (Friulian), Udine (Italian), Videm (Czech)
Ulcinj Dulcigno (Italian), Ulcinj (Croatian, Serbian)
Ulm Ulm (German), Ulma (Italian)
Ulyanovsk Simbirsk (former name), Uljanovsk (Serbian, Slovene), Uljanowsk (German)
Umag Umago (Italian), Umag (Croatian)
Umeĺ Uumaja (Finnish)
Utrecht Utert (Frisian), Utrecht (Dutch)

V

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Vaasa Vasa (Swedish), Wasa (older Swedish name), Waza (Polish), Nikolainkaupunki (alternative old Finnish name)
Valencia Valčncia (Catalan), Valence (French), Valencia (Slovene, Spanish), Walencja (Polish)
Valletta Fālītā (Arabic), La Valette (French), Valéta (Greek), La Valletta (Italian, Slovak), il-Belt Valletta (Maltese), La Valeta (Portuguese)
Venice al-Bunduqīya (Arabic), Venecija (Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Russian, Ukrainian), Venčcia (Catalan), Benetke (Slovene), Benátky (Czech, Slovak), Venedig (Danish, German, Swedish), Venetië (Dutch), Venetsia (Finnish), Venise (French), Venetía (Greek), Velence (Hungarian), Venezia (Italian), Wenecja (Polish), Veneza (Portuguese), Veneţia (Romanian), Venecia (Spanish), Venedik (Turkish), Vinitsia (Yiddish)
Vienna Beč (Croatian, Serbian), Bécs (Hungarian), Dunaj (Slovene), Fienna (Welsh), Vena (Russian, Ukrainian), Vīne (Latvian), Vídeň (Czech), Viedeň (Slovak), Viena (Catalan, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian), Vienna (Italian), Vienne (French), Viénni (Greek), Vin (Yiddish), Viyana (Turkish), Wenen (Dutch), Wiedeń (Polish), Wien (Finnish, German)
Villach Bělák (Czech), Villaco (Italian), Beljak (Slovene)
Vilnius Filniyūs (Arabic), Vilna (Italian, Spanish, Slovene, Finnish), Vilne (Yiddish), Viļņa (Latvian), Vil'nja / Vil'njus (Belarusian), Vil'njus (Russian, Ukrainian, Serbian), Vilno (Czech), Wilna (German), Wilno (Polish)
Vitoria Gasteiz (Basque)
Vladikavkaz Ordzhonikidze (former name 1932-1944 and 1954-1990), Dzaudzhikau (former name 1944-1954)
Vlorë Vlorë / Vlora (Albanian), Valona (Italian, Serbian), Aulona (old name)
Volgograd Stalingrad (former name), Tsaritsyn (former name), Wołgograd (Polish), Carycyn (former Polish name), Volgograd (Slovene), Volgogrado (Spanish), Wolgograd (German), Stalingrado (former Italian name)
Vyborg Viiburi (Estonian), Viipuri (Finnish), Viborg (Swedish), Wiburg (German)

W

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Wangen Vanky (Czech), Wangen (German)
Warsaw Wārsū (Arabic), Varšava (Belarusian, Czech, Croatian, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian), Warschau (Dutch, German), Varssavi (Estonian), Varsova (Finnish), Varsovie (French), Varsovía (Latin, Greek), Varsó (Hungarian), Varsavia (Italian), Varšava (Serbian, Slovene), Varšuva (Lithuanian), Varşovia (Romanian), Warszawa (Polish), Varsovia (Spanish), Varşova (Turkish), Varshe (Yiddish)
Waterford Port Láirge (Irish)
Weimar Výmar (Czech), Weimar (German)
Wejherowo Neustadt in Westpreußen (German)
Worms Wormacja (Polish), Wormazia (Italian [obs.])
Wroclaw Wrocław (Polish), Vratislav (Czech), Vratislavia / Wratislavia / Wracislavia (Latin), Breslau (Dutch, German, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish), Wroclaw (Finnish, Slovene), Vratislav / Vroclav (Slovak, Serbian), Breslavia (Italian)

Y

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Yekaterinburg Jekaterinburg (Serbian, Finnish, German, Slovene, Swedish), Jekaterynburg (Polish), Ekaterinburgo (Spanish), Sverdlovsk (former name)
Yerevan Yirīfān (Arabic), Erevan (French, English [rare], Slovene), Jerewan / Eriwan (German), Jereván (Hungarian), Erewan (Polish), Jerevan (Czech, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian, Slovak, Serbian), Ereván (Spanish), Erivan (Turkish)
York Caerefrog (Welsh), Eboracum (Latin), Jorvik (ancient Scandinavian)
Ypres Ieper (Dutch), Ypres (French), Ypern (German)

Z

English Name '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Zadar Zara (Italian), Zadar (Croatian)
Zagreb Zaġrib (Arabic), Záhřeb (Czech), Záhreb (Slovak), Agram (German [obs.]), Zágráb (Hungarian), Zagabria (Italian), Zagrzeb (Polish), Zagreb (Slovene), Zagrep (Turkish), Zahreb (Ukrainian), Zâgreb (Serbian)
Zeebrugge Seebrügge (German)
Zittau Žitava (Czech), Zittau (German)
Zug Zoug (French), Zug (German, Romansh), Zugo (Italian)
Zurich Zūrīk (Arabic), Cirih (Serbian), Curych (Czech), Zurich (French), Zürich (German, Finnish, Slovene, Swedish), Zurigo (Italian), Turitg (Romansh), Zúrich (Spanish), Zyríkhi (Greek), Ciurichas (Lithuanian), Zurych (Polish), Zurique (Portuguese), Cjurikh (Russian, Ukrainian), Zürih (Turkish)
Zwickau Cvikov (Czech), Zwickau (German)

See also