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A journalist is a person who engages in journalism; that is, a journalist creates articles or reports as a profession for broadcast or publication in mass media such as newspapers, television, radio, magazines, documentary film, and the Internet.

Table of contents
1 Origin and scope of the term
2 19th century journalists
3 20th century print journalists
4 20th century broadcast journalists
5 Internet journalists
6 Contemporary journalists
7 Production journalists
8 See also
9 External links

Origin and scope of the term

In the early 19th century, the term journalist once meant simply someone who wrote for journals, such as Charles Dickens in his early career, but has come to mean a writer for newsapapers and magazines as well. Many consider the term journalist interchangeable with reporter, however this is inaccurate as it ignores many other types of journalist including columnist, leader writers, photographers, editorial designers, sub editors and so on. Reporter is a specific type of "journalist" who writes news pieces.

Many journalists write for print periodicals, but some also write books or publish on the Internet. Broadcast journalists appear on radio or television.

Regardless of medium, the term journalist now carries a connotation or expectation of professionalism in reporting, with consideration for truth and ethics. This expectation is not always met, as journalists may publicly or privately take sides, but this is not taken lightly when revealed.

19th century journalists

20th century print journalists

20th century broadcast journalists

Internet journalists

Contemporary journalists

(please add to list in alphabetical order)

There are numerous examples of journalists turned novelists, both in the past and in the present, amongst them

Production journalists

Despite the fact that many people conflate journalist and reporter, a journalist is anyone who works any editorial aspect of a publications. This includes so-called production journalists such as sub-editors, copy editors, graphic designers, art directors and photographers. Graphic designers and art directors who work exclusively on advertising material, however, are not considered journalists.

See also

External links