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List of equations in classical mechanics
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List of equations in classical mechanics

This page gives a summary of important equations in classical mechanics.

Table of contents
1 Nomenclature
2 Defining Equations
3 Useful derived equations


a = acceleration (m/s²)
F = force (N = kg m/s²)
KE = kinetic energy (J = kg m²/s²)
m = mass (kg)
p = momentum (kg m/s)
s = position (m)
t = time (s)
v = velocity (m/s)
v0 = velocity at time t=0
W = work (J = kg m²/s²)
s(t) = position at time t
s0 = position at time t=0
runit = unit vector pointing from the origin in polar coordinates
θunit = unit vector pointing in the direction of increasing values of theta in polor coordinates

Note: All quantities in bold represent vectors.

Defining Equations

Center of Mass

In the discrete case:

where is the number of mass particles.

Or in the continuous case:

where ρ(s) is the scalar mass density as a function of the position vector.



(R = radius of the circle, ω = v/R
angular velocity)



  (Constant Mass)


  if F is constant

Moment of Intertia

For a single axis of rotation:

Angular Momentum

  iff v is perpendicular to r

Vector form:

(Note: I can be treated like a vector if it is diagonalized first, but it is actually a 3×3 matrix)

r is the radius vector


if |r| and the sine of the angle between r and p remains constant.
This one is very limited, more added later. α = dω/dt



  if m is constant

  (near the earth's surface)

g is the acceleration due to gravity, one the physical constants.

Central Force Motion

Useful derived equations

Position of an accelerating body

  if a is constant.

Equation for velocity