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List of alternative country names
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List of alternative country names

Most countries of the world have alternative names. Some countries have also undergone name changes for political or other reasons. This article attempts to give all known alternative names and initialisms for all nations, countries and sovereign states, in English and any predominant or official languages of the country in question.

Countries are listed alphabetically by a description, that is, the most common name or term that is politically neutral and unambiguous. This may followed by a note as to the status of the description used.


Description '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
People's Republic of China
China (common), 中华人民共和国 (official, Chinese), 中国 (common, Chinese), Communist China (colloquial), Red China (colloquial), PRC (initialism)


Description '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Republic of Ireland
(official description)
Ireland (official and common name), Éire (Irish name, colloquial British term), Poblacht na hÉireann (official description, Irish), ROI (abbreviation, colloquial British term), Irish Republic (colloquial British term, obsolete/incorrect), Irish Free State or the Free State (colloquial Northern terms, obsolete)


Description '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Russian Federation
(official description)
Russia (official and common name, ambiguous), RF (initialism), Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (former name), RSFSR (former name initialism), Rus (poetic or obsolete name, ambiguous), Great Russia (obsolete name)


Description '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
Serbia and Montenegro Srbija i Crna Gora (common, Serbian), Drzavna Zajednica - Srbija i Crna Gora (official, Serbian), State Union - Serbia and Montenegro (official, English), SCG (initialism, local), S&M (initialism), S&MN (initialism), Yugoslavia (former name, still in use)


Description '''Other name(s) or older name(s)
United States
(shortened form)
United States of America (official), America or the States (colloquial), U.S. (initialism), USA (initialism)
United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (official, English), Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon (official, Welsh), An Rìoghachd Aonaichte na Breatainn Mhòr agus Eirinn a Tuath (official, Scottish Gaelic), Ríocht Aontaithe na Breataine Móire agus Thuaisceart Éireann (official, Irish Gaelic), An Rywvaneth Unys a Vreten Veur hag Iwerdhon Glédh (official, Cornish), Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland (Scots) , Britain (colloquial), Great Britain (incorrect, colloquial), England (incorrect, colloquial), UK (initialism)

See also: