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List of borrowed words in Indonesian
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List of borrowed words in Indonesian

Table of contents
1 From Sanskrit
2 From Arabic
3 From Dutch
4 From Chinese, mostly from Hokkien_(dialect)
5 From French
6 From Portuguese
7 Recent borrowing from English
8 Borrowing from Regional languages and Other foreign languages

From Sanskrit

aksara letter
bahasa language
bakti, bhakti homage, devotion, service etc.
berita news
budi reason
bumi earth
cahaya light
cakram, cakra disk, sphere etc.
cakrawala horizon
dana alms
dharma, darma duty, good deeds (i.e. charity), truth etc.
desa village
genta bell
guna use, purpose
guru teacher, guru
jasa merit, service etc.
karma karma
karya work, oeuvre
kepala head
kerja work (same origin as karya)
mantra mantra
menteri minister (head of a government department)
nama name
negara country
negeri city (lit.)
pahala merit, reward (for moral conduct)
paksa to force
pustaka book
rasa emotion, feeling, taste
sastra literature
utara north
warna colour
warta news (same origin as berita)
warta berita news broadcast

From Arabic

akal reason
akhir end
akhlak moral
akhirat hereafter
awal beginning
badan body
berkah, barokah bless, barakah
kitab book
kursi chair
halal lawful
haram unlawful
ma'af sorry, to apologise
maksud meaning, purpose
majelis assembly, majlis
masjid mosque
mubazir useless
murtad apostate
musim season
pikir to think
sedekah gift, shodaqoh
siasat trick
waktu time
zakat alms
zaman, jaman era

From Dutch

anggar fencing (from French en Garde!)
arde ground (Dutch= aarde = earth)
arbei strawberry (Dutch =aardbei)
ban tyre (Dutch = band)
baskom, waskom washbasin (Dutch = waskom)
bengkel workplace (Dutch winkel = store, originally angle)
besuk visiting (Dutch =bezoeken)
bioskop cinema (Dutch = bioskoop)
bruder Roman Catholic friar (Dutch broeder = brother)
buku book (Dutch =boek)
dak roof
dasi necktie (Dutch = das)
ember bucket (Dutch =emmer)
engsel hinges (Ducth hengsel)
handuk towel (Dutch handdoek)
hanger hanger
kabel wire
kamar room (Dutch=kamer)
kantor office (Dutch=kantoor)
karcis ticket (Dutch kaartjes = plural for diminutive of kaart, card or ticket)
kartu card (Dutch=kaart)
kelar ready, finished (Dutch= klaar)
kosen window frame (Dutch= kozijn)
laci deskdrawer (Dutch= laatje, diminutive form of la)
lampu lamp
oom, om uncle
pabrik factory (Dutch = fabriek)
plafon ceiling (Dutch= plafond, from French)
potlot pencil (Dutch= potlood)
sekrup screw (Dutch= schroef)
sepeda bicycle (most probably from French velocipede)
slang waterhose
tante aunt
tas bag (Dutch = tas)
tegel floor tile
telat (too) late (Dutch= te laat)
wastafel sink
zuster, suster nun, nurse, sister

From Chinese, mostly from Hokkien_(dialect)

amoi Chinese girl
angpao gift money for Chinese New Year
bakmie noodle
bakso meatball
dacin balance scale
hoki luck, lucky
kecap soybean sauce, ketchup
mesiu gunpowder (not clear whether of Chinese descent or not)
singkek Chinese newcomer (derogative), pure blooded Chinese, i.e. not of mixed ancestry
tahu tofu
teh tea
Tionghoa Chinese
Tiongkok China

From French

kado gift (FR: cadeau)
kudeta coup d'etat (FR: coup d'etat)

From Portuguese

armada fleet (Port. armada)
belanda Dutch, Holland, any westerner (Port. Holanda)
beranda veranda (Port. varanda)
biola violin (Port. viola)
gardu to guard, watch post (Port. guardo)
gereja church (Port. igreja)
gubernur governor (Port. governador)
keju cheese (Port. queijo)
kemeja shirt (Port. camisa)
kereta chariot
lemari case (cognate with English armoury. Port. armario)
meja table (Port. mesa)
mentega butter (Port. manteiga)
minggu Sunday (Port. Domingo)
sepatu shoe (Port. sapato)
serdadu army (Port. soldado)
tempo time (Port. tempo)
terigu flour (Port. trigo)

Recent borrowing from English

gosip gossip
pensil pencil
solusi solution
target target
topik topic

Borrowing from Regional languages and Other foreign languages

Word Meaning Origins
anjangsana high official visiting Sundanese
anjungan pavilion Minangkabau
kedai foodstall Tamil
anda You (respect) Nias
so pasti surely Manado Malay
piyama pajamas Persian
nan which, who (connecting word Minangkabau
apam kind of cake probably Tamil

See also: Indonesian language