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Kyrgyzstan (Кыргызстан) is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with the People's Republic of China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan. Its capital is Bishkek (formerly Frunze).

Кыргыз Республикасы
Kyrgyz Respublikasy
Кыргызская республика
Kyrgyzskaya respublika
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: none
Official languages Kirghiz, Russian
Capital Bishkek
President Askar Akayev
Prime Minister Nikolay Tanayev
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 85th
198,500 km²
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 112th
 - Declared
 - Recognised
From Soviet Union
August 31, 1991
Currency Som
Time zone UTC +5
National anthem Xxxxx
Internet TLD.KG
Calling Code996

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Oblasttar
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External links


Main article: History of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1864; it achieved independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Under the USSR, it became a Soviet Socialist Republic in 1937 with the full name of Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic, commonly referred to as Kirghizia or Kirghiz SSR.


Main article: Politics of Kyrgyzstan


Main article: Oblasttar of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is divided into 7 oblasts (singular - oblast, derived from Russian meaning region, province) and 2 cities:

Bishkek city, Batken oblast, Chui oblast (Tokmok), Jalalabad oblast, Naryn Oblast, Osh Oblast, Osh city,Talas oblast, Yssyk-Kul oblast (Karakol).

Note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses).

Oblasts are further divided into raions (districts), administered by officials appointed by the central government. Rural communities, comprising up to 20 small settlements, are self-governed with elected mayors and councils.


Main article: Geography of Kyrgyzstan

Places include: Kara-Su

Lake: Issyk Kul


Main article: Economy of Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is a small, poor, mountainous country with a predominantly agricultural economy. Wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, cotton, wool, tobacco, fruits, beef and mutton are the main agricultural products, with cotton, wool and meat the main exports. Industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, and electricity. Kyrgyzstan has been one of the most progressive countries of the former Soviet Union in carrying out market reforms. Following a successful stabilization program, which lowered inflation from 88% in 1994 to 15% in 1997, attention has since then turned toward stimulating growth. Much of the government's stock in enterprises has been sold. Drops in production had been severe since the breakup of the Soviet Union in December 1991, but by mid-1995 production began to recover and exports began to increase. Pensioners, unemployed workers, and government workers with salary arrears continue to suffer. Foreign assistance played a substantial role in the country's economic turnaround. The government has adopted a series of measures to combat such severe problems as excessive external debt, inflation, inadequate revenue collection, and the spillover from Russia's economic disorders. Kyrgyzstan has enjoyed robust growth every year since 1999.


Main article: Demographics of Kyrgyzstan


Main article: Culture of Kyrgyzstan

DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks

Miscellaneous topics

External links

[ Edit {}] Countries in Central Asia
China | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Mongolia | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan