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Khabarovsk Krai
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Khabarovsk Krai

Khabarovsk Krai (Хаба́ровский кра́й) (1995 pop. 1,588,100 est.) in Russia's Far East lies mostly in the basin of the lower Amur River, but the krai also occupies a vast mountainous area along the coastline of the Sea of Okhotsk.

Geography

Khabarovsk Krai shares its borders with Magadan Oblast on the north, with Sakha Republic and Amur Oblast on the west, with the People's Republic of China and Primorsky Krai on the south, while being limited by the Sea of Okhotsk on the east.

Taiga and tundra in the north, swampy forest in the central depression, and deciduous forest in the south are the natural vegetation in the area.

Economy

Major industries include timberworking and fishing, along with metallurgy in the main cities, although the krai's own mineral resources are poorly developed. Komsomolsk-on-Amur is the iron and steel center of the Far East; a pipeline from northern Sakhalin supplies the petroleum-refining industry in the city of Khabarovsk. In the Amur basin, there is also some cultivation of wheat and soybeans. The capital city, Khabarovsk, is at the junction of the Amur River and the Trans-Siberian railway.

Demographics

There are some aboriginal peoples of the Manchu-Tungus language family: Evenks and Evens to the north and some Manchu peoples to the south of the Amur river. Some Nivkh (Gilyak), an indigenous fishing people with an isolated language, still live around the Amur river delta.

Administrative Division

Districts

Khabarovsk Krai consists of the following districts (Russian: районов):


 
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