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Kenya
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Kenya

Kenya is a country of eastern Africa, bordering Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and the Indian Ocean.

Republic of Kenya
(In Detail) (Full size)
''National motto: Harambee (Swahili, "Let's work together")
Official languages English, Kiswahili
Capital Nairobi
President Mwai Kibaki
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 46th
582,650 km²
2.3%
Population
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 37th
31,138,735
53.4/km²
Independence
 - Declared
 - Recognised
(Event Xxxx)
December 12, 1963
(Year)
Currency Shilling
Time zone UTC +3
National anthem Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu (Oh God of All Creation)
Internet TLD.KE
Calling Code254 (005 from Tanzania and Uganda)

Table of contents
1 History
2 Politics
3 Provinces
4 Geography
5 Economy
6 Demographics
7 Culture
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External links

History

Main article: History of Kenya

Fossils found in East Africa suggest that protohumans roamed the area more than 20 million years ago. Recent finds near Kenya's Lake Turkana indicate that hominids like Homo habilis and Homo erectus lived in Kenya 2.6 million years ago.

The colonial history of Kenya dates from the establishment of a German protectorate over the Sultan of Zanzibar's coastal possessions in 1885, followed by the arrival of the British East Africa Company in 1888. Incipient imperial rivalry was forestalled when Germany handed its coastal holdings to Britain in 1890.

From October 1952 to December 1959, Kenya was under a state of emergency arising from a rebellion against British rule. The first direct elections for Africans to the Legislative Council took place in 1957. Despite British hopes of handing power to "moderate" African rivals, it was the Kenya African National Union of Jomo Kenyatta, which formed a government shortly before Kenya became independent on December 12, 1963. A year later, Kenyatta became Kenya's first president.

At Kenyatta's death in 1978, Daniel arap Moi became President, and in democratic multiparty elections in 1992 and 1997 won re-election. In 2002, Moi was constitutionally barred from running and Mwai Kibaki, was elected President.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Kenya

Ethnic divisions account for many of Kenya's problems. During the early 1990s, tribal clashes killed thousands and left tens of thousands homeless. Ethnically split opposition groups allowed the regime of Daniel arap Moi, in power from 1978 until 2002, to be reelected for four terms, with the election in 1997 being marred by violence and fraud.

Provinces

Main article: Provinces of Kenya

Kenya is divided into 7 provinces and 1 area*:

Geography

Main article:
Geography of Kenya

Economy

Main article: Economy of Kenya

Kenya is well placed to serve as an engine of growth in East Africa, but its economy shows signs of stagnating. Some argue that this is because of poor management and uneven commitment to reform, others insist that structural imbalances in world trade, particularly with regard to falling commodity prices and lack of access to western markets, have much to do with poor economic growth.

In 1993, the government of Kenya implemented a program of economic liberalization and reform that included the removal of import licensing, price controls, and foreign exchange controls. With the support of the World Bank, IMF, and other donors, the reforms led to a brief turnaround in economic performance following a period of negative growth in the early 1990s. One of the unintended consequence of freeing foreign exchange control was that it allowed a gold scam (Goldenberg) in which the Kenyan government lost over 600 million US dollars. This resulted in a weak currency which hindered economic improvement. Kenya's GDP grew 5% in 1995 and 4% in 1996, and inflation remained under control. Growth slowed in 1997-1999 however. Political violence damaged the tourist industry, and Kenya's Enhanced Structural Adjustment Program lapsed. A new economic team was put in place in 1999 to revitalize the reform effort, strengthen the civil service, and curb corruption, but wary donors continue to question the government's commitment to western establishment ideas of sound economic policy.

Considered by some to be long-term barriers to development are, electricity shortages, the government's continued and allegedly inefficient dominance of key sectors, corruption, the foreign debt burden, unstable international commodity prices, and the country's high population growth rate.

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Kenya

Ethnic divisions account for many of Kenya's problems. During the early 1990s, tribal clashes killed thousands and left tens of thousands homeless. Ethnically split opposition groups allowed the regime of Daniel arap Moi, in power from 1978 until 2002, to be re-elected for four terms, with the election in 1997 being marred by violence and fraud.

Ethnic groups: Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%

Religious affiliation: Various Protestant 38%, Roman Catholic 28%, Muslim 6%, Traditional Religions 22%.

See also: List of cities in Kenya, Maasai.

Culture

Main article: Culture of Kenya

Miscellaneous topics

External links


Commonwealth of Nations
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[ Edit {}] Countries in Africa
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Other areas: Canary Islands | Madeira Islands | Mayotte | Réunion | Saint Helena | Western Sahara