Encyclopedia  |   World Factbook  |   World Flags  |   Reference Tables  |   List of Lists     
   Academic Disciplines  |   Historical Timeline  |   Themed Timelines  |   Biographies  |   How-Tos     
Sponsor by The Tattoo Collection
Knee
Main Page | See live article | Alphabetical index

Knee

Table of contents
1 Anatomy
2 Ship Building

Anatomy

In anatomy, the knee joint is a complex, compound, condyloid variety of a synovial joint. It consists of two separate joints - Femoro-patellar joint & Femoro-tibial joint

Ligaments

The human knee is assosciated with the following ligaments: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL),Capsular Ligament, Ligamentum Patellae, Tibial Collateral Ligament, Fibular Collateral Ligament & Oblique Popliteal Ligament

Menisci

These are cartilagenous elements within the knee joint. They are two in number - the medial meniscus and the lateral meniscus.

Movements

The knee permits the following movements flexion, extension, locking, unlocking

Injury

In sports such as skiing, soccer, or other sports that involve great stresses to the knees it is common to tear one or more of ligaments-especially cruciate ligaments and the menisci. This is a serious injury that can involve anywhere from 6 weeks to 6 months recovery time, and may require a surgical repair of the ligament. Techniques to minimise the risk of an ACL injury while skiing are published by Vermont Safety Research

Ship Building

The knee is an L-shaped piece of wood or iron used to hold the various parts of the ship together, used in conjunction with various assembly elements securing the knee to the two parts of the ship being secured. The 1800's witnessed the change from wood to iron knees.

See also: Over the knee.